Anne of Foix-Candale

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Anne of Foix-Candale
Queen consort of Bohemia and Hungary
Anne de Foix.jpg
Tenure 1502–1506
Coronation 29 September 1502
Born 1484
Died 26 July 1506
Buda, Hungary
Spouse Vladislaus II of Hungary
Issue Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia
House House of Foix-Candale
Father Gaston of Foix, Count of Candale
Mother Infanta Catherine of Navarre

Anna of Foix-Candale (1484 – 26 July 1506) was Queen of Hungary and Bohemia as the third wife of King Vladislaus II.


Anne was the daughter of Gaston of Foix, Count of Candale, and Infanta Catherine of Navarre. Her mother was the youngest daughter of Queen Eleanor of Navarre, and Gaston IV, Count of Foix. Anne grew up at the French royal court in Blois. She was educated in Latin and the Classics. The nephew of the French monarch, the Duke of Longueville, is reported to have been in love with her and wished to marry her, but he was prevented because a political marriage was planned for Anne. The elderly, twice-divorced and childless king Vladislaus II of Hungary of the Jagiellon dynasty had been searching a wife capable of giving him a son. His sights were set on a powerful alliance, and Anne, closely related to French royalty, was a good choice. So Anne got engaged in 1500, the marriage contract confirmed in 1501, and she wed Vladislaus by proxy at the French court in Blois in 1502. On her way to Hungary, she was much celebrated in Italy and in Venice, causing a conflict between France and Hungary over who should pay the expenses. On 29 September 1502, Anne wed Vladislaus in Székesfehérvár and she was crowned Queen of Hungary there that same day.[1]

Anne brought a French court and French advisors with her to Hungary. The relationship was happy at least from the king's view, and he is reported to have regarded her as a friend, assistant and a trusted advisor. She incurred debts in Venice and was said to favour this city all her life. In 1506, her signature was placed on a document alongside the king's regarding an alliance with the Habsburgs. On July 23, 1503 Anne gave birth to a daughter, known as Anna Jagellonica, and on July 1, 1506 to the long-awaited male heir, the future king Louis II. She enjoyed great popularity, but her pregnancies ruined her health. She died in Buda on July 26, 1506, a little more than three weeks after the birth of her son due to complications from delivery. She was 22.


Although Anna was Vladislaus II's third wife, she gave birth to his only surviving legitimate children,[2] both of whom were born in Buda:



  1. ^ See Kropf (1895).
  2. ^ She never entered Bohemia; therefore, her children cannot have been born in Prague as it can erroneously be found in some encyclopedias.


  • Kropf, Lajos: Anna királyné, II. Ulászló neje (Queen Anne of Foix, the Consort of Ladislas II). Századok (Periodical Centuries) 29. 689-709. 1895

Further reading[edit]

  • Anthony, Raoul: Identification et Etude des Ossements des Rois de Navarre inhumés dans la Cathédrale de Lescar (Identification and Study of the Bones of the Kings of Navarre buried at the Cathedral of Lescar). Paris. Masson. 1931
  • Birkás, Géza: Francia utazók Magyarországon (French Travellers in Hungary). Acta Universitatis Szegediensis: Sectio philologica, Tomus 16. Szeged. 228 pp. 1948
  • Byrne, Francis John: Irish Kings and High-Kings. London: Batsford. 1973 ISBN 0-7134-5882-8
  • Dobosy, Tibor: Pierre Choque, Anna magyar királyné francia kísérője (Pierre Choque, The French Attendant of Anne of Foix Queen of Hungary). Budapest. 1940
  • Fógel, József: II. Ulászló udvartartása (The Court of Ladislaus II) (1490–1516). MTA (The Hungarian Academy of Science). Budapest. 166 pp. 1913
  • Kšír, Josef: K původu české královny Anny (To the Origin of Anne of Foix Queen of Bohemia). Genealogické a heraldické listy (GaHL) (Genealogical and Heraldical Lists) 21. 40-47. Prague. 2001
  • Macek, Josef: Tři ženy krále Vladislava (The Three Wives of King Ladislas). Prague. Mladá fronta. 1991
  • Marczali, Henrik: Candalei Anna II. Ulászló neje, magyarországi útjának és a menyegzői ünnepélyek leírása (Közlemények a párisi Nemzeti könyvtárból 1448-1596, 83-122) (The Description of the Route to Hungary and the Wedding of Anne of Foix, the Wife of Ladislas II. Announcements from the National Library of Paris in French 1448-1596). Magyar Történelmi Tár (Hungarian Historical Journal) 23. 97-113. 1877
  • Solymosi, László (ed.): Magyarország történeti kronológiája I. A kezdetektől 1526-ig (The Historical Chronology of Hungary. From the Beginnings to 1526). főszerk. (editor-in-chief): Kálmán Benda. Budapest. 1981
  • Wenzel, Gusztáv: II. Ulászló magyar és cseh királynak házas élete (The Marriages of Ladislas II King of Hungary and Bohemia). Századok (Periodical Centuries). 631-641, 727-757 és 816-840. 1877

External links[edit]

Anne of Foix-Candale
Born: 1484 Died: 1506
Royal titles
Title last held by
Beatrice of Naples
Queen consort of Bohemia and Hungary
Title next held by
Mary of Austria