Annan, Dumfries and Galloway

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Annan
Scottish Gaelic: Anainn [1]
Scots: Annan
Annan is located in Dumfries and Galloway
Annan
Annan
 Annan shown within Dumfries and Galloway
Population 8,389 [2] (2001 Census)
est. 8,480[3] (2006)
OS grid reference NY19466
Council area Dumfries and Galloway
Lieutenancy area Dumfries
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ANNAN
Postcode district DG12
Dialling code 01461
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale and Tweeddale
Scottish Parliament Dumfriesshire
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 54°58′59″N 3°15′58″W / 54.983°N 3.266°W / 54.983; -3.266

Annan, with Mote of Annan to the right
Annan River road bridge

Annan (Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Anainn) is a town and former royal burgh in Dumfries and Galloway, south-west Scotland. Its public buildings include Annan Academy, of which the writer Thomas Carlyle was a pupil, and a Georgian building now known as "Bridge House". The Town Hall was built in Victorian style in 1878, using the local sandstone. Annan also features a Historic Resources Centre. In Port Street, some of the windows remain blocked up to avoid paying the window tax.

Each year in July, Annan celebrates the Royal Charter and the boundaries of the Royal Burgh are confirmed when a mounted cavalcade undertakes the Riding of the Marches. Entertainment includes a procession, sports, field displays and massed pipe bands.

Geography[edit]

Annan stands on the River Annan—from which it is named—nearly 2 miles (3.2 km) from its mouth, accessible to vessels of 60 tons as far as Annan Bridge and 300 tons within a half-mile of the city.[4] It is 15 miles (24 km) from Dumfries by rail,[5] in the region of Dumfries and Galloway on the Solway Firth in the south of Scotland. Eastriggs is about 3 miles to the east and Gretna is about 8 miles to the east.

History[edit]

Roman remains exist nearby.[5]

Annan Castle formed the original home of the "de Brus" family, later known as the "Bruces", lords of Annandale,[5] which most famously produced Robert the Bruce. It was at Annan in December 1332 that Bruce supporters overwhelmed Balliol's forces to bring about the end of the first invasion of Scotland in the Second War of Scottish Independence. The Balliols and the Douglases were also more or less closely associated with Annan.[5]

During the period of the Border lawlessness the inhabitants suffered repeatedly at the hands of moss-troopers and through the feuds of rival families, in addition to the losses caused by the Scottish Wars of Independence.[5] During his retreat from Derby, Bonnie Prince Charlie stayed in the High Street at the inn where L'Auberge now stands.

With the river embanked, Annan served as a maritime town whose shipyards built many clippers and other boats. A cairn on the jetty commemorates Robert Burns, who worked as an exciseman here in the 1790s. Although the port is now mainly dry, a few stranded boats remain.

Annan Academy has a history that goes back to the 17th century[citation needed] and alumni including Thomas Carlyle.[5] Its current campus on St John's Road primarily dates to the 1960s.

After the Acts of Union 1707, Annan, Dumfries, Kirkcudbright, Lochmaben and Sanquhar formed the Dumfries district of burghs, returning one member between them to the House of Commons of Great Britain.[4] Annan subsequently formed a constituency of the Parliament of Scotland and the Convention of Estates. In 1871, the Dumfries Burghs had a population of 3172 and the royal burgh of Annan, 4174, governed by a provost and 14 councillors.[4] A Harbour Trust was established in 1897 to improve the port.[5]

By 1901, the population was 5805, living principally in red sandstone buildings.[5]

The train turntable was designed and developed in Annan; it can be seen today in the York Railway Museum.

Landmarks[edit]

Just outside the town, the Chapelcross nuclear power station has now shut down and is being decommissioned. The four cooling towers were demolished in 2007.

Nearby, John Maxwell, 4th Lord Herries, built Hoddom Castle (c. 1552–1565).

To the east of the town lies the settlement of Watchill and the similarly named Watchhall.

Part of the A75, between Annan and Dumfries, is reported to be haunted.[6][7]

Distillery[edit]

There are plans to re-open the distillery in Annan which last produced a Lowland Malt 90 years ago although this is still in early stages.[8]

Churches[edit]

Annan is served by several churches of different denominations, including:

There is also a local interchurch group, known as Annandale Churches Together.[11]

Economy[edit]

In the 19th century, Annan was connected to the Glasgow & Southwestern Railway, the Caledonian Railway, and the Solway Junction branch.[clarification needed][4] It exported cured hams, cattle, sheep, and grain to England; it also produced cotton goods, ropes, ships, and salmon.[4] By the First World War, it was also a center of bacon-curing, distilling, tanning, sandstone quarrying, and nursery-gardening.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Annan Bridge, a stone bridge of three arches, built between 1824 and 1827, carries road traffic over the River Annan.[5] It was designed by Robert Stevenson and built by John Lowry. There is also a railway bridge[5] and a nearby pedestrian bridge over the Annan. It is still served by the Annan railway station.

Outdoor activity[edit]

Annandale Way is a 53-mile-long walking route[12] that was opened in September 2009.[13] The route runs through Annandale, from the source of the River Annan to the sea; it passes through the town of Annan and offers interesting walking both up river and down from the town.

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-names of Scotland
  2. ^ Browser Population. Scrol.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2013-05-05.
  3. ^ Publications and Data. General Register office for Scotland.
  4. ^ a b c d e EB (1878).
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k EB (1911).
  6. ^ Cohen, Daniel; Marchesi, Stephen (1992). "The Annan Road Horrors". Railway Ghosts and Highway Horrors. London: Apple. pp. 61–66. ISBN 0-590-45423-4. 
  7. ^ rale (18 June 2010). "The Four Most Frightening Roads You Can Travel". Weird Worm. Retrieved 27 January 2011. 
  8. ^ A Sleeping Beauty Awakens, Annandale Distillery. Annandaledistillery.com. Retrieved on 2013-05-05.
  9. ^ 1
  10. ^ 2
  11. ^ "Annandale Churches Together", Annan.org.uk, retrieved 5 May 2013 .
  12. ^ Annandale Way website. Annandaleway.org. Retrieved on 2013-05-05.
  13. ^ The Long Distance Walkers Association – Annandale Way. Ldwa.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-05-05.
  14. ^ Andy Aitken in the Queen of the South club history. Qosfc.com. Retrieved on 2013-05-05.
Bibliography

External links[edit]