Anna German

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Anna German (Anna Hörmann)
Anna German-legitymacja studencka (cropped).jpg
Anna German in her student years, c. 1959
Born Anna Yevgenyevna German
(Russian: Анна Евгеньевна Герман)

February 14, 1936
Urgench, Uzbek SSR, Soviet Union
Died August 25, 1982(1982-08-25) (aged 46)
Warsaw, Poland
Occupation singer
Years active 1960–1982
Awards POL Polonia Restituta Kawalerski BAR.svg POL Złoty Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg

Anna Wiktoria German (February 14, 1936 – August 25, 1982) was a Soviet-born Polish singer, immensely popular in Poland and in the Soviet Union in the 1960s-1970s. She released over a dozen music albums with songs in Polish, as well as several albums with Russian repertoire.


Anna German was a Polish and Russian-language singer of a Russian-German family. She was born in Urgench, a city with a population of 22,000 in northwestern Uzbekistan in Central Asia, then Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union. Her mother, Irma Martens, was the descendant of Plautdietsch-speaking Mennonites invited to Russia by Catherine II. Her accountant father, Eugen (Eugeniusz) Hörmann (in Russian, Герман), was also of a Russian-German pastor family and born during travel in Łódź (Czarist Russian Empire) now Poland. Eugen Hörmann's father, Anna's grandfather, Friedrich Hörmann, who had studied theology at Lodz, was in 1929 incarcerated in Gulag Plesetsk by Communists for being a priest, where he died. In 1937, during the NKVD's anti-German operation, Eugen Hörmann was arrested in Urgench on false charges of spying, and executed (officially, sentenced to ten years in prison). Thereafter, Anna and her mother and grandmother survived in the Kemerovo Region of Siberia, as well as in Tashkent, and later in the Kyrgyz and Kazakh SSRs.

Anna German plaque in Wrocław

In 1946 her mother (who had married Herman Gerner, a Ludowe Wojsko Polskie soldier) was able to take the family to Silesia, first Nowa Ruda and then Wrocław in 1949.

Anna quickly learned Polish and several other languages and grew up hiding her family heritage. She graduated from the Geological Institute of Wroclaw University. During her university years, she began her music career at the Kalambur theater. Anna finally became successful when she won the 1964 II Festival of Polish Songs in Opole with her song "Tańczące Eurydyki". One year later, she won first prize in the international song contest in Sopot.

Anna performed in the Marché international de l'édition musicale in Cannes, as well as on the stages of Belgium, Germany, United States, Canada and Australia.

She also sang in Russian, English, Italian, Spanish, Latin, German and Mongolian.[1] In 2001 six of her Polish albums were reissued on CDs. In recent years many compilation albums of her songs have also been released in both Russia and Poland.

Career in Italy[edit]

In December 1966, German in Milan signed a contract with a small firm CDI to release the records, thus becoming the first performer from behind the "iron curtain", which was recorded in Italy. In Italy, Anna German has performed at the festival in San Remo, starred in a television show, a recorded programme with the singer Domenico Modugno, performed at the festival of Neapolitan songs in Sorrento and received the award "Oscar della sympatia".

Car accident and treatment[edit]

August 27, 1967, while in Italy, on the road between Forli and Milan,Anna German was involved in a severe car accident. At high speed the car driven by the impresario of the singer crashed into a concrete fence. Anna was thrown from the car through the windshield. She suffered multiple fractures, internal injuries. The results of the investigation revealed that the driver of the car — her Manager Renato Serio — fell asleep at the wheel. He escaped with a fracture of the hand and feet.

After the accident, German had not regained consciousness. After the plaster was taken off, the singer still lay in a hospital bed for half a year. Then it took her a few months to relearn to sit and walk.

Later in the 1960s, she released the autobiographical book "Come Back to Sorrento?"("Wróć do Sorrento?"), dedicated to the Italian period of her career. The book circulation — 30 000 copies.

Personal life[edit]

On 23 March 1972 she married Zbigniew Tucholski. Their son, Zbigniew, was born on 27 November 1975. In the last years of her life she composed some church songs. She died of osteosarcoma in 1982, and was buried at Warsaw evangelical cemetery.

Anna loved to cook Oriental dishes. Favorite food — boiled potatoes with herring, pickles, pies with cabbage, black tea with lemon, oatmeal cookies. She did not consume alcohol.

Books about Anna German[edit]

  • 1974 Nagrabiecki Jan: Anna German. 1974
  • Aleksander Zygariov: Anna German. 1988
  • Aleksander Zygariov: Anna German. 1998 (reissue)
  • Mariola Pryzwan: Wspomnienia o Annie German. 1999
  • Adriana Polak: Człowieczy los. Wspomnienia o Annie German. 2000
  • Artur Hörmann: Die unbekannte Anna German  2003 (The book was written by the uncle of Anna and brother her father Eugene Herman)
  • Mariola Pryzwan: Tańcząca Eurydyka. Wspomnienia o Annie German. 2008
  • Ivan IlichevАнна Герман – Гори, гори, моя звезда! 2010
  • Jordan Naoum: Anna German 2011 ISBN 6138327977
  • Mariola Pryzwan: Anna German o sobie. 2012
  • Ivan Ilichev: Мы долгое эхо (We long echo). 2012
  • Mariola Pryzwan: Tańcząca Eurydyka. Anna German we wspomnieniach. 2013
  • Marzena Baranowska: German. Osobisty album Anny German. 2013
  • Ivan Ilichev: Анна Герман. Белый ангел песни (White angel of the song) 2013
  • German. Śpiewający anioł. Super album. 2013
  • Ivan Ilichev: Эхо любви (Echoes of love). 2013
  • Volga Yerafeyenka: Anna German. „Uśmiechaj się”. 2014
  • Irma Martens-Berner: Człowieczy los. Wspomnienia matki Anny German. 2014, ISBN 978-83-7295-299-8 (Consultants books: son A. German, Dr. Zbigniew I. Tucholsky and her husband, engineer Zbigniew A. Tucholsky)
  • Ivan Ilichev: Анна Герман. Сто воспоминаний о великой певице (Anna German. A hundred memories of great singer). 2016

Literary works[edit]

  • 1970 „Wróć do Sorrento?...” (Come Back to Sorrento?...)
  • Bajka o skrzydlatym szpaku (The tale of the winged Starling) The book is written by Anna to her son
  • 1988 «Вернись в Сорренто?...»[1] translated from Polish into Russian by R. Bello
  • 2002 „Wróć do Sorrento?...” reissue
  • 2012 „Wróć do Sorrento?...” reissue



Anna German grave in the Cemetery of the Evangelical Reformed Church in Warsaw
  • Na tamten brzeg (1964) [Onto that shore]
  • Tańczące Eurydyki (1965) [Dancing Eurydices]
  • Recital piosenek (1967) [A recital of songs]
  • I classici della musica napoletana (1967) [Classics of the Canzone Napoletana]
  • Człowieczy los (1970) [Fate of Man]
  • Domenico Scarlatti - Arie z opery Tetide in Sciro (1971) [Domenico Scarlatti - Arias from opera Tetide in Sciro]
  • Wiatr mieszka w dzikich topolach (1972) [Wind lives in wild poplars]
  • To chyba maj (1974) [It has to be May]
  • Anna German (1977)
  • Anna German (1979)
  • Pomyśl o mnie (1979) [Think about me]
  • Tylko w tangu/Dookoła kipi lato (1979) [Only in tango/Summer is all around]
  • Śpiewa Anna German (1979) [Anna German is singing]
  • Надежда (Nadezhda, 1980) [Hope]
  • Последняя встреча (Poslednyaya vstrecha, 1982) [Last meeting]


  • "The Man I Love" (1964)

Later reprints and compilation albums[edit]

  • 1984 Jesteś moja miłością LP
  • 1987 Эхо любви (Echo lubvi) - live '79 LP
  • 1989 Anna German LP
  • 1989 Znaki zapytania LP
  • 1990 Powracające słowa vol. 1 LP
  • 1990 Powracające słowa vol. 2 LP
  • 1991 Zakwitnę różą CD
  • 1991 Recital piosenek CD
  • 1994 Nasza ścieżka CD
  • 1994 Złote przeboje neapolitanskie MC
  • 1995 Planeta Anna part 1 MC
  • 1995 Planeta Anna part 2 MC
  • 1996 Незабытый мотив (Nezabitiy motiv) CD
  • 1996 Лучшие песни (Luchshie pesni) CD
  • 1998 Когда цвели сады (Kogda tsveli sadi) CD
  • 1998 Wiatr mieszka w dzikich topolach CD
  • 1999 Tańczące Eurydyki CD
  • 1999 Platynowa kolekcja CD
  • 1999 Złote przeboje CD
  • 1999 Bal u Posejdona (Złota kolekcja) CD
  • 1999 Антология советского шлягера (Antologia sovetskogo shlagera) MC
  • 2000 Анна Герман. Российская эстрадная музыкальная энциклопедия (Rossiyskaya estradnaya muzikalnaya encyclopaedia) CD
  • 2000 Последняя встреча (Poslednyaya vstrecha) CD
  • 2001 Quiet words of love (Russian) (Любви негромкие слова) CD
  • 2001 Ваши любимые песни (Vashi lyubimie pesni) CD
  • 2001 Tańczące Eurydyki CD
  • 2001 Recital piosenek CD
  • 2001 Człowieczy los CD
  • 2001 Wiatr mieszka w dzikich topolach CD
  • 2001 Domenico Scarlatti - Arie z opery "Tetida in Sciro" CD
  • 2001 To chyba maj CD
  • 2001 Pomyśl o mnie CD
  • 2001 Luchshee - Zvyozdi sovetskoy estradi CD
  • 2002 Najlepsze piosenki CD
  • 2003 Наши лучшие песни (Nashi lyubimie pesni) CD
  • 2003 Człowiecy los collection CD
  • 2003 Золотой век русской эстрады (Zolotoy vek russkoy estrady) CD
  • 2003 Посидим, помолчим. Полное собрание песен (Posidim, pomolchim) vol.1 CD
  • 2003 Спасибо тебе мое сердце. Полное собрание песен (Spasibo tebe moyo serdtse) vol.2 CD
  • 2004 Złote przeboje CD
  • 2004 Самое лучшее (Samoe luchshee) CD
  • 2007 MP3 collection


  • 1966: Marynarka to męska przygoda (Documentary) – ensemble Cast
  • 1970: Landscape After the Battle (Polish: Krajobraz po bitwie)
  • 1970: Prom – singing
  • 1970: Balladyna (TV show) – singing
  • 1970: Wyspy szczęśliwe. Śpiewa Anna German (short film)
  • 1977: Sudba (film) – singing Echo Miłości
  • 2012: Anna German (Russian TV series) – singing (her songs have been used in the series)


External links[edit]

Media related to Anna German at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
title=Poland in the Eurovision Song Contest
Poland in the Eurovision Song Contest
Succeeded by
to the 1994 contest