|17th Virginia Secretary of Education|
January 11, 2014 – July 25, 2016
|Preceded by||Javaid Siddiqi|
|Succeeded by||Dietra Trent|
|First Lady of Virginia|
January 14, 2006 – January 16, 2010
|Preceded by||Lisa Collis|
|Succeeded by||Maureen McDonnell|
|Second Lady of Virginia|
January 12, 2002 – January 14, 2006
|Preceded by||Margaret Hager|
|Succeeded by||Jean Bolling|
|First Lady of Richmond|
July 1, 1998 – September 10, 2001
|Preceded by||Keys Chavis|
|Born||Anne Bright Holton
February 1, 1958
Roanoke, Virginia, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Tim Kaine (m. 1984)|
|Alma mater||Princeton University (B.A.)
Harvard University (J.D.)
She is the wife of United States Senator and former Virginia Governor Tim Kaine, who was the vice-presidential running mate of Hillary Clinton in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Holton served as First Lady of Virginia from 2006 to 2010.
Born in Roanoke, Virginia, Holton is the daughter of Virginia Harrison "Jinks" (Rogers) and A. Linwood Holton, Jr., a lawyer and Republican Party politician. Her paternal grandfather was an executive at a small coal-hauling railroad. As a child, Holton started a club dedicated to service and good deeds. In 1969, her father was elected as governor of Virginia, serving from 1970 to 1974.
When her father became governor, he first enrolled Holton in a prestigious grade school. In response to a federal court decision desegregating Richmond Public Schools, she and her siblings attended predominantly black schools, including Mosby Middle School, near the Virginia Executive Mansion. Holton graduated from Open High School.
Education, marriage and children
Holton graduated magna cum laude from Princeton University with a degree from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs in 1980. Sarah Brown, At Princeton, Holton was a member of Colonial Club.
Holton then attended Harvard Law School, where she met her future husband, Tim Kaine. The future couple met as students in a legal assistance program focusing on prisoners' civil rights. While a law student, Holton also served on the Mental Health Legal Advisors Committee. Both Holton and Kaine earned their law degrees from Harvard in 1983.
They married in November 1984 at a Roman Catholic church in Richmond. Holton decided to keep her maiden name, a decision Kaine supported. They moved to the North Side neighborhood of Richmond, where they have lived ever since. The couple has three children: Nat (b. 1990), Woody (b. 1992), and Annella (b. 1995). Nat is a United States Marine, Woody is an artist, and Annella is a theater student.
Law clerk and legal aid attorney
Following graduation from law school, Holton served as a law clerk for Judge Robert R. Merhige, Jr. of the Richmond-based United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. From 1985 to 1998, she worked as an attorney for the Central Virginia Legal Aid Society, where she helped create an award-winning volunteer lawyers' program in Richmond.
In the mid-1990s, Holton occasionally served as a substitute judge for the Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court for the City of Richmond. When the court expanded to a fifth permanent judgeship, Holton applied and was appointed. Holton was sworn in as a judge on June 30, 1998, one day before Kaine was sworn in as mayor. Holton served as chief judge of the court.
Holton administered the oath of office at her husband's inauguration as Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. Holton was not allowed to participate in her husband's campaign for governor in 2005 because of her position as a judge. Holton resigned from the bench following her husband's election as governor in 2005.
First Lady of Virginia
Following Thomas Jefferson's daughter, Martha Jefferson Randolph, Holton is the second daughter of a Virginia Governor to become First Lady of Virginia. Holton is the only person to live in the Virginia Governor's Mansion as a child and as an adult.
As First Lady, she launched the "For Keeps: Families for all Virginia Teens" initiative in January 2007. The initiative focused on finding stable families willing to take in Virginia children in foster care, especially older or difficult-to-place children. In doing so she said was motivated by an urge to fix some of the problems she had witnessed in the foster care system during her stint as a judge in the juvenile court.
Education Secretary of Virginia
After Kaine's term as governor ended, Holton served as director of the Great Expectations program, an initiative that helped foster children attend schools in the Virginia Community College System. In 2014, Virginia governor-elect Terry McAuliffe appointed Holton to be the state's Education Secretary.
As Education Secretary, Holton wrote in 2015 that high-stakes testing in Virginia resulted in "teaching to the test" and made it difficult to attract good teachers to low-income schools. Holton opposed the expansion of charter schools in the state, and supported increases in teacher pay and changes to the state's high school curriculum. She said she supported increased professional development for teachers. She also indicated her support for McAulifffe's 2016 legislative proposals to change high school graduation requirements and focus on early college courses and industry credentials.
Holton resigned as Education Secretary on July 25, 2016, in order to focus on her husband's campaign for vice president. In a statement, McAuliffe praised Holton's work and announced Deputy Secretary of Education Dietra Trent as her successor.
Civic involvements and personal life
Holton sits on numerous boards, including Voices of Virginia's Children, Richmond Public Schools Education Foundation, and the Advisory Board of Youth-Nex, the University of Virginia Center to Promote Effective Youth Development at the Curry School of Education. She has also been active in school PTAs.
Following the selection of her husband as Hillary Clinton's running mate, Holton began traveling the country campaigning for the 2016 Democratic ticket. Immediately after the 2016 Democratic National Convention, Holton joined Clinton and Kaine on a bus trip through Pennsylvania and Ohio. She continued campaigning, sometimes appearing with her husband and sometimes alone, in several states. Holton has discussed policy surrounding childcare and initiatives for small businesses when campaigning.
Awards and honors
Holton has received awards and honors, including the Metropolitan Richmond Women's Bar Association's Women of Achievement Award (1995), the YWCA of Richmond's Outstanding Woman of the Year in Law award (2006), and the Annie E. Casey Foundation's Life Award of Distinction.
- "A. Linwood Holton (1923– )". Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. 2014.
- "Linwood Holton". National Governors Association. 2015. Retrieved Jul 23, 2016.
- Hershman, James H., Jr. (March 24, 2014). "A. Linwood Holton (1923– )". Encyclopedia of Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- Jason Horwitz, For Anne Holton, Tim Kaine's Wife, Elite Circles Are Old Turf, New York Times (August 5, 2016).
- Craig, Tim (September 13, 2008). "Virginia Politics Blog-Linwood Holton to Campaign For Obama". The Washington Post. Retrieved Jul 23, 2016.
- "McAuliffe picks Anne Holton for education secretary". Washington Post. January 3, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- Louis Llovio, Anne Holton, wife of Tim Kaine, steps down as Va. secretary of education, Richmond Times-Dispatch (July 26, 2016).
- Kapsidelis, Karin (April 3, 2013). "History professor Woody Holton leaves UR for USC". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved Jul 23, 2016.
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- Sarah Brown, "Holton '80 no stranger to political spotlight", Daily Princetonian (December 7, 2005).
- Aaron Blake, "10 things you should know about Tim Kaine, Hillary Clinton's new running mate", Washington Post (July 22, 2016).
- Sophy Bishop, "Work-life balance: a conversation with Former Virginia Gov. Tim Kaine, First Lady Anne Holton, Harvard Law School (March 22, 2012).
- "From the RTD archives: Wedding announcement of Tim Kaine and Anne Holton", Richmond Times-Dispatch (Jul 21, 2016) (reprinting of announcement originally published on Nov 25, 1984).
- Gupta, Prachi (8 September 2016). "Why Anne Holton, Wife of VP Nominee Tim Kaine, Never Changed Her Last Name". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- "Tim Kaine: About". United States Senate. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Timeline: Sen. Tim Kaine's life and career, Richmond Times-Dispatch (July 22, 2016).
- Alan Suderman, Self-assured, Kaine brings a steady hand to Clinton ticket, Associated Press (July 22, 2016).
- Balingit, Moriah; Brown, Emma (Jul 22, 2016). "Meet Tim Kaine's wife, a longtime child welfare advocate and Virginia's secretary of education". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
- "Anne Holton Stumps In Area For Her Husband, Tim Kaine". Virginian Review. Jul 25, 2012. Retrieved Jul 23, 2016.
- Tim Kaine and Anne Holton (Associated Press photo by Steve Helber) (January 12, 2002).
- Somashekhar, Sandhya (April 25, 2008). "Kain's wife puts career on hold for a higher profile". The Washington Post. Retrieved Jul 27, 2016.
- "Our History". Central Virginia Legal Aid Society. 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
- Louis Llovio, "Anne Holton, wife of Tim Kaine, is down-to-earth advocate who's tough and no stranger to the limelight", Richmond Times-Dispatch (July 22, 2016).
- Holton, Anne (Apr 7, 2007). "Other Voices: Finding Families For All Of Virginia's Kids". Daily Press. Retrieved Jul 23, 2016.
- Moriah Balingit & Emma Brown, Meet Tim Kaine's wife, a longtime child welfare advocate and Virginia's secretary of education, Washington Post (July 22, 2016).
- Howson, Susan (3 February 2016). "The State of Education In Virginia According to Anne Holton". www.vccs.edu. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- McQuade, Dan (10 October 2016). "Q&A: Anne Holton, Clinton Ally, on Education". Philadelphia Magazine. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Education, Virginia Department of (12 January 2016). "VDOE :: January 15, 2016 – Governor McAuliffe and Virginia Council on Women Announce the 4th Annual STEM Essay Contest". www.doe.virginia.gov. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- Moriah Balingit, "Anne Holton, wife of Clinton's running mate, resigns as Va.'s education secretary", Washington Post (July 26, 2016).
- Wise, Scott (2016-07-26). "Anne Holton resigns as Virginia's Secretary of Education". WTVR-TV. Retrieved 2016-07-27.
- Profile: Anne Holton, Virginia Governor's Cabinet (accessed July 24, 2016).
- Johnson, Akilah (1 September 2016). "Anne Holton stumps for husband's ticket - The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
- Vozzella, Laura (4 September 2016). "Grocery shopping with Secret Service: Anne Holton tries to keep it real". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
- Tim Kaine: Everything You Need to Know, ABC News (July 22, 2016).
- MRWBA Women of Achievement Award Recipients, Metropolitan Richmond Women's Bar Association (accessed July 24, 2016).