Dame Annabelle Rankin
|High Commissioner of Australia to New Zealand|
|Preceded by||Ted Hicks|
|Succeeded by||Brian Clarence Hill|
|Senator for Queensland|
1 July 1947 – 24 May 1971
|Succeeded by||Neville Bonner|
|Minister for Housing|
26 January 1966 – 22 March 1971
|Preceded by||Les Bury|
|Succeeded by||Kevin Cairns|
28 July 1908|
South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
30 August 1986 (aged 78)|
South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
|Relations||Colin Rankin (father)|
Dame Annabelle Jane Mary Rankin DBE (28 July 1908 – 30 August 1986) was an Australian politician and diplomat. She was the first woman from Queensland elected to parliament, the first woman federal government minister, and the first Australian woman to be appointed head of a foreign mission.
Rankin was born in Brisbane, the daughter of state MP Colin Rankin. A member of the Liberal Party, she was elected to the Senate at the 1946 federal election, taking her seat the following year. She was the second woman elected to the Senate, after Dorothy Tangney. Rankin was the Liberal Party's chief whip from 1947 to 1950 and from 1951 to 1966; she remains the longest-serving whip in the party's history, in either chamber of parliament. In 1966, she was made Minister for Housing in the Holt Government, becoming the first woman to hold a ministerial portfolio. She held that position until her retirement from politics in 1971. As High Commissioner to New Zealand from 1971 to 1974, she was the first woman to head an Australian mission overseas.
Rankin was born in Brisbane, Queensland on 28 July 1908, the daughter of Colin Dunlop Wilson Rankin (a former Member of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland) and Annabelle Davidson (née Thomson).
Rankin was elected to the Senate in the 1946 election, as a representative of the Liberal Party. Her term began on 1 July 1947. She was the first woman appointed as Opposition Whip in the Senate and, following the election of the Menzies government in 1949, also served as Government Whip in the Senate.
On 26 January 1966, Prime Minister Harold Holt appointed her Minister for Housing in his first ministry, responsible for the Department of Housing. She was the second woman to reach ministerial rank in the Federal Parliament. After 1968 she was the equal longest-serving senator, alongside Bert Hendrickson and Justin O'Byrne. She resigned from the Senate in 1971 and was made High Commissioner to New Zealand, a post she held to 1974. Following her retirement she returned to Brisbane where she continued to be involved in voluntary organisations.
Annabelle Rankin was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) on 13 June 1957 for political and public services. In 1977 Rankin was made a Life Member of the Queensland Branch of the Children's Book Council of Australia.
The Electoral Division of Rankin, which came into effect at the 1984 election, is named in her honour. The Dame Annabelle Rankin Award was inaugurated by the Queensland Branch of the Children's Book Council of Australia in her memory.
- Queensland Registrar-General of Births, Deaths & Marriages
- "Howard". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Brooklyn House" (PDF). Fraser Coast Local Heritage Register. Fraser Coast Regional Council. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- "Rankin, Annabelle Jane Mary (1908 - 1986)". The Australian Women's Register. National Foundation for Australian Women (NFAW) & University of Melbourne. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- "Rankin, Annabelle Jane Mary (1908-1986)". Australian Women. National Foundation for Australian Women. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
- "Suffrage without violence". The Canberra Times. ACT. 10 July 1968. p. 17.
- Coultheart, Lenore. "Rankin, Dame Annabelle Jane (1908–1986)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- It's an Honour
- Rankin, Annabelle Jane Mary in The Encyclopedia of Women and Leadership in Twentieth-Century Australia
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Annabelle Rankin.|
| Minister for Housing
| Australian High Commissioner to New Zealand
1971 – 1974
Brian Clarence Hill