Anne of Austria, Queen of Poland
|Anne of Austria|
Portrait by Martin Kober
|Queen consort of Poland|
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
|Tenure||31 May 1592 – 10 February 1598|
31 May 1592|
Wawel Cathedral, Kraków
|Queen consort of Sweden|
|Tenure||17 November 1592 – 10 February 1598|
|Coronation||19 February 1594|
16 August 1573|
10 February 1598 (aged 24)|
|Burial||Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland|
|Spouse||Sigismund III Vasa|
|Władysław IV Vasa|
|House||House of Habsburg|
|Father||Charles II, Archduke of Austria|
|Mother||Maria Anna of Bavaria|
Anne was a daughter of Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria. Her paternal grandparents were Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anne of Bohemia (1503–1547), daughter of King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and his wife Anne of Foix-Candale.
Anne became the first wife of Sigismund of Poland on 31 May 1592. This marriage was opposed by many nobles (szlachta) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, who were opposed to the alliance with the Austrian Habsburgs that Sigismund pursued.
When Sigismund sent a diplomatic mission, led by Cardinal Radziwill, to Prague for his bride, the anti-Habsburg party with chancellor Jan Zamoyski guarded the borders to prevent the Archduchess from entering the country. Anne evaded the guards, arrived in Kraków and was crowned in May 1592 by Primas Karnkowski as the Queen of Poland. Later, during her lifetime, the capital of the Commonwealth was moved from Kraków to Warsaw.
In 1594, she followed her spouse to Sweden, where she was crowned as the Queen of Sweden in Uppsala the 19 February. The Poles demanded that she leave her daughter behind her as security in Poland during their stay in Sweden, and she was afraid that the Swedes would demand the same when she returned to Poland, if she gave birth during her stay in Sweden. 19 April 1594, she gave birth to a daughter, whose baptism was elaborately celebrated at the Swedish court, but the child died soon after. During her stay in Sweden, she became involved in a conflict with Dowager Queen Gunilla Bielke, partially for religious reasons. She accused Gunilla for having stolen valuables from the Royal Palace. She was regarded as quite polite but distant and depressive during her stay. She did not speak Swedish, and she regarded the Swedish people as heretics and rebels and only showed herself in public when she was forced to. At her departure from Sweden in July 1594, she was granted Linköping, Söderköping and Stegeborg on the condition that she respect the Protestant belief within these feifs.
Anne died on 10 February 1598 in Warsaw as a result of haemorrhage during the birth of her last child, who also died then. Sigismund III then married her sister Constance Renate of Habsburg.
Anna had five children, but only Władysław lived to become an adult:
- Anna Maria (23 May 1593 – 9 February 1600)
- Catherine (19 April 1594 – 16 May 1594)
- Władysław (9 June 1595 – 20 May 1648), (reigned 1632-1648 as Władysław IV of Poland)
- Catherine (27 September 1596 – 2 June 1597)
- Christopher (10 February 1598 – 10 February 1598)
|Ancestors of Anne of Austria, Queen of Poland|
Her coffin in the Sigismund's Crypt under the Wawel Cathedral (second from the left).
- Anteckningar om svenska qvinnor (Swedish)
- Europe in the sixteenth-century, Andrew Pettegree, 2002, ISBN 0-631-20704-X
- (in Swedish) Den svenska historien. 4. Gustav Vasa. Riket formas (The History of Sweden. 4. Gustav Vasa. The empire is formed), Gunvor Grenholm, Jan Cornell, Jerker Rosén, Sten Carlsson and Svenolov Ehrén, 1978, ISBN 91-0-042667-9
Anna of AustriaBorn: 16 August 1573 Died: 10 February 1598
Catherine of Austria
| Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
Constance of Austria
| Queen consort of Sweden
Grand Duchess consort of Finland
Christina of Holstein-Gottorp