This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Birth name||Roshanara Khan|
23 April 1927|
Maihar, Central India Agency, British India
|Genres||Hindustani classical music|
|Associated acts||Alauddin Khan, Ali Akbar Khan, Ravi Shankar|
Annapurna Devi (popular name, given by former Mahraja Brijnath Singh of former Mehar Estate (M.P.)) (born Roshanara Khan on 23 April 1927), is an Indian surbahar (bass sitar) player of Hindustani Classical Music. She is the daughter and disciple of Allauddin Khan, the founder of Maihar gharana, and from 1941 to 1962 was married to sitar maestro Ravi Shankar, also one of her father's disciples. She gave up public performances to save her marriage with Ravi Shankar, but he divorced her and went to USA in 1962. After her divorce, she never performed again in public. She moved to Mumbai, became a recluse[clarification needed] and started teaching. Over the years she has had notable disciples: Hariprasad Chaurasia, Nityanand Haldipur, Nikhil Banerjee, Amit Bhattacharya, Pradeep Barot and Saswatti Saha (Sitar).
Early life and family
Annapurna Devi was born on the occasion of chaiti purnima, 16 April 1927 at Maihar, a small princely state of British India (now a part of Madhya Pradesh state of India), where her father Alauddin Khan was a royal court musician at the court of Maharaja Brijnath Singh, who named the newborn girl 'Annapurna'.
Devi's father Khan, founder of the "Senia Maihar gharana" or "Senia Maihar School" of Hindustani classical music, was a noted musician and guru of Indian classical music. Her uncles, Fakir Aftabuddin Khan and Ayet Ali Khan, were noted musicians at their native place Shibpur, in the present-day Bangladesh. Her brother Ali Akbar Khan was a legendary Sarod maestro and was considered a "national living treasure" in India and the USA. Her former husband, virtuoso Sitar maestro Ravi Shankar, was famous internationally as an Indian classical musician. Their son, Shubhendra Shankar, also performed as a musician.
At the age of 14 she married Ravi Shankar (former name Robindra Shankar Choudhary, which he changed in 1940) in a marriage probably arranged by Ravi's elder brother Uday Shankar; Ravi was 21 years old.  The marriage lasted more than two decades, until they divorced in 1962 and Ravi moved to the United States with Kamla Shastri, a musician and long-time lover.
In 1982 she married Rooshikumar Pandya, a well known communication expert and lover of music, who was a successful sitarist in USA and a former disciple of Ravi Shankar and Ali Akbar Khan. Rooshikumar married Annapurna on 9 December 1982, after proposing to her while she was 55 years old and he 42 years of age. Annapurna accepted his proposal after some reluctance, as she said she did not want to be hurt again in marriage. Rooshikumar was learning sitar from her since 1973, at the recommendation of her brother, Ali Akbar Khan, when he was invited to India by Indo-American Society to deliver lectures in Executive Seminars. He died in 2013 suddenly of a cardiac arrest at the age of 73. 
Annapurna Devi became a very accomplished surbahar (bass sitar) player of the Maihar gharana (school) within a few years of starting to take music lessons from her father Alauddin Khan. She started guiding many of her father's disciples, including Nikhil Banerjee and Bahadur Khan, in classical music as well as in the techniques and intricacies of instrumental performances. In 1941, age 14, she married one of her father's talented students, Ravi Shankar. She converted to Hinduism upon marriage. 
In the 1950s, Ravi Shankar and Annapurna Devi performed duets in Delhi and Calcutta, principally at the college of her brother, Ali Akbar Khan. But later, Shankar started getting insecure, since she used to be applauded in concerts more than he was, and she thereafter decided not to perform publicly.
Devi and Shankar's son, Shubhendra Shankar (1942–1992), (or "Subho", as he was popularly known) received rigorous training in sitar under her tutelage, until his father chose to interrupt his musical talim or training and took him to the United States. Shubhendra died at an early age, after a marriage and the birth of three children. Shubhendra did not have a solo career in classical music, but did for a period accompany his illustrious father Ravi Shankar in concerts in the USA and abroad.
This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (December 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Notable mentions among her students would be her nephew sarod player Aashish Khan Debsharma; flautists Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia and Nityanand Haldipur; sitarist Nikhil Banerjee, Chandrakant Sardeshmukh, and sarodists Pradeep Barot and Amit Bhattacharya.
She is also the key figure of Acharya Alauddin Music Circle (an association in the memory of the late Alauddin Khan for promoting Indian classical music), in Mumbai.
- 1977, she received the Padma Bhushan (India's third highest civilian honour).
- 1991, she received the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (the highest Indian honour in performing arts).
- 1999, the Deshikottam, an honorary doctorate degree by Nobel laureate poet Rabindranath Tagore's Visva-Bharati University.
- In 2004, the Sangeet Natak Akademi, the Government of India's highest organisation for promoting music and other fine arts, appointed her a "Ratna" or jewel fellow (a lifetime honour).
She has not recorded any music albums. Some of her performances are reported to have been secretly taped. In spite of Devi's avoidance of media-limelight, she continues to be thought of as a classical instrumentalist of the highest calibre in India.
- ""Chaiti Poornima of 1927 April 16th"".
- Kumar, Ranee (18 August 2011). "Rich legacy remembered". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
- Lavezzoli, Peter (2006). The Dawn of Indian Music in the West. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 52. ISBN 0-8264-1815-5.
- Shuansu Khurana (16 May 2010). "Notes from behind a locked door". Indian Express.
- "Unveiling the mystique of a reclusive artiste", The Hindu - 28 June 2005
- Ray Chowdhury, Tathagata (January 26, 2015). "Bansuri innovator ignored in city". The Times of India. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- https://superaalifragilistic.wordpress.com/2012/12/17/the-tragedy-of-a-relationship/. Missing or empty
- [www.bigbridge.org An Unheard Melody - Book review by Louise Landes Levi]http://www.bigbridge.org/BB15/2011_BB_15_FEATURES/Annapurna_Devi/APD.pdf
- ^ Unveiling the Mystique of a Reclusive Artiste, Jaya Ramanathan, The Hindu, 28 June 2005.
- ^ Swapan Kumar Bondyopadhyay: An Unheard Melody: Annapurna Devi – an Authorised Biography, Roli, New Delhi, 2005. ISBN 81-7436-399-8.
- "Notes from behind a locked door ( A rare interview)". Indian Express. 16 May 2010.
- "Annapurna Devi and Ravi Shankar: The tragedy of a relationship". September 2000 issue of Man's World. Archived from the original on 16 December 2012.
- "Raviji never left her". Times of India, Priyanka Dasgupta, 27 Aug 2008.
- Annapurna Devi's music, Source: The Vijaya Parrikar Library of Indian Classical Music
- Annapurna Devi by Mohan Nadkarni
- Review of An Unheard Melody - Authorized biography of Annapurna Devi by Swapan Kumar Bondyapadhyay