Anna Karenina (2012 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Joe Wright|
|Screenplay by||Tom Stoppard|
|Based on||Anna Karenina
by Leo Tolstoy
|Music by||Dario Marianelli|
|Edited by||Melanie Ann Oliver|
|Distributed by||Focus Features|
Anna Karenina is a 2012 British epic romantic drama film directed by Joe Wright. Adapted by Tom Stoppard from Leo Tolstoy's 1877 novel of the same name, the film depicts the tragedy of Russian aristocrat and socialite Anna Karenina, wife of senior statesman Alexei Karenin, and her affair with the affluent officer Count Vronsky which leads to her ultimate demise. Keira Knightley stars in the lead role as Karenina, marking her third collaboration with Wright following both Pride & Prejudice (2005) and Atonement (2007), while Jude Law and Aaron Taylor-Johnson appear as Karenin and Vronsky, respectively. Matthew Macfadyen, Kelly Macdonald, Domhnall Gleeson and Alicia Vikander appear in key supporting roles.
Produced by Working Title Films in association with StudioCanal, the film premiered at the 2012 Toronto Film Festival. It was released on 7 September 2012 in the United Kingdom and Ireland and on 9 November 2012 in the United States. Anna Karenina earned a worldwide gross of approximately $69 million, mostly from its international run. It earned a rating of 64 percent from review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, labelling it generally favourable. Critics praised the cast, but commented on and criticised the heavily stylised adaptation, and were less enthusiastic with Wright's preference for style over substance and his idea of setting most of the action on a theatre stage.
It earned four nominations at the 85th Academy Awards and six nominations at the 66th British Academy Film Awards, winning Jacqueline Durran both prizes for Best Costume Design. In addition, Anna Karenina garnered six nominations at the 17th Satellite Awards, including a Best Actress nod for Knightley and Best Adapted Screenplay for Stoppard.
||This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (July 2013)|
In 1874 Imperial Russia, Prince Stepan "Stiva" Oblonsky's wife, Princess Daria "Dolly", catches him cheating with their governess. She banishes him from their home. Stiva's sister, Anna Karenina, journeys to Moscow to convince Dolly to forgive him. Anna is a wealthy, well-liked socialite who lives in St. Petersburg with her elder statesman husband Count Alexei Karenin, and their son, Seryozha.
Meanwhile, Stiva meets his old friend Konstantin Dimitrivich Levin, a wealthy land owning aristocrat in the country, who is looked down on by Moscow's elite because of his disinterest in living in the city. Levin professes his love for Stiva's sister-in-law, Princess Katerina "Kitty" Alexandrovna Shcherbatsky, and Stiva encourages him to propose. However, Kitty declines as she hopes to marry Count Alexei Vronsky. Later, Levin meets up with his elder brother Nikolai, who has given up his inheritance. Nikolai lives with a prostitute named Masha whom he has taken as his wife and suggests to Levin that he should marry one of the peasants on his estate.
On the train to Moscow, Anna meets Vronsky's mother, Countess Vronskaya, a well-known adulteress. Once in Moscow, Anna meets Vronsky himself, and they have an immediate and mutual attraction. As they leave, a railroad worker is killed beneath a moving train. Vronsky gives money to the man's family.
Anna convinces Dolly to take Stiva back. At a ball that night, Kitty attempts to dance with Vronsky, but he dances with Anna. Their dancing is noticed by everyone, including Kitty. Anna leaves the ball. Anna boards a train to St. Petersburg, but at a rest stop notices Vronsky, who declares that he must be where she is at every moment. She tells him to go back to Moscow, but he refuses.
In St. Petersburg, Vronsky visits his cousin Princess Betsy Tverskaya, who is friends with the Karenins. He begins to show up at all the places Anna and Betsy visit. During a party, Vronsky flirts openly with Anna, which catches Karenin's attention. He suggests they go home, but Anna stays. Vronsky threatens to take a promotion in another city but Anna asks him to stay. The following day, she and Vronsky meet at a hotel and make love.
Back at Levin's country estate, Stiva visits, where he tells Levin that Kitty and Vronsky are no longer getting married. Levin focuses on living an authentic country life. He works in his fields with his workers and has thoughts of taking one of their daughters as his wife, as his brother had suggested.
Karenin hears that both his wife and Vronsky are in the country and surprises her there at his country estate. Anna reveals to Vronsky that she is pregnant. She later encounters Karenin who suggests he join her for the horse races that evening. The races begin, and Anna shows her feelings for Vronsky when his horse falls and injures him. On their way home Anna confesses to Karenin that she is Vronsky's mistress and wishes to divorce him. Karenin refuses and instead confines her to their house.
Levin sees Kitty in a passing carriage and returns to Moscow to ask her again to marry him. Anna receives Vronsky at her house in St. Petersburg and curses him for not coming to her sooner. Vronsky replies that he was doing his duties as an officer. Karenin comes back home to find out that Vronsky has been visiting Anna. He searches her desk and finds love letters. Meanwhile, Levin and Kitty are reunited at the Oblonsky house. Karenin arrives to announce he is divorcing Anna. Anna begs Karenin to forgive her, but Karenin refuses. After dinner, Levin and Kitty confess their love and decide to marry.
Anna goes into premature labour. As she lies apparently dying, she confesses her sins before God. Vronsky is at her side, and she berates him and tells him that he could never be the man Karenin is. Her husband begs for her forgiveness, which she grants him. The next day Vronsky leaves at the request of Karenin, who forms an attachment to Anna's baby, Anya. Princess Betsy calls on Anna and discusses with her what will happen to Vronsky now that he has gone back to Moscow. Anna tells Betsy to tell Karenin everything as well. Karenin assures Anna that they could be happy again, but she only wants Vronsky. Karenin still does not agree to a divorce but releases Anna from her confinement. She and Vronsky soon leave for a trip to Italy with little Anya.
Levin and Kitty return to his country estate. The sick Nikolai and Masha have been given shelter in a storeroom by a servant. Levin promises Kitty that she will not have to live under the same roof as a former prostitute. The newly matured Kitty however ignores social norms and joins Masha in nursing Nikolai.
Anna returns to St. Petersburg to see Seryozha, but Karenin makes her leave after a short time. Anna also starts to believe that Vronsky is cheating on her. She later attends the opera. The upper class audience regard her with disdain as someone who "has broken the rules". She is humiliated, but retains her poise, just to break down once back at her hotel. The next day Anna has lunch at a restaurant where the society women avoid her. Dolly however joins her and tells her that Kitty is in Moscow to have her first child. Dolly says that Stiva's behaviour has not changed, but she has to come to accept and love him for who he is.
Later, Vronsky informs Anna that he must meet with his mother one last time to settle some accounts, but when Anna sees Princess Sorokina picking him up, she becomes very upset. She drinks more laudanum and goes by train to see if Vronsky is truly with his mother. On the way, she has hallucinations of Vronsky and Princess Sorokina making love, and laughing about her. At the last station, Anna says to herself, "God forgive me!" as she jumps under an oncoming train, which kills her.
Levin returns home from working in the fields to find Kitty bathing their child. Oblonsky and his family eat with Levin and Kitty. Karenin is seen as retired from public life to his country estate, with Seryozha and young Anya playing nearby.
- Keira Knightley as Princess Anna Arkadievna Karenina
- Jude Law as Count Alexei Alexandrovich Karenin, a senior statesman and Anna's husband
- Aaron Taylor-Johnson as Count Alexei Kirillovich Vronsky, lover of Anna, a cavalry officer
- Matthew Macfadyen as Prince Stepan "Stiva" Arkadyevich Oblonsky, Anna's brother, a civil servant
- Kelly Macdonald as Princess Darya "Dolly" Alexandrovna Oblonskaya, Stiva's wife
- Alicia Vikander as Princess Ekaterina "Kitty" Alexandrovna Shcherbatskaya, Dolly's younger sister
- Domhnall Gleeson as Konstantin "Kostya" Dmitrievich Levin, a landowner and friend of Stiva
- Olivia Williams as Countess Vronskaya, Vronsky's mother
- Ruth Wilson as Princess Elizaveta "Betsy" Tverskaya, Vronsky's cousin
- Emily Watson as Countess Lidia Ivanovna, leader of a high society circle that includes Karenin
- Michelle Dockery as Princess Myagkaya, a friend of Anna
- Raphaël Personnaz as Count Alexander Kirillovich Vronsky, Alexei's brother
- Henry Lloyd-Hughes as Burisov
- Holliday Grainger as The Baroness
- Shirley Henderson as Meme Kartasov
- Bill Skarsgård as Captain Machouten
- Cara Delevingne as Princess Sorokina
- Alexandra Roach as Countess Marie Nordston
- Thomas Howes as Yashvin
- Tannishtha Chatterjee as Masha
- Emerald Fennell as Princess Merkalova
Joe Wright was hired to direct an adaptation of the Leo Tolstoy novel Anna Karenina, his fourth collaboration with Working Title Films. Wright shot most of his film on a single soundstage at Shepperton Studios in a dilapidated theatre outside London. Italian composer Dario Marianelli composed the film score, while Jacqueline Durran served as the costume designer. Sarah Greenwood was in charge of production design. Wright has worked with all three in past productions, including on the 2005 film Pride & Prejudice. Further crew members include cinematographer Seamus McGarvey, editor Melanie Ann Oliver, and choreographer Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui.
The cast include Keira Knightley as Anna, Jude Law as her husband, Aaron Taylor-Johnson as her young love, and Irish actor Domhnall Gleeson as Konstantin Levin, as well as Kelly Macdonald, Olivia Williams, Matthew Macfadyen, Michelle Dockery, and Tannishtha Chatterjee. Saoirse Ronan and Andrea Riseborough were initially cast in the film, but dropped out and were replaced by Alicia Vikander and Ruth Wilson, respectively. Ronan, stated that her reasoning behind turning down the role of Kitty was the film's long production schedule. It would have required her to turn down movie roles from autumn 2011 to late spring 2012, to film what would have ended up as a supporting role. By turning down the role, she was able to take the lead roles in Byzantium and The Host. The Borgias star Holliday Grainger had a minor role as Baroness Shilton.
In July 2011, Keira Knightley began rehearsals, in preparation for principal filming which began later in 2011. Filming began in October 2011. The film was distributed by Focus Features in North America and by Universal Pictures International for international markets. The film was released on 7 September 2012 in the United Kingdom and 9 November 2012 in the United States.
Upon its release, the film received mildly positive reviews from critics, with some praising the cast – particularly Knightley – and the production design, but criticising the script and Wright's apparent preference for style over substance. The film received an positive review score of 63% according to review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. Metacritic reported an average score of 63 out of 100, based on 41 reviews and classified the film as "generally favorable".
Oliver Lyttleton of The Playlist awarded the film a B+ and called the picture a "bold reimagining" of the classic novel, comparing Wright's vision to the films of Powell and Pressburger. He noted how Knightley "continues to go from strength to strength" and also praised Law as "excellent". Even though he speculated that "the film is going to divide people enormously", he concluded it was one to "cherish despite its flaws". Ian Freer of Empire awarded the film four stars out of five and was effervescent in his praise for Wright and the final result: he said "Anna Karenina militantly doesn’t want to be just another costume drama; it attacks the heavyweight concerns of Russian literature (hypocrisy, jealousy, faith, fidelity, the pastoral vs. the urban, huge moustaches) with wit and verve; most exciting of all, it is filmmaking of the highest order, channeling every other art form from painting to ballet to puppetry while remaining completely cinematic". He lauded the entire cast for their work yet concluded that "this is really its director's movie".
In The Observer Jason Solomons also called Knightley "superb", and declared that the film "works beautifully...[it is] elegant and exciting [and] ...incredibly cinematic". Leslie Felperin of Variety was more reserved in her praise for the film, observing that although Wright "knows how to get the best from Knightley" and noting that the film was technically "glorious", it was also "unmistakably chilly" in the storytelling. The Daily Mirror singled out Knightley as "excellent" and lauded Wright for "offer[ing] a fresh vision of the Tolstoy classic", concluding the picture to be "with its beautiful cinematography and costumes... a real success".
Others were less impressed with the film and Wright's take on such a classic text. The Hertfordshire Mercury conceded that "costumes and art direction are ravishing, and Seamus McGarvey's cinematography shimmers with rich colour", but ultimately found there to be "no obvious method behind this production design madness". Stella Papamichael of Digital Spy also awarded the picture only two stars out of five, commenting that "the third time isn't such a charm for director Joe Wright and muse Keira Knightley". Although she found the actress "luminous in the role" she criticised Wright for "outshining" his star and affecting the narrative momentum by "favouring a glossy look over probing insights into a complicated character". Neil Smith of Total Film also awarded the film two out of five stars, lamenting the fact that Wright's elaborate stage design "pull[s] the attention away from where it should be... [and] keeps [us] at arm's length, forever highlighting the smoke, mirrors and meticulous stage management that have been pressed into service to make his big idea a reality". He also dismissed Knightley's performance as "less involving" than her "similar" turn in The Duchess. Richard Brody of The New Yorker criticised Wright for diverging from Tolstoy, without adding anything beyond superficialities in return: "Wright, with flat and flavorless images of an utterly impersonal banality, takes Tolstoy’s plot and translates it into a cinematic language that’s the equivalent of, say, Danielle Steel, simultaneously simplistic and overdone."
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