Anne Applebaum

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Anne Applebaum
Anne Elizabeth Applebaum.jpg
Born Anne Elizabeth Applebaum[1]
(1964-07-25) July 25, 1964 (age 52)[2]
Washington, D.C.
Residence Warsaw, Poland
Nationality American, Polish
Education B.A. 1986 (summa cum laude)
MSc, 1987
Alma mater Yale University
London School of Economics
St. Antony's College, Oxford
Occupation Journalist
Author
Known for Writings on former Soviet Union and its satellite countries
Home town Washington, D.C.
Spouse(s) Radosław Sikorski (m. June 27, 1992)
Children Aleksander, Tadeusz
Website Anne Applebaum
Notes

Anne Elizabeth Applebaum (born July 25, 1964) is an American-born, naturalised Polish journalist and Pulitzer Prize–winning author who has written extensively about communism and the development of civil society in Central and Eastern Europe. She is the director of the Transitions Forum at the Legatum Institute in London. She has also been an editor at The Economist, and a member of the editorial board of The Washington Post (2002–2006).

Early life[edit]

Applebaum was born in Washington, D.C. Her parents are Harvey M. Applebaum, a partner in the Covington and Burling law firm, and Elizabeth (Bloom) Applebaum, of the Corcoran Gallery of Art. Applebaum has stated that she was brought up in a "very reformed" Jewish family.[4] She graduated from the Sidwell Friends School (1982). She earned a BA (summa cum laude) at Yale University (1986), where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. As a Marshall Scholar at the London School of Economics she earned a master's degree in international relations (1987).[5] She studied at St Antony's College, Oxford before moving to Warsaw, Poland, in 1988 as a correspondent for The Economist.[6]

Career[edit]

Applebaum was an editor at The Spectator, and a columnist for both The Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph. She also wrote for The Independent. Working for The Economist, she provided coverage of important social and political transitions in Eastern Europe, both before and after the Fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. In 1992, she was awarded the Charles Douglas-Home Memorial Trust Award.[7]

Applebaum lived in London and Warsaw during the 1990s and was, for several years, a columnist for London's Evening Standard newspaper. She wrote about both foreign and domestic policy issues.

Applebaum's first book, Between East and West, is a travelogue, and was awarded an Adolph Bentinck Prize in 1996.[8] Gulag: A History (2003), on the Soviet prison system, was awarded the 2004 Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction writing.[8][9][10] Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944–56, was published in 2012 by Doubleday in the USA and Allen Lane in the UK; it was shortlisted for the 2013 PEN/John Kenneth Galbraith Award.[11] Applebaum has also been a vocal critic of Communist regimes more broadly, commenting "Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin, Mao, Ceausescu, Ho Chi Minh, Pol Pot, Salvador Allende, Mengistu, Castro, Kim Il-sung: the list of murderous communist leaders is long, diverse and profoundly multicultural."[12]

On May 24, 2006, she wrote that she was leaving Washington to live again in Poland.[13]

Applebaum was a George Herbert Walker Bush/Axel Springer Fellow at the American Academy in Berlin, Germany, in 2006.[14] Applebaum was also an adjunct fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, a think tank.[15]

In a blog post in September 2009, Applebaum called the arrest of film director Roman Polanski in Switzerland "outrageous" (Polanski was a fugitive from justice, having fled the United States some 36 years earlier after being convicted of sexually abusing a thirteen-year-old).[16] Applebaum's stance was criticized by commentators Glenn Greenwald, Katha Pollitt, and Jillian York, who claimed that Applebaum had minimized Polanski's crimes and faulted her for not disclosing that her husband Radosław Sikorski, then the foreign minister of Poland, was appealing to U.S. authorities to seek Polanski's release.[17][18][19] Applebaum responded in a second blog post that she had previously disclosed her husband's job, was not a spokesman for him, and "had no idea that the Polish government would or could lobby for Polanski's release."[20]

In February 2008, she was awarded the Estonian Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, third class.[21] In 2010, she was given the Hungarian Petőfi Prize in Budapest's House of Terror Museum.[22]

In the 2012–2013 academic year, she was the LSE IDEAS Philippe Roman Chair in History and International Affairs at the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Since 2011, she is the director of the Transitions Forum at the Legatum Institute, an international think tank and educational charity based in London.

2014 Crimean crisis[edit]

On February 21, 2014, Applebaum wrote in the Daily Telegraph, documenting the breakdown in law and order in Ukraine over the previous fortnight. She concluded that it "is not a war, or even a conflict which either side can win with weapons. It will have to be solved through negotiations, elections, political debate; by civic organisations, political parties and political leaders, both charismatic and otherwise; with the participation of other European states and Ukraine's other neighbours."[23]

Applebaum has been a vocal critic of Western conduct regarding the 2014 Crimean crisis. In an article in the Washington Post on March 5, she maintained that the US and its allies should not continue to enable "the existence of a corrupt Russian regime that is destabilizing Europe," noting that the actions of Putin had violated "a series of international treaties."[24]

On March 7, in another article in the Telegraph discussing an information war, Applebaum argued that "a robust campaign to tell the truth about Crimea is needed to counter Moscow's lies."[25] At the end of August she asked whether Ukraine should prepare for "total war" with Russia and whether central Europeans should join them.[26]

Affiliations[edit]

Applebaum is a member of the Council on Foreign relations.[27] and the Institute for War and Peace Reporting's International Board of Directors.[28] She is a Senior Adjunct Fellow at the Center for European Policy Analysis (CEPA) where she co-leads a major initiative aimed at countering Russian disinformation in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE).[29] She is on the editorial board for the American Interest [30] and the Journal of Democracy.[31]

Personal life[edit]

Applebaum married former Polish Foreign Minister Radosław Sikorski in 1992. They have two sons: Alexander and Tadeusz.[32] She became a Polish citizen in 2013.[33] She is proficient in French, Polish[34] and Russian.[35]

Awards and honors[edit]

Published works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WEDDINGS; Anne Applebaum, Radek Sikorski". The New York Times. June 28, 1992. 
  2. ^ Petrone, Justine. "Interview with Anne Applebaum". City Paper. BALTIC NEWS LTD. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 
  3. ^ "Anne Applebaum". Contemporary Authors Online (updated November 30, 2005. ed.). Farmington Hills, Michigan: Gale. 2008 [2006]. H1000119613. Archived from the original on January 12, 2001. Retrieved 2009-04-14.  Reproduced in Biography Resource Center.
  4. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/weekend/week-s-end/through-a-communist-looking-glass-then-and-now.premium-1.491882
  5. ^ "Anne E. Applebaum to Wed in June". The New York Times. December 8, 1991. Retrieved 2008-04-23. ... is a summa cum laude graduate of Yale University, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. 
  6. ^ "Anne Applebaum". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 
  7. ^ "Anne Applebaum biography". The Washington Post Company. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "From concentration camps to cotton". Idaho Mountain express and guide. Express publishing inc. March 25, 2005. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 
  9. ^ "'The Known World' Wins Pulitzer Prize for Fiction". The New York Times. April 5, 2004. 
  10. ^ "The 2004 Pulitzer Prize Winners General Nonfiction". Archived from the original on October 2, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 
  11. ^ http://www.pen.org/literature/2013-penjohn-kenneth-galbraith-award
  12. ^ Applebaum, Anne (2 July 2003). "Why the reds flagged". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 September 2015. 
  13. ^ So Long, Washington (for Now) by Anne Applebaum, The Washington Post, 2006-05-24. Retrieved 2008-04-23
  14. ^ "Participants of the International Bertelsmann Forum 2006". bertelsmann-stiftung.de. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  15. ^ Leonard, Brooke (May 8, 2008). "Turning Abkhazia into a War". National Interest. New York City. Archived from the original on January 13, 2009. Retrieved 2008-12-31. 
  16. ^ Anne Applebaum, September 27, 2009, The Outrageous Arrest of Roman Polanski. Retrieved on 2009-10-06.
  17. ^ Glenn Greenwald Post editors should read their own columnists. salon.com, October 1, 2009. Retrieved on October 6, 2009.
  18. ^ Katha Pollitt, "What's with these friends of a rapist?". Chicago Tribune, October 2, 2009. Retrieved October 6, 2009
  19. ^ Jillian York, The Huffington Post', October 1, 2009, Anne Applebaum, Child Rape Apologist?. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
  20. ^ Anne Applebaum, September 29, 2009, Reaction to Roman Polanski. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
  21. ^ President Ilves participated in the celebration of Poland's 90th anniversary, Office of the president of Estonia, November 11, 2008 
  22. ^ "Anne Applebaum Receives Petőfi Prize". US Embassy,Budapest, Hungary. December 14, 2010. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  23. ^ telegraph.co.uk: "The pictures from Kiev don't tell the whole story" 21 Feb 2014
  24. ^ washingtonpost.com: "Russia's Western enablers" March 5, 2014
  25. ^ telegraph.co.uk: "Russia’s information warriors are on the march – we must respond" 7 Mar 2014
  26. ^ Applebaum, Anne (29 August 2014). "War in Europe". Slate. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  27. ^ "http://www.cfr.org/about/membership/roster.html". Council for Foreign Relations. Retrieved 15 September 2016.  External link in |title= (help)
  28. ^ "https://iwpr.net/about". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. Retrieved 18 June 2015.  External link in |title= (help)
  29. ^ "http://cepa.org/anne-aplebaum". Center for European Policy Analysis. Retrieved 15 September 2016.  External link in |title= (help)
  30. ^ "http://www.the-american-interest.com/masthead/". The a=American Interest. Retrieved 15 September 2016.  External link in |title= (help)
  31. ^ "http://www.journalofdemocracy.org/about/editorial-board-and-staff". Journal Of Democracy. Retrieved 15 September 2016.  External link in |title= (help)
  32. ^ "Minister of Foreign Affairs Radosław Sikorski". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland. April 23, 2008. Archived from the original on April 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-23. Radosław Sikorski is married to journalist and writer Anne Sikorska, who won the 2004 Pulitzer prize for her book "Gulag: A History". They have two sons: Aleksander and Tadeusz. 
  33. ^ "Anne Applebaum. Żona Radosława Sikorskiego to dziś jedna z najbardziej wpływowych Polek". Times of Polska. 2013-08-31. Retrieved 2013-08-31. Anne Applebaum jest już pełnoprawną Polką. 
  34. ^ Video of interview with Anne Applebaum, in Polish, streaming video available from TVN [1]
  35. ^ Video on YouTube
  36. ^ "The Pulitzer Prizes General Nonfiction". Pulitzer Prize. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  37. ^ "National Book Award Finalists Announced Today". Library Journal. October 10, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  38. ^ Press Release (21 November 2013). "Ann Applebaum wins 2013 Cundill Prize". McGill University. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]