Anna Abashidze

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Anna Abashidze (Georgian: ანნა აბაშიძე; 1730 – 7 December 1749) was a Georgian princess of the Abashidze family and Queen Consort of Kakheti as the second wife of King Heraclius II whom she married in 1745. She was the mother of George XII, the last king of Georgia.

Biography[edit]

Princess Anna was born in 1730 into one of the leading noble houses of Imereti, a kingdom in western Georgia. Her father was Prince Zaal Abashidze. Anna had two brothers, Ioane and Simon. The former served as a governor (mouravi) of Borchalo and a chief of royal guards (kechikchibashi) from 1769 to 1799 and saw action against the Persians at Krtsanisi in 1795. The latter was a keeper of the royal seal (mordali).

Anna married Heraclius II as his second wife in 1745. Her predecessor was either Ketevan Orbeliani, whom Heraclius divorced, or, according to more recent research, Ketevan Pkheidze, who died of a severe illness in 1744. The marriage was arranged by Heraclius's maternal aunt, Princess Anuka, who was married to an Abashidze. The wedding was first pompously celebrated at Anuka's house in Kvishkheti and then at the court of Heraclius's father, Teimuraz II of Kartli, in Tbilisi. Anna died in Tbilisi at the age of 19 and was interred at the Cathedral of Living Pillar in Mtskheta. A year later, in 1750, Heraclius married his third and last wife, Darejan Dadiani.[1][2][3]

Heraclius and Anna had three children:[1][3]

  • Prince George (10 November 1746 – 28 December 1800), who succeeded Heraclius II as king of Kartli and Kakheti,
  • Princess Tamara (12 July 1747 – 4 August 1786), who married Prince David Orbeliani.
  • An anonymous daughter, who died in infancy.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Javakhishvili, David (2011–2012). "მეფე ერეკლე II-ის მეუღლეები" [The Spouses of King Erekle II] (PDF). Georgian Source Studies (English summary) (in Georgian). XIII-XIV: 90–96. ISSN 1987-9563. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-04-07. 
  2. ^ Dumin, S.V., ed. (1996). Дворянские роды Российской империи. Том 3. Князья [Noble families of the Russian Empire. Volume 3: Princes] (in Russian). Moscow: Linkominvest. p. 69. 
  3. ^ a b Montgomery, Hugh, ed. (1980). Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 2. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 66. ISBN 0850110297. 
Royal titles
Preceded by
Ketevan Orbeliani
or
Ketevan Pkheidze
Queen consort of Kakheti
1745–1749
Succeeded by
Darejan Dadiani