Anne of Bohemia and Hungary
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (December 2009)|
|Anne of Bohemia and Hungary|
|Queen consort of the Romans, Bohemia and Hungary|
|Spouse||Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Issue||Elisabeth, Queen of Poland
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
Anna, Duchess of Bavaria
Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria
Maria, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
Catherine, Queen of Poland
Eleonora, Duchess of Mantua
Barbara, Duchess of Ferrara
Charles II, Archduke of Austria
Joanna, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
|Father||Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary|
|Mother||Anne de Foix|
|Born||23 July 1503
|Died||27 January 1547
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (Buda, Hungary, 23 July 1503 – Prague, Bohemia, 27 January 1547), sometimes known as Anna Jagellonica, Queen of the Romans (Germany), Bohemia and Hungary as the wife of King Ferdinand I, later Holy Roman Emperor.
She was the elder child and only daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (1456–1516) and his third wife Anne of Foix-Candale. She was an older sister of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia. Her paternal grandparents were King Casimir IV of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, of the Jagiellon dynasty, and Elisabeth of Austria, one of the heiresses of Bohemia, duchy of Luxembourg and duchy of Kujavia. Her maternal grandparents were Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale and Catherine de Foix, Infanta of the Kingdom of Navarre.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (June 2015)|
She was born in Buda (now Budapest). The death of Vladislaus II on 13 March 1516 left both siblings in the care of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor. It was arranged that Anna marry his grandson, Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, second son of Queen regnant Joanna of Castile and her late husband and co-ruler, Philip I of Castile. Anna married Ferdinand on 25 May 1521 in Linz, Austria. At the time Ferdinand was governing the Habsburg hereditary lands on behalf of his older brother Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. It was stipulated that Ferdinand should succeed Anne's brother in case he died without male heirs.
Her brother Louis was killed in the Battle of Mohács against Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire on 29 August 1526. This left the thrones of both Bohemia and Hungary vacant. Ferdinand claimed both kingdoms and was elected King of Bohemia on 24 October of the same year, making Anna Queen of Bohemia.
Hungary was a more difficult case. Suleiman had annexed much of its lands. Ferdinand was proclaimed King of Hungary by a group of nobles, but another faction of Hungarian nobles refused to allow a foreign ruler to hold that title and elected John Zápolya as an alternative king. The resulting conflict between the two rivals and their successors lasted until 1571. In 1531, Ferdinand's older brother Charles V recognised Ferdinand as his successor as Holy Roman Emperor, and Ferdinand was elevated to the title King of the Romans.
Anna and Ferdinand had fifteen children, all of whom were born in Bohemia or Hungary. Both of these kingdoms had suffered for centuries from premature deaths among heirs and a shortage of succession prospects. Meanwhile Anna served as queen consort of Bohemia and as one of three living queens of Hungary until her death. She died in Prague, days after giving birth to her last daughter Joanna. In 1556, Charles V abdicated and Ferdinand succeeded as emperor, nine years after Anna's death.
|Elisabeth||9 July 1526||15 June 1545||Married to the future King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland.|
|Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor||31 July 1527||12 October 1576||Married to his first cousin Maria of Spain and had issue.|
|Anna||7 July 1528||16 October/17 October 1590||Married to Albert V, Duke of Bavaria.|
|Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria||14 June 1529||24 January 1595||Married to Philippine Welser and then to his niece Anne Juliana Gonzaga.|
|Maria||15 May 1531||11 December 1581||Married to of Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.|
|Magdalena||14 August 1532||10 September 1590||A nun.|
|Catherine||15 September 1533||28 February 1572||In 1553 she was married to King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland.|
|Eleanor||2 November 1534||5 August 1594||Married to William I, Duke of Mantua.|
|Margaret of Austria||16 February 1536||12 March 1567||A nun.|
|John||10 April 1538||20 March 1539||Died in childhood.|
|Barbara||30 April 1539||19 September 1572||Married to Alfonso II d'Este.|
|Charles II, Archduke of Austria||3 June 1540||10 July 1590||Father of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.|
|Ursula||24 July 1541||30 April 1543||Died in childhood|
|Helena||7 January 1543||5 March 1574||A nun.|
|Joanna||24 January 1547||10 April 1578||Married to Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany|
|Ancestors of Anne of Bohemia and Hungary|
Media related to Anna of Bohemia and Hungary at Wikimedia Commons
Anne of Bohemia and HungaryBorn: 23 July 1503 Died: 27 January 1547
Isabella of Portugal
|Queen consort of the Romans
Mary of Spain
Mary of Austria
|Queen consort of Bohemia and Hungary