Anne Hidalgo

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Anne Hidalgo
Anne Hidalgo, février 2014.jpg
Mayor of Paris
Assumed office
5 April 2014
Deputy Bruno Julliard
Preceded by Bertrand Delanoë
Deputy Mayor of Paris
In office
18 March 2001 – 5 April 2014
Mayor Bertrand Delanoë
Preceded by Jacques Dominati
Succeeded by Bruno Julliard
Personal details
Born Ana Maria Hidalgo
(1959-06-19) 19 June 1959 (age 59)
San Fernando, Spain
Citizenship French
Political party Socialist Party

First husband (div.)

Children 3
Residence Hôtel de Ville
Alma mater Jean Moulin University Lyon 3

Ana María "Anne" Hidalgo Aleu (French pronunciation: ​[an idalgo]; born 19 June 1959) is a Spanish-French politician serving as Mayor of Paris since the 2014 municipal election. She is the first woman to hold the office.

A member of the Socialist Party since 1994, she was the First Deputy Mayor of Paris under Bertrand Delanoë (2001–2014), holding the title of Paris City Councillor from the 15th arrondissement since 9 March 2001.[2] On 22 January 2016, she was elected First Vice President of the Métropole du Grand Paris ex officio to her mayoral position.


Family background and youth[edit]

Hidalgo was born in San Fernando, near Cádiz, in Andalusia, Spain.[1] Her paternal grandfather was a Spanish Socialist who became a refugee in France after the end of the Spanish Civil War along with his wife and his four children. However, her grandparents returned to Spain some time later. Her grandmother died on the return trip whilst her grandfather was sentenced to death, although this was eventually commuted to a life sentence.

Hidalgo's father, Antoine Hidalgo was raised by his maternal grandparents.[3] He was an electrician.[1] In the late 1950s, he married a seamstress named Maria;[1] they had two daughters, Ana (Anne) and María (Marie). However, due to the difficult economic climate in Spain during this period, Hidalgo's parents migrated, this time as economic immigrants, to France.[4] They settled in Lyon in 1961, with their two daughters.

She grew up in Vaise, the ninth district of Lyon, speaking Spanish with her parents and French with her sister. Her parents are now back in Spain[4] while her elder sister, Marie, manages a company in Los Angeles.

Hidalgo became a French citizen at the age of fourteen;[1] she is also a Spanish citizen.[1]

She is naturalized French with her parents on July 25, 1973, at the age of 14. She regained in 2003 Spanish nationality and since then has dual French-Spanish nationality. She is fluent in Spanish, French, and English


Hidalgo graduated with a Master degree in social work at Jean Moulin University Lyon 3[5] before completing a Master of Advanced Studies (DEA) in social and trade unionism at Paris West University Nanterre La Défense. The mother of three children, she is divorced and has remarried.

In 1982, she entered the national contest for the Labour Inspectorate, ranking 5th. In 1984, she won her first post in the Inspection du travail representing the 15th arrondissement of Paris. She retired from the civil service in July 2011, aged 52.[6]

Professional career[edit]

  • 1984-1993: Inspection du travail, France
  • 1993-1995: Delegation for professional training, Department of Labour, France
  • 1995-1996: Mission to the International Labour Office, Geneva
  • 1996-1997: Officer at the Human Resources Directorate, Compagnie Générale des Eaux (then Vivendi and Vivendi Universal)

Political career[edit]

Hidalgo served in three cabinets under the Jospin Government :

  • From 1997 to 1998: as adviser to the cabinet office of Martine Aubry, Minister of Employment and Solidarity;
  • From 1998 to 2000: as technical adviser then consultant to the cabinet office of Nicole Pery, Secretary of State for Women's Rights and Vocational Training;
  • From November 2000 to May 2002: as technical adviser (and officer) to the cabinet office of Marylise Lebranchu, Minister of Justice (responsible for social relations and status of officials).

In the 2001 municipal elections, she led the list of the Socialist Party (PS) in the 15th arrondissement of Paris, which won 26.5% of votes in the first round then was at the second round behind the list gathered around Édouard Balladur and Mayor René Galy-Dejean. She joined the Conseil de Paris and was appointed First Deputy Mayor of Paris.

In June 2002, she was a candidate in the parliamentary elections for the 12th arrondissement of Paris, winning 29.6% of votes in the first round, but Balladur was elected with 54.2% of the vote.

In March 2004, she was elected to the Conseil régional d'Île-de-France on the list of Jean-Paul Huchon.

As part of the internal campaign for the nomination of the Socialist candidate in 2006, she publicly supported Dominique Strauss-Kahn, while remaining close to Lionel Jospin and Bertrand Delanoë. With other female leaders of the Socialist Party, she criticized the "peoplelisation" of politics, referring to the promotion of Ségolène Royal as a popularist widely-identifiable member of the Socialist Party, rather than a classical hardline Marxist.

In June 2007, she was a candidate at the legislative elections for the 13th arrondissement of Paris and had in the first round 28.2%, against 36.6% for the UMP candidate Jean-François Lamour, and was beaten on the second round with 56.7% for Lamour.

Political views[edit]


On 21 December 2005, in the debates on DADVSI, she took a public stand against the amendments of the Socialist Group introducing the "global licence" to download online material. On 26 December, she signed with Christophe Girard, Deputy Mayor of Paris responsible for Culture, a view published in the newspaper Le Monde defending her position on behalf of cultural diversity which would be threatened by the "global licence."[7] Some people contend that she was in fact defending the interests of Vivendi Universal, the music and film company which employed her a few years earlier.

On 3 January 2006, she presented with François Adibi and the Socialist Party's Culture Section a report and new recommendations "for a fair solution", rejecting both the DRM (Digital Rights Management) and the "global licence." She was later ostracised by the PS leadership which chose to defend in the National Assembly the "global licence" advocated by Patrick Bloche (Paris), Didier Mathus (Saône-et-Loire) and Christian Paul (Nièvre).

Anti-cult fight[edit]

In 2005, Hidalgo took a stand in the debate on cults in France, becoming the president of a committee of vigilance against the cults at the Council of Paris. She was especially opposed to the Church of Scientology and New Acropolis, and participated in a demonstration in front of the Church of Scientology's premises.[8][9] A map of cults in Paris, created by the Mairie de Paris at that time and promoted by Anne Hidalgo, was controversial[10] and Hidalgo filed a complaint against an unknown person for circulating a leaflet on the Internet signed by a "committee to support Anne Hidalgo", which requested denunciation of "non-compliant behaviours."[9] Anne Hidalgo denies any link with this supposed support committee. A complaint that she brought against the head of the organization that circulated the leaflet was later dismissed.[11]

Air pollution[edit]

From May 2016, in order to combat air pollution in the city, Hidalgo oversaw the introduction of a scheme called "Paris Respire" (literally "Paris Breathes"), which included banning all cars from certain areas of Paris on the first Sunday of the month, as well as making public transport and the city's bicycle and electric vehicle schemes free for the day.[12][13] She also worked further to reduce car usage, with an increase in the price of parking meters, a ban on free parking on certain days, and the conversion of certain sections of a highway along the River Seine into a riverside park.[14]

She has also proposed a ban on diesel motors in Paris streets,[15] and has promised to have a 24/7 service for the Paris Métro.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

She has a daughter and a son from her first marriage, both grown up.

She resides in the 15th arrondissement of Paris with her second husband Jean-Marc Germain, a Socialist Member of Parliament, and their son.[1]

Despite having a Catholic education, Hidalgo is an outspoken atheist.[16][17][18]

She is fluent in Castilian, French, and English.


Isabella the Catholic insignia


  • Une femme dans l'arène, published in June 2006, Le Rocher editions, co-written with Jean-Bernard Senon, preface by Bertrand Delanoë ISBN 2268059618
  • Travail au bord de la crise de nerfs, published in October, 2010, co-written with Jean-Bernard Senon ISBN 2081245221


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Jérôme Bonnet, 'To be Mayor is to work 24 hours a day', FT Weekend Magazine (Financial Times supplement), February 28/March 1, 2015, pp. 18-21
  2. ^ "La nouvelle vie d'Anne Hidalgo" (in French). Le Parisien. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  3. ^ "- Person Page 55333". Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Una gaditana en la alcaldía de París" (in Spanish). El País. 1 April 2001. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
  5. ^ "Biographie Anne Hidalgo". Retrieved 2017-12-19.
  6. ^ Anne Hidalgo, 53 ans, retraitée depuis juillet 2011, Atlantico, 9 avril 2013.
  7. ^ Anne Hidalgo and Christophe Girard (2005-12-27). "Coup dur pour la création" (in French). Le Monde. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  8. ^ "Il faut en finir avec la secte de la Scientologie" (in French). Anne Hidalgo. Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  9. ^ a b "Manifestation contre la Scientologie" (in French). Nouvel Observateur, 11 October 2005. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  10. ^ "Sectes à Paris : protestation de la Scientologie et de Nouvelle Acropole" (in French). Sectes-infos. Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  11. ^ "Anne Hidalgo déboutée par la 17ème Chambre correctionnelle" (in French). Coordiap. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  12. ^ Anzilotti, Eillie (2016-04-29). "Starting May 8, Sundays on the Champs Elysées Will Be a Car-Free Experience". CityLab. Retrieved 2016-12-12.
  13. ^ "Paris Respire" (in French). Retrieved 2016-12-12.
  14. ^ "Paris imposes driving restrictions, plans clunker ban as smog hits highs". Reuters. 2016-12-08. Retrieved 2016-12-12.
  15. ^ "Paris ban on Diesel". Associated Press. Feb 9, 2015. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  16. ^ Le Mone: "Anne Hidalgo, première dame" Par Béatrice Gurrey 04.04.2014| "Pour cette athée farouche, fille de républicains espagnols, élevée dans la religion catholique, la Terre sainte est devenue familière"
  17. ^ Atlantico: "Quand Anne Hidalgo s'essaie à l'anglais pour critiquer Donald Trump, c'est...très gênant" 13 Mai 2016
  18. ^ « À Cadix, Hidalgo soigne son image en pensant à 2014 », Le Figaro, mis en ligne le 28 septembre 2012
  19. ^ "Anne Hidalgo décorée par le roi d'Espagne" (in French). Le Parisien. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  20. ^ "Légion d'honneur : Simone Veil, Juliette Gréco, Michel Blanc au menu de la promotion 2012". Le Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  21. ^ "Ambassadeur de Suède on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  22. ^ Paris Mayor awarded with Yerevan Mayor Gold Medal

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Bertrand Delanoë
Mayor of Paris
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bertrand Delanoë
Socialist Party Nominee for Mayor of Paris
2014 (won)
Most recent