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Annabelle is an allegedly haunted doll, housed in the occult museum of the paranormal investigators Ed and Lorraine Warren. A character based on the doll is a reoccurring antagonist in the Conjuring Universe.
According to the Warrens, a student nurse was given the doll in 1970. They said that the doll behaved strangely, and that a psychic medium told the student that the doll was inhabited by the spirit of a deceased girl named "Annabelle". The student and her roommate tried to accept and nurture the spirit-possessed doll, but the doll reportedly exhibited malicious and frightening behavior. It was at this point that the Warrens say they were first contacted, moving the doll to their museum after pronouncing it demonically possessed. The doll remains in a glass box at The Warrens' Occult Museum in Monroe, Connecticut. Texas State University assistant professor of religious studies Joseph Laycock says most skeptics have dismissed the Warren's museum as "full of off-the-shelf Halloween junk, dolls and toys, books you could buy at any bookstore". Laycock calls the Annabelle legend an "interesting case study in the relationship between pop culture and paranormal folklore" and speculates that the demonic doll trope popularized by films such as Child's Play, Dolly Dearest, and The Conjuring likely emerged from early legends surrounding Robert the Doll as well as a Twilight Zone season 5 episode 6 titled "Living Doll" (in which the character of the mother is named Annabelle), released 5 years prior to the Warren's story. Laycock suggests that "the idea of demonically-possessed dolls allows modern demonologists to find supernatural evil in the most banal and domestic of places."
Commenting on publicity for the Warren's occult museum coinciding with the film release of The Conjuring, science writer Sharon A. Hill said that many of the myths and legends surrounding the Warrens have "seemingly been of their own doing" and that many people may have difficulty "separating the Warrens from their Hollywood portrayal". Hill criticized sensational press coverage of the Warrens' occult museum and its Annabelle doll. She said, "Like real-life Ed Warren, real-life Annabelle is actually far less impressive." Of the supernatural claims made about Annabelle by Ed Warren, Hill said, "We have nothing but Ed's word for this, and also for the history and origins of the objects in the museum."
The doll was also described in Gerald Brittle's 1980 biography of Edward and Lorraine Warren, The Demonologist.
The Warren's story of the doll served as inspiration for the Annabelle doll character depicted in The Conjuring Universe, a film series that includes the following: Annabelle (2014), Annabelle: Creation (2017), and Annabelle Comes Home (2019). The producers did not use the likeness of Raggedy Ann, partially because doing so would require special permission, partially to make the doll's appearance more unsettling for a horror film; its appearance has been described as a "terrifying porcelain doll that is disfigured and immediately menacing". The character made a brief appearance in James Wan's The Conjuring 2 (2016) and Aquaman (2018), as well as The Curse of La Llorona (2019) and Shazam.
- Laycock, Joseph (2014-07-08). "The Paranormal To Pop Culture Pipeline". Religion Dispatches. University of Southern California. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20160522230945/http://www.warrens.net/annabelle.html, archived from 30 the original Check
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- Bryan Alexander (1 October 2014). "'Annabelle' joins ranks of freaky dolls in horror films". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
- Eidell, Lynsey (2014-10-07). "The Real-Life Story Behind Annabelle Is Even More Bone-Chilling Than the Movie". Glamour. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
- Joal Ryan (3 October 2014). "How the Real Doll Behind 'Annabelle' Became Even Freakier for the Movies". Yahoo!. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
- Don Wildman. "Annabelle the Devil Doll". Mysteries at the Museum. Travel Channel. Retrieved 2014-12-03.
- Hill, Sharon. "The Warrens: Sorting the truth from the Hollywood myth". Doubtful News. Lithospherica, LLC. Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
- Brittle, Gerald (September 13, 2002) . "Annabelle". The Demonologist: The Extraordinary Career of Ed and Lorraine Warren. iUniverse. pp. 39–53. ISBN 978-0-595-24618-2.
- Corey Chichizola (June 27, 2019). "Annabelle Comes Home Has A Sly Reference To The Real Doll". Cinema Blend. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- Fiduccia, Christopher (December 6, 2018). "The Evil Annabelle Doll Makes a Cameo in James Wan's Aquaman Movie". ScreenRant. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- Squires, John (April 8, 2019). "Did You Spot the Cameo Appearance from the Annabelle Doll in 'Shazam'?". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved September 24, 2019..