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Annabergite - annabergit 2.jpg
Annabergite, Dobšiná, Slovakia
Category Arsenate minerals
Vivianite group
(repeating unit)
Strunz classification 8.CE.40
Crystal system Monoclinic
Crystal class Prismatic (2/m)
(same H-M symbol)
Space group C2/m
Unit cell a = 10.179(2), b = 13.309(3)
c = 4.725(1) [Å]; β = 105(1)°; Z = 2
Color Apple-green, pale green, pale rose or pale pink, white, gray; may be zoned
Crystal habit Usually as fibrous veinlets, crystalline crusts, or earthy; rare as well formed crystals
Cleavage Perfect on {010}, indistinct on {100} and {102}
Tenacity Sectile
Mohs scale hardness 1.5 – 2.5
Luster Subadamantine, pearly on cleavages, may be dull or earthy
Streak Pale green to white
Diaphaneity Transparent to translucent
Specific gravity 3.07
Optical properties Biaxial (-)
Refractive index nα = 1.622 nβ = 1.658 nγ = 1.687
Birefringence δ = 0.065
2V angle Measured: 84°
References [1][2][3]

Annabergite is an arsenate mineral consisting of a hydrous nickel arsenate, Ni3(AsO4)2·8H2O, crystallizing in the monoclinic system and isomorphous with vivianite and erythrite. Crystals are minute and capillary and rarely met with, the mineral occurring usually as soft earthy masses and encrustations. A fine apple-green colour is its characteristic feature. It was long known (since 1758) under the name nickel bloom; the name annabergite was proposed by H. J. Brooke and W H. Miller in 1852, from Annaberg in Saxony, one of the localities of the mineral. It occurs with ores of nickel, of which it is a product of alteration. A variety, from Creetown in Kirkcudbrightshire, in which a portion of the nickel is replaced by calcium, has been called dudgeonite, after P. Dudgeon, who found it.[4]

Annabergite from Lavrion (Laurium), Greece

Closely related is cabrerite wherein some of the nickel is replaced by magnesium. It is named for Sierra Cabrera in Spain where it was originally found.


  1. ^ Handbook of Mineralogy
  2. ^
  3. ^ Webmineral data
  4. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Annabergite". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 59.