Annapolis, California

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Annapolis, California
Old Horicon Schoolhouse along Annapolis Road
Old Horicon Schoolhouse along Annapolis Road
Annapolis, California is located in California
Annapolis, California
Annapolis, California
Coordinates: 38°43′19″N 123°22′11″W / 38.72194°N 123.36972°W / 38.72194; -123.36972Coordinates: 38°43′19″N 123°22′11″W / 38.72194°N 123.36972°W / 38.72194; -123.36972
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySonoma
Elevation
771 ft (235 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total401
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
95412
Area code(s)707
GNIS feature ID1657935[1]

Annapolis (formerly Monti) is an unincorporated community in Sonoma County, California, United States. Annapolis is situated near the coastline of northern Sonoma County, and is 5 miles (8.0 km) north-northeast of the nearest community, Stewarts Point. Annapolis has ZIP code 95412.[2] The community is named after Annapolis Orchards, which was founded in the area in the 1880s.[3] As of 2010, Annapolis has about 401 residents.

History[edit]

The earliest non-Native settlers in the area were Americans moving into the area after the cession of California to the United States. However, extensive settlement did not occur until the early 1870s, when San Francisco developer J.C. Beatty claimed and cleared approximately 1200 acres of redwood forest for resale.[4]

In 1882, San Francisco-based Wetmore Brothers Commission Merchants purchased part of Beatty's lands and developed a commercial orchard, named "Annapolis Orchard" after their homeland, Annapolis Valley, Nova Scotia.[5] Wetmore Brothers grew fruit on its own properties, and purchased local fruit growers' produce to sell on commission. The area was known for its output of fresh and dried apples, producing then-popular varieties such as the Gravenstein and Baldwin.

The area's first post office operated between 1884 and 1888. It was called the Monti Post Office, the name a reference to the area's rugged hills. The community used the name to refer to the area during this short time.[4] In 1901, responding to the community's desire to open another post office, Wetmore Brothers worked with local fruit grower George Batt to open the Annapolis Post Office.[5] This post office operated until 2011.[6]

Redwood logging and milling served as a primary industry in the area for many years.

Features[edit]

Annapolis is a part of the Sonoma Coast AVA, and is known for its pinot noir. Many domestic and foreign winery developers have redeveloped former orchards.[7]

Annapolis is home to the Starcross Monastic Community.[8] Since 1980, the Annapolis Historical Society has maintained the 1877 Horicon Schoolhouse.[9] Kayaking, fishing, and boating are popular activities in the surrounding areas.

Education[edit]

The community has one school, Horicon School, a K-8 public school. Students who attend Horicon School are transitioned to the Point Arena Joint Union High District, and attend Point Arena High School in Point Arena, Mendocino County.

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Annapolis has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Annapolis, California
  2. ^ ZIP Code Lookup Archived June 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 594. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  4. ^ a b Rudy, Lynn Hay (2015). The Old Salt Point Township, Sonoma County, California. 2. Jenner, CA: The Hay Press. p. 205. ISBN 0971216029.
  5. ^ a b Batt, George R. (1917). "Annapolis; Its Origin". Guerneville Times. 36.
  6. ^ "Annapolis shutters its post office, town center". Santa Rosa Press Democrat. 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  7. ^ vinagency.com, Vin. "Scouting Annapolis: an abandoned apple town turns to vines | Peay Vineyards". Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  8. ^ "LeBaron: Remembering Starcross' selfless good works". Santa Rosa Press Democrat. 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  9. ^ Conroy, Bill (1986). "Saving the Old Schoolhouse: A Group of Annapolis Oldsters Bring the Old-time Schoolhouse Back to Life". Ridge Review. 6 (2): 32–34.
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Annapolis, California