18 September 1971 |
Krasnodar, Soviet Union
|Occupation||Opera singer (soprano)|
|Awards||People's Artist of Russia, State Prize of the Russian Federation|
Anna Yuryevna Netrebko (Russian: Анна Юрьевна Нетребко, born 18 September 1971) is a Russian operatic soprano. She now holds dual Russian and Austrian citizenship and currently resides in Vienna, Austria and in New York City.
Early life and training
Netrebko was born in Krasnodar (Russia), in a family of Kuban Cossack background. While a student at the Saint Petersburg conservatoire, Netrebko worked as a janitor at Saint Petersburg's Mariinsky Theatre. Later, she auditioned for the Mariinsky Theatre, where conductor Valery Gergiev recognized her from her prior work in the theatre. He subsequently became her vocal mentor.
Under Gergiev's guidance, Netrebko made her operatic stage debut at the Mariinsky at age 22, as Susanna in Le nozze di Figaro. She went on to sing many prominent roles with the Kirov Opera, including Amina in La sonnambula, Pamina in Die Zauberflöte, Rosina in Il Barbiere di Siviglia, and Lucia in Lucia di Lammermoor. In 1994, she sang the Queen of the Night in Die Zauberflöte with the Riga Independent Opera Avangarda Akadēmija under conductor David Milnes. In 1995, at the age of 24, Netrebko made her American debut as Lyudmila in Glinka's Ruslan and Lyudmila at the San Francisco Opera. Following this successful performance, she became a frequent guest singer in San Francisco. She is known as an acclaimed interpreter of other Russian operatic roles, such as Natasha in Prokofiev's War and Peace, Louisa in Betrothal in a Monastery and Marfa in The Tsar's Bride. Netrebko has also made successful forays into bel canto and romantic roles such as Gilda in Rigoletto, Mimi in La bohème, Giulietta in Bellini's I Capuleti e i Montecchi, and Elvira in I puritani.
In 2002, Netrebko made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera as Natasha in the Met premiere of War and Peace. In the same year, she sang her first Donna Anna at the Salzburg Festival's production of Don Giovanni, conducted by Nikolaus Harnoncourt. She also performed at the Russian Children's Welfare Society's major fund raiser, the "Petroushka Ball". She returned to the Ball in 2003 and 2006 and is an honorary director of the charity.
In 2003, Netrebko performed as Violetta in Verdi's La traviata in Munich, the title role in Lucia di Lammermoor at the Los Angeles Opera, and Donna Anna at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. Her second album, Sempre Libera, was released the following year. She later appeared as Violetta Valéry in La traviata at the Salzburg Festival, conducted by Carlo Rizzi and in 2008 she performed the same role at Covent Garden to triumphant acclaim on the opening night, opposite Jonas Kaufmann and Dmitri Hvorostovsky in performances conducted by Maurizio Benini. However, she cancelled three subsequent performances due to suffering a bronchial condition. This was the second time she had cancelled her performances at the Royal Opera House, having withdrawn from some performances of Don Giovanni the previous summer due to illness. She sang Violetta's famous aria, "Sempre Libera", onscreen in 2004, when she briefly played herself in the movie The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement.
On 30 May 2007, Netrebko made her Carnegie Hall debut with Dmitri Hvorostovsky and the Orchestra of St. Luke's. Originally scheduled for 2 March 2006, Netrebko postponed the recital because she did not feel artistically ready. Netrebko appeared at the Last Night of the Proms on 8 September of that year where she performed "Ah! Se una volta ... Ah! Non credea mirarti ... Ah! Non giunge" from La sonnambula, "Meine Lippen, sie küssen so heiß" (Giuditta) and the song "Morgen!" by Richard Strauss (with violinist Joshua Bell). In the fall of 2007 she reprised her role as Juliette in Roméo et Juliette at the Metropolitan Opera, and in December Netrebko performed for Martin Scorsese, a 2007 Honoree, at the Kennedy Center Honors. That same year, she announced that she would be an ambassador for SOS Children's Village in Austria, and be a sponsor for the Tomilino village in Russia.
In May 2008, she made a much-awaited debut at the Paris Opera in I Capuleti e i Montecchi, with Joyce DiDonato as her Romeo. In her first performance after her maternity leave, Netrebko sang Lucia in Lucia di Lammermoor when it opened at the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg on 14 January 2009, in a production from the Scottish Opera led by John Doyle. She then sang the same role in January and February 2009 at the Metropolitan Opera. Netrebko appeared as Giulietta in I Capuleti e i Montecchi at the Royal Opera House in Spring 2009, and as Violetta in La traviata in June 2009 at the San Francisco Opera.
On 13 November 2010 in a matinee performance broadcast nationally by PBS, she sang the role of Norina in Don Pasquale at New York's Metropolitan Opera House under conductor James Levine. On 2 April 2011, she sang the title role of Gaetano Donizetti's Anna Bolena at the Vienna State Opera for a sold-out premiere there, and the repeat performance on 5 April 2011 was broadcast live to cinemas around the world. On 7 December 2011 she opened the new season at La Scala in Milan as Donna Anna in Don Giovanni. She has the distinction of being invited to appear in three consecutive opening night new productions at the Metropolitan Opera: Anna Bolena in 2011, L'elisir d'amore in 2012, and Eugene Onegin in 2013. Her performance as Lady Macbeth in the Metropolitan's 2014 fall season's production of Macbeth, a revival of Adrian Noble's 2007 production, drew critical praise and demonstrated her voice is still expanding in range and volume. She continued her expansion into heavier Verdi roles at the Met the following year, singing the role of Leonora in Il trovatore to acclaim from both critics and audiences.
Netrebko performed the olympic anthem at the opening ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, near her native Krasnodar. In December 2014, she posed alongside Oleg Tsaryov with a flag of Novorossiya (a self-proclaimed confederation in Ukraine) and gave a $19,000 cheque to Tsarov saying she was donating to the Donetsk opera and ballet theatre. Tsarov is one of the individuals sanctioned by the European Union for his role in the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine. Netrebko said in a statement "I want to make clear, however, that this donation is not a political act".
In March 2006, Netrebko applied to become an Austrian citizen, receiving her citizenship in late July. According to an interview in the Austrian weekly news, she will live in Vienna and Salzburg. Netrebko cites the cumbersome and humiliating process of obtaining visas (as a Russian citizen) for her many performances abroad as the main reason for obtaining Austrian citizenship.
In April 2008, Netrebko announced that she and Uruguayan bass-baritone Erwin Schrott had married; however, their wedding never in fact took place. Their son, officially named Tiago Netrebko, was born on 5 September 2008 in Vienna and is an Austrian citizen. Anna Netrebko said in a Russian TV interview in November 2013 that she and Schrott wished to change his name. In November 2013 the couple announced their separation, after several months of largely separate lives. Tiago, who is mildly autistic, lives exclusively with her.
In February 2014 in rehearsals for a staging of Manon Lescaut in Rome, Netrebko began a relationship with her co-star in that opera, the Azerbaijani tenor Yusif Eyvazov. Five months later the couple announced their engagement. In July 2015 they said they would wed in Vienna. Eyvazov was born in 1977 in Algiers, Algeria, the son of an Azerbaijani university professor working abroad. Netrebko and Eyvazov were married on 29 December 2015, at the Palais Coburg in Vienna with 180 guests in attendance, including tenor Plácido Domingo. Netrebko has an apartment in the Upper West Side of Manhattan, overlooking the Hudson River.
Recognition and awards
In 2004, she was awarded the State Prize of the Russian Federation. Time magazine placed her on its Time 100 list in 2007. She was identified by the journal Musical America as "a genuine superstar for the 21st century" and was named 'Musician of the Year' for 2008.
Complete opera video recordings
Complete opera audio recordings
Recital discs, concerts and highlights
- 2003: Opera Arias
- 2004: The Woman – The Voice DVD
- 2004: Sempre Libera
- 2005: Gala Concert from St. Petersburg DVD
- 2006: The Berlin Concert – Live from the Waldbühne DVD (with Rolando Villazón and Plácido Domingo)
- 2006: The Mozart album (with Thomas Quasthoff, Bryn Terfel, Elīna Garanča, and René Pape)
- 2006: Violetta: arias & duets from Verdi's La Traviata (CD/DVD)
- 2007: Opera
- 2007: Duets (with Rolando Villazon)
- 2007: Russian Album
- 2008: Puccini Gold (compilation)
- 2008: The Opera Gala – Live from Baden-Baden DVD
- 2008: Souvenirs
- 2008: A Mozart Gala from Salzburg DVD (with Thomas Hampson, et al.; recorded 2006)
- 2008: La nozze di Figaro – Highlights
- 2009: Puccini: La Bohème (Soundtrack Highlights)
- 2010: In the Still of Night
- 2010: Rossini: Stabat Mater
- 2010: Prima Donna – First Ladies of Opera (compilation)
- 2011: Anna Netrebko: Live at the Metropolitan Opera, Deutsche Grammophon
- 2011: Stabat Mater – A Tribute to Pergolesi (CD/DVD)
- 2013: Verdi
- 2013: Live from Red Square Moscow DVD (with Dmitri Hvorostovsky)
- 2014: Four Last Songs (Richard Strauss), Daniel Barenboim, Staatskapelle Berlin, Deutsche Grammophon Cat. 0289 479 3964
- 2016: Verismo, with Yusif Eyvazov; Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Antonio Pappano, Deutsche Grammophon (CD/LP) Cat. 0289 479 5015 8
|Anna Bolena||Donizetti||Anna Bolena|
|Antonia||Offenbach||Les contes d'Hoffmann|
|Antonida||Glinka||A Life for the Tsar|
|Donna Anna||Mozart||Don Giovanni|
|Giulietta||Bellini||I Capuleti e i Montecchi|
|Juliette||Gounod||Roméo et Juliette|
|Königin der Nacht||Mozart||Die Zauberflöte|
|Louisa||Prokofiev||Betrothal in a Monastery|
|Lucia||Donizetti||Lucia di Lammermoor|
|Lyudmila||Glinka||Ruslan and Lyudmila|
|Marfa||Rimsky-Korsakov||The Tsar's Bride|
|Natasha||Prokofiev||War and Peace|
|Rosina||Rossini||Il barbiere di Siviglia|
|Servilia||Mozart||La clemenza di Tito|
|Susanna||Mozart||Le nozze di Figaro|
|Sylva1||Kálmán||Die Csárdásfürstin (Sylva) 1|
- 1 Concert performance of the opera/operetta
- Интервью с Анной Нетребко-Анна Нетребко: Я никогда не ходила по струнке. Татьяна Павловская, Краснодар., in Rossiyskaya Gazeta, issue no. 4070 dated 19 May 2006
- Culture (19 February 2006). "Melissa Whitworth, "Cinderella Soprano"". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- "Jessica Duchen, " Anna Netrebko: A rare jewel from the East". The Independent. 6 November 2006. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Agelet de Saracibar, Carlos; "Anna Netrebko Performance Database" ANPD September 2011
- "Anna Netrebko and Erwin Schrott will give a concert tour to Ukraine..." Classissima, 29 October 2010
- Opera (26 October 2006). "Peter Culshaw, "'Justin Timberlake is too young for me'"". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Stuart Jeffries (25 April 2008). "'I conquered the critics'". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- "Russian Soprano Debuts at Carnegie Hall". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. 30 May 2007. Archived from the original on 10 December 2012.
- "Last Night of the Proms: program". BBC. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Anna Netrebko profile, SOS Children's Villages
- Stolyarova, Galina. "Mariinsky Diva Back With New Production." The St. Petersburg Times. (16 January 2009) Retrieved 9 February 2009
- Ross, Alex (20 October 2014). "Sound And Fury". The New Yorker. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Tanner, Michael (1 November 2014). "Met Opera Live's Macbeth: Netrebko's singing stirred almost as much as her décolletage". spectator.co.uk. The Spectator. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Jorden, James. "The Met's Triumphant Il Trovatore Is a Return to Opera's Golden Age". New York Observer. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- Tommasini, Anthony. "Review: Il Trovatore and Anna Bolena Showcase Courage and Command at the Met". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- David Ng (7 February 2014). "Sochi Olympics: Anna Netrebko performs at the opening ceremony". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Russian soprano Netrebko helps theatre in rebel Ukraine". BBC News. 8 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Russia's Netrebko sparks controversy with donation to separatist region". GlobalPost. Agence France-Presse. 8 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Opera Star Under Fire For Backing Ukraine Separatists". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- ORF.at, 26 July 2006. (in German, Google translation)
- "Galina Stolyarova, "National Treasure"". The Moscow Times. 26 May 2006. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Jeffries, Stuart. "I conquered the critics." The Guardian. 26 April 2008 (Retrieved 9 February 2009)
- Finn, Robin. "Breakfast Eggs (15 Ways) by a Soprano" The New York Times. (14 January 2011) Retrieved 24 August 2012
- "Anna Netrebko brachte Buben zur Welt" (in German). ORF. 5 September 2008. Retrieved 6 September 2008.
- "Famous Opera Singers Anna Netrebko and Erwin Schrott End Romantic Relationship", AP in The Huffington Post, 25 November 2013
- Netrebko/Eyvazov announcement, Facebook, 10 July 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014
- "Opera star Anna Netrebko marries in splendor", Deutsche Welle, 29 December 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2016]
- "Anna Netrebko Decorates" by Joanne Kaufman, The New York Times, 24 January 2014
- УКАЗ Президента РФ от 06.06.2005 N 641 Президент России
- Porterfield, Christopher (3 May 2007). "Anna Netrebko". TIME. Archived from the original on 13 January 2008. Retrieved 7 January 2008.
- Elliott, Susan (6 November 2007). "Musical America Announces 2008 Awards". Musical America. Retrieved 7 January 2008. (subscription required (. ))
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anna Netrebko.|
- Official website
- Mariinsky Artists
- Reviews, articles, photos and future schedules for Anna Netrebko from The Opera Critic
- Profile of Netrebko, The New York Times
- Interview with Anna Netrebko on Opera Lively
- Anna Netrebko at the Internet Movie Database
- Anna Netrebko on YouTube
- Interview with Anna Netrebko, Stephen Costello, Peter Gelb on Anna Bolena, Charlie Rose, 10 October 2011