Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch

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Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch (11 February 1651 – 6 February 1732) was a wealthy Scottish peer.

Anna, Duchess of Buccleuch and her sons

Anne was the daughter of Francis Scott, 2nd Earl of Buccleuch. In 1661, she succeeded to her sister Mary Scott's titles as 4th Countess of Buccleuch, 5th Baroness Scott of Buccleuch and 5th Baroness Scott of Whitchester and Eskdaill.

On 20 April 1663 she married James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (the illegitimate son of Charles II by his mistress, Lucy Walter), and she and her husband were created Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch on that day. They had six children:

Dalkeith Palace, Midlothian

The Duke of Monmouth was executed in 1685 following the failure of the Monmouth Rebellion, in which he attempted to win the English throne. The duchess married Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis on 6 May 1688, with whom she had three children. Anne died in 1732, aged 80 and her titles passed to her grandson, Francis, the son of James, Earl of Dalkeith.

After the Duke of Monmouth had been executed for treason, Anne asked architect James Smith to rebuild Dalkeith Palace, using William of Orange's Palace of Het Loo in the Netherlands as a model. Smith and his cousins, Gilbert and James, signed the contract for masonry work in March 1702 and construction of the new Palace began later that year.



  • Nicholson, Eirwen E. C. "Scott, Anna". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/67531.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Peerage of Scotland
New creation Duchess of Buccleuch
2nd creation
Succeeded by
Francis Scott
Preceded by
Mary Scott
Countess of Buccleuch