Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch
Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch (11 February 1651 – 6 February 1732) was a wealthy Scottish peer.
Anne was the daughter of Francis Scott, 2nd Earl of Buccleuch. In 1661, she succeeded to her sister Mary Scott's titles as 4th Countess of Buccleuch, 5th Baroness Scott of Buccleuch and 5th Baroness Scott of Whitchester and Eskdaill.
On 20 April 1663 she married James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (the illegitimate son of Charles II by his mistress, Lucy Walter), and she and her husband were created Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch on that day. They had six children:
- Charles Scott, Earl of Doncaster (1672–1674), died in infancy.
- James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith (1674–1705), married Lady Henrietta Hyde, daughter of Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester and had issue. (Laurence Hyde was the brother of Anne Hyde, Duchess of York, wife of James, Duke of York and Albany, later James VII of Scotland, II of England).
- Lady Anne Scott (1675–1685), died young.
- Henry Scott, 1st Earl of Deloraine (1676–1730)
- Lord Francis Scott (1678–1679), died in infancy.
- Lady Charlotte Scott (b. & d. 1683), died in infancy.
The Duke of Monmouth was executed in 1685 following the failure of the Monmouth Rebellion, in which he attempted to win the English throne. The duchess married Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis on 6 May 1688, with whom she had three children. Anne died in 1732, aged 80 and her titles passed to her grandson, Francis, the son of James, Earl of Dalkeith.
After the Duke of Monmouth had been executed for treason, Anne asked architect James Smith to rebuild Dalkeith Palace, using William of Orange's Palace of Het Loo in the Netherlands as a model. Smith and his cousins, Gilbert and James, signed the contract for masonry work in March 1702 and construction of the new Palace began later that year.
|Ancestors of Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch|
- Nicholson, Eirwen E. C. "Scott, Anna". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/67531.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
|Peerage of Scotland|
|New creation|| Duchess of Buccleuch
| Countess of Buccleuch|
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