Anna Richards Brewster
|Anna Richards Brewster|
Mary Ann Richards|
|Died||1952 (aged 81–82)|
|Education||Cowles Art School, Art Students League of New York, Académie Julian|
|Spouse(s)||William Tenney Brewster|
Anna Richards Brewster (1870–1952) was an American painter.
She was born in the Germantown neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her parents were the poet and playwright Anna Matlack and the landscape painter William Trost Richards. One of her brothers, Theodore William Richards, won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1914.
She studied at Cowles Art School in Boston, where she won a First Scholarship in Ladies Life Classes in 1888, as well as with William Merritt Chase and John LaFarge at the Art Students League of New York in 1890. In 1890, she won the Dodge Prize awarded by the National Academy for the best picture painted by an American woman of any age. The winning painting, titled An Interlude to Chopin, has since been lost. She traveled to Europe periodically between 1890 and 1895, painting alongside her father in England, Ireland and Scotland, and studying at Académie Julian in Paris. In 1896, she relocated to London where she lived for nine years, keeping a public studio in Chelsea and exhibiting four times at the Royal Academy of Arts.
Brewster illustrated several publications in collaboration with her mother Anna Matlack throughout the 1890s, including A New Alice in the Old Wonderland in 1895, Letter and spirit, dramatic sonnets of inward life, published 1898, and a translation of a German folktale, Sintram and His Companions, published in 1900. The success of these publications led to a commission for illustrations in Bill Nye's Comic History of England.
In 1905, she married Barnard College literature professor William Tenney Brewster, who thereafter encouraged her to paint. The couple traveled extensively in Europe, North Africa, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and the United States. Her active professional output slowed after the death of her young son, Herbert, in 1910, yet she continued to paint landscapes abroad, exhibit work and participate in artistic communities. She was a founding member of the Scarsdale Art Association, , where she served as the first Vice President of Artist members, and a member of the National Association of Women Painters and Sculptors. Throughout the 1910s she carried out commissions, including a World War I poster distributed nationally by the Red Cross, as well as a series of eight portraits of Columbia University professors. During this period she also had several solo shows at New York art galleries, and continued to exhibit periodically at the National Academy until 1935.
Anna Richards Brewster was among the most successful international women artists of her time, yet her name has largely been forgotten. Upon her death in 1952, memorial exhibitions were organized at the Museum of the City of New York, the Butler Institute of American Art and the Georgia Art Museum. Her husband gave much of her work to public and private institutions at the time, and published a series of four books detailing her life and art. She is known today for sculptures and illustrations as well as paintings, which are found in museums and private collections across the United States and Europe. Like many American artists at the turn of the 20th century, Brewster made paintings of scenes from her travels; the Huntsville Museum of Art has one of fishermen in Volendam. Throughout the 1970s, her work was included in several posthumous exhibitions alongside the paintings of her father William Trost Richards, including at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the New Britain Museum of American Art. Recent decades have seen a slight revival of interest in her work, including a solo exhibition at the Newport Art Museum in 1985, and a major solo exhibition in 2008 which traveled between the Hudson River Museum, Butler Institute of American Art and the Fresno Metropolitan Museum. The catalogue for the 2008 exhibition, edited by Judith Kafka Maxwell, contained extensive biographical articles, as well as the first scholarly appraisals of her life and works within the context of late Victorian and early twentieth century women artists.
Publications as Illustrator
- A New Alice in the Old Wonderland, published in 1895
- Letter and spirit, dramatic sonnets of inward life, published in 1898
- Sintram and His Companions, translation published in 1900
- Bill Nye's Comic History of England, published in 1906
- Richards Brewster, Anna; Tenney Brewster, William (1954). A Book of Sketches. p. 10.
- Dodge Prize Certificate, 1890, Brewster family papers (AAA), reel 3796, frame 0224.
- Brewster, p. 10.
- Brewster McClatchy, p. 12.
- Brewter McClatchy, Susan (2008). Maxwell, Judith, ed. Anna Richards Brewster American Impressionist. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-520-25749-8.
- "Anna Richards Brewster". Netherlands Institute for Art History (RKD).
- Heller, Jules; Heller, Nancy G. (2013-12-19). North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary. Routledge. ISBN 9781135638825.
- Brewster, Anna Richards; Maxwell, Judith Kafka; Hudson River Museum; Butler Institute of American Art; Fresno Metropolitan Museum of Art, History, and Science (2008-01-01). Anna Richards Brewster, American impressionist. Berkeley: University of California Press.
- William Tenney Brewster (ed) A Book of Sketches by Anna Richards Brewster, 1954–57
- Judith Kafka Maxwell (ed) Anna Richards Brewster, American Impressionist, University of California Press, 2008, ISBN 9780520257498
- 2 paintings by or after Anna Richards Brewster at the Art UK site
- Anna Richards Brewster on Artnet
- Anna Richards Brewster website (arbrewster.com) – status unknown, perhaps the official website of the traveling exhibition Anna Richards Brewster, American Impressionist
- Anna Mary Richards Brewster artworks at The Athenaeum Museum (the-athenaeum.org)
- Anna Richards Brewster at Library of Congress Authorities, with 4 catalog records
- A New Alice in the Old Wonderland, published 1895, at the Internet Archive
- Letter and spirit, dramatic sonnets of inward life, published 1898, at HathiTrust Digital Library
- Bill Nye's Comic History of England, published in 1906, at Internet Archive
- Anna Richards Brewster at Library of Congress Authorities, with 4 catalog records (as Brewster)