Anne (1799 ship)
|Name:||Nostra Senora da Luzet Santa Anna|
|Name:||Anne or Ann|
|Owner:||Princep and Saunders|
|Tons burthen:||384 (bm)|
Anne, also known as Ann, was an 18th Century Spanish sailing ship that the British had captured in 1799. The British Navy Board engaged her to transport convicts from Cork in Ireland to the penal colony of New South Wales in Australia for one voyage from 1800 to 1801. During this voyage she was possibly present, although she did not participate, in a notable action against a squadron of three French frigates. She then made one voyage for the British East India Company (EIC).
Anne was Spanish-built in the 1790s., She was originally named Nostra Senora da Luzet Santa Anna, or Luz St Anne or Luz St Anna. In 1799 she was captured at sea by the 44-gun HMS Dover during the French Revolutionary Wars and taken to England for sale into private hands. The London Gazette reported that the armed transports Dover and Cecilia captured Nostra Senora da Luzet Santa Anna in 1799.
Voyage to Australia
On 9 April 1799, the Navy Board engaged the renamed Anne and licensed her in London for a single voyage transporting convicts. Her master was James Stewart. For security she was provided with 12 ship's guns and manned by a crew of 42, including additional seamen to act as guards. The British War Office declined a request for a detachment of Marines, citing the burden created by the ongoing war with France.
A little over a month later, on 29 July, Stewart and Anne 's crew suppressed a mutiny. After consulting with his officers, Stewart had the ringleader of the uprising shot, and another man subjected to 250 lashes. In the affray one convict was killed and some others were wounded. Later, a Vice-Admiralty Court would try Stewart and the Chief Mate, and honourably acquit them.
Anne was one of the vessels in the convoy at the action on 4 August when HMS Belliqueux and the East Indiaman Exeter captured the French frigates Concorde and Médée. A squadron of three French frigates had attacked the convoy of East Indiamen that Anne was accompanying, only to suffer an embarrasing defeat.
Anne arrived at Rio de Janeiro on 22 August. Lloyd's List reported in January 1801 that the Botany Bay ship Ann had been at Rio de Janeiro, having sailed in company with several ships of the East India Company.
Anne left Port Jackson on 9 July supposedly bound for China.
East India Company
Ann [sic] made one voyage for the EIC. Under Captain James Stewart's command she was at Calcutta 19 November 1801. On 1 January 1802 she passed Saugor and reached St Helena on 20 April. She arrived at Gravesend on 25 June.
The National Archives reports that she made a second voyage for the EIC some years later. However records of British letters of marque show this Ann as a ship of 627 tons burthen (bm). Actually, the vessel appears to be the Ann that transported convicts in 1809-10, and for her return trip carried cargo for the EIC from Calcutta to Britian (1810-11).
- Bateson 1959, pp. 158 - 160
- Bateson 1959, p. 288
- The London Gazette: . 10 December 1799.
- Bateson 1959, p. 326
- Free Settler or Felon? Convict Ship Anne 1801, - accessed 21 March 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 13 January 1801.
- Lloyd's List, 16 January 1801 - accessed 11 November 2013.
- "Arrival of Vessels at Port Jackson, and their Departure". Australian Town and Country Journal, Saturday 3 January 1891, p.16. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- National Archives - Ann (2), - accessed 21 March 2015.
- "Register of Letters of Marque against France 1793-1815". - accessed 11 June 2011.