During her graduate studies she worked on chromosome analysis, comparing chimpanzee and human chromosomes. Anne has undertaken primate field research in Morocco, Gibraltar, Texas, Borneo and Africa. These two types of research combine interests in the physical development of humans from their primate ancestors, and the behavioral patterns of primates which are similar to those found among humans. However, her approach to physical anthropology is very wide ranging and she has presented papers on witchcraft, dietary influences on behaviour, the role of children in evolution, and child abuse in primates, as well as on her major focus of primate communication.
She is also interested in the use of film in research and teaching, has prepared video tapes for use in her classes and is analyzing film taken during her field research. Her current research concerns the interactions of adults and infants in the socializing process of Macaca fascicularis, the crab eating macaque of Indonesia.
Anne began teaching full-time at the University of Waterloo in the Department of Anthropology in 1982, and spent several years as the Chair or Head of Anthropology after 1993. Anne also held a series of positions at the University of Alberta, the University of Victoria and the University of Toronto. She retired from teaching in 2009.
- Chimpanzees Today
- Five Species
- Hominid Evolution 1: The Early Stages
- Hominid Evolution 2: The Genus Homo
- Images From the Field: Baboons
- Lemurs of Madagascar
- New World Monkeys
- Primate-Human Interaction
- Primate Patterns II
- Sifakas of Madagascar
- What Do Primatologists Do?
- Zeller, Anne (1 January 1980). "Primate facial gestures: A study of communication". Paper in Linguistics. 13 (4): 565–605. doi:10.1080/08351818009370512. ISSN 0031-1251.
- "Speaking of Clever Apes". Recherches sémiotiques / Semiotic Inquiry. 2 (3): 276–308. 1982.
- "Component Patterns in Gesture Formation in Macaca sylvanus of Gibraltar" (PDF). Canadian Review of Physical Anthropology. 4 (2): 35–42. 1985.
- "A Role for Children in Hominid Evolution". Man. 22 (3): 528–557. September 1987. doi:10.2307/2802504.
- "Arctic Hysteria in Salem?". Anthropologica. 32 (2): 239–264. 1 January 1990. JSTOR 25605580.
- "Human Response to Primate Deviance". Anthropologica. 33 (1/2): 39–68. 1 January 1991. doi:10.2307/25605600. JSTOR 25605600.
- "Grooming interactions over infants in four species of primate". Visual Anthropology. 5 (1): 63–86. 1 January 1992. doi:10.1080/08949468.1992.9966578. ISSN 0894-9468.
- "Chimpanzee Grooming as Social Custom:Chimpanzee Grooming as Social Custom.". American Anthropologist. 103 (1): 194–196. March 2001. doi:10.1525/aa.2001.103.1.194.
- "Socioecology or Tradition". Reviews in Anthropology. 33 (1): 19–41. 1 January 2004. doi:10.1080/713649338. ISSN 0093-8157.
- Taub, David M.; King, Frederick A. (1986). "Comparison of Component Patterns in Threatening and Friendly Gestures in Macaca sylvanus of Gibraltar". Current perspectives in primate social dynamics. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. ISBN 9780442282899.
- Smuts, Barbara B.; Cheney, D.L; Seyfarth, R.M. (1987). "Communication by Sight and Smell". Primate societies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 433–439. ISBN 9780226102405.
- Burton, Frances D. (1992). "Communication in the Social Unit". Social processes and mental abilities in non-human primates : evidences from longitudinal field studies. Lewiston u.a.: Edwin Mellen Press. pp. 61–89. ISBN 9780773495371.
- Roeder, Jean-Jacques; Anderson, James Russell (1990). "The Study of Visual and Vocal Communication". Primates : recherches actuelles. Paris: Masson. ISBN 2225819696.
- Counts, David R.; Counts, Dorothy A. (1991). Coping with the final tragedy : cultural variation in dying and grieving. Amityville, N.Y.: Baywood Pub. Co. ISBN 9780895030818.
- Gardner, R.A.; Chiarelli, Brunetto; Plooij, Frans C., eds. (1994). "Evidence of Structure in Macaque Communication". Ethological roots of culture. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 15–39. ISBN 978-94-010-4433-2.
- "Out of Awareness: Into Perception". Journal of the Steward Anthropological Society. 27 (1-2): 63–73. 2001.
- Mitchell, Robert W. (2002). "Pretending in Monkeys". Pretending and Imagination in Animals and Children. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781139439442.
- Fa, John E.; Lindburg, Donald G. (2005). "The Interplay of Kinship Organisation and Facial Communication in the Macaques". Evolution and ecology of macaque societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521021715.
- "Anne Zeller". www.der.org. Archived from the original on 5 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- Biography at University of Waterloo (website)
- "Department of Anthropology, University of Waterloo". (biographical information and links for Anne Zeller)