Anne Spencer House
Anne Spencer House
Anne Spencer House, Lynchburg VA, November 2008
|Location||1313 Pierce St., Lynchburg, Virginia|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Architectural style||Queen Anne|
|Part of||Pierce Street Historic District (#14000527)|
|NRHP reference #||76002224|
|Added to NRHP||December 6, 1976|
|Designated CP||August 25, 2014|
|Designated VLR||September 21, 1976|
The Pierce Street House was built in 1903, by Edward Spencer and the surrounding area includes a large garden and a one-room retreat called Edankraal, where Spencer did much of her writing. The word "Edankraal" is a combination of "Edward," "Anne," and "kraal," the Afrikaans word for enclosure or corral. The house is a two-story modified Queen Anne style, shingle residence. Its two-bay facade is divided equally between a recessed section, covered with a hipped roof, and a slightly projecting gable-roofed bay to the right. On the first floor, one can find a living room, dining room, sunroom, front hall, and kitchen. The second floor includes four bedrooms, a full bath, and a sunroom. The third floor, which is not generally open to the public, was originally a "man cave" for Edward featuring a pool table and half bath, but later became another area for the Spencer's grandchildren. The front hall of the house reveals themes central to Anne Spencer's life. The use of color and mirrors bring the outside in, creating a garden of light and colors on the interior of the Spencer home. Edward's innovations are evident even in this small space—there's a phone booth tucked under the staircase, arched doorways, leading into the front hall and leading into the living room. Crown molding graces the ceiling and doorways.
The house was modified periodically as the family grew and their social lives expanded. Edward creatively recycled used materials, incorporating windows, doors, handrails, or other cast-off materials into useful components for his home. A screened porch was eventually enclosed as a cozy den, and the lattice from the porch was re-used to make an entry into the garden. Guggenheimer's Department Store in downtown Lynchburg, Virginia had no more use for some sheets of copper that were in a window display. Edward used the copper to cover, shape, and enhance the recessed paneling below the chair rail of the dining room. Bright, red leather, padded doors, originally part of the all-black Harrison Movie Theater on Fifth Street in Lynchburg, Virginia, were re-used in the kitchen and led to a side porch. Massive, oversized banister stair railings were salvaged and re-used in the attic “dormitory room” Edward re-furbished for the visiting grandchildren in later years. He also installed a second bathroom there, which is modestly screened only with a simple hand-drawn curtain.
Spencer in Lynchburg
Anne Spencer was the first Virginian and first African-American to have her poetry included in the Norton Anthology of American Poetry. She was also a committed activist for equal rights, and her house also served as a political center of the community. Spencer and her husband Edward had petitioned to start a local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and hosted James Weldon Johnson in their home as he assisted in creating the chapter.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Staff (September 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Anne Spencer House" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. and Accompanying photo
- "Virginia African American Heritage Program". Anne Spencer House. Virginia African American Heritage Program. 2008-11-21.
- "House". Annespencermuseum.com. Retrieved 2016-07-13.
- Hines, Emilee. More Than Petticoats: Remarkable Virginia Women. Globe Pequot Press, 2003: 128. ISBN 0-7627-2364-5
- Official website
- Information on the Anne Spencer House from Virginia African American Heritage Program
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. VA-1173, "Anne Spencer House, 1313 Pierce Street, Lynchburg, Lynchburg, VA", 5 photos, 1 photo caption page
- HABS No. VA-1173-A, "Anne Spencer House", 3 photos, 1 photo caption page