Saints Antoine, Marguerite and Ennemond(right) in St Peter Palace, Lyon
|Died||657 or 658|
|Venerated in||Eastern Orthodox Church|
Roman Catholic Church
Saint Annemund, also known as Annemundus, Aunemundus, Ennemond and Chamond, was an archbishop of Lyon. Annemund was a councillor of Clovis II and a friend of Wilfrid of York. The year of his death is variously given as either 657 or 658.
His father, Sigon, was a prefect in Lyon, while his brother, Dalfin, was Count of Lyons. Late hagiographic texts say his was a Gallo-Roman family, although his name is of German origin, more common in the Burgundian late 5th century. These same texts record that Dauphin's brother was prefect of Gaul. The accounts of his contemporaries Eddius Stephanus (in) and the Venerable Bede however, make no mention of his brother.
Annemund was a councillor of Clovis II and a friend of Wilfrid. Tradition attributes to him the evangelization of the Saint-Chamond area (Castellum Sancti Admundi), whose church still contains one of his relics.
He was the victim of a plot by the mayor of the palace, Ebroin. According to Bede (Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum v.19), this occurred at the order of Queen Balthild. Having been unable to attend a gathering of Frankish officials at Orleans, he was slandered as a traitor to the king. Summoned to court, he was beheaded on September 29, 658 near Chalon-sur-Saône by parties affiliated with Ebroin. His body was brought back to Lyon and is in the Saint-Nizier Church. Genesius succeeded him as Bishop.
Ennemond is also revered in Bellegarde-en-Forez and Champdieu. He gave his name to the town of Saint-Ennemond in Allier and Saint-Chamond in the Loire area. One of his relics is preserved in the Church of Saint-Ennemond, Saint-Étienne.
It is said that it was Ennemond who first conceived the idea of calling the faithful to church by ringing church bells. Similarly, when his body was returned to Lyon, all churches would have started ringing their bells.
A statue in the Saint-Ennemond church Saint-Étienne is in episcopal robes, holding a codex of the Bible.
- Lyon. at GCatholic.org.
- Archdiocese of Lyon, France at Catholic Saints.info.
- Lyon. at GCatholic.org.
- David M. Cheney, Archdiocese of Lyon at catholic-hierarchy.org.
- Alban Butler, Butler's Lives of the Saints: September (Burns & Oates, 2000), p. 262.
- Matthew Bunson, Margaret Bunson and Stephen Bunson, Our Sunday Visitor's encyclopedia of saints (ISBN 978-1931709750), p. 97.
- Archer, T.A., "Bathilda", Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. III (Leslie Stephens, ed.), London; Smith, Elder & Co., 1885
- Hunt, William. "Wilfrid", DCB, Vol. XXI, (Sidney Lee, ed.), London, Macmillan, 1909
- Références sur Ennemond sur le site du musée diocèse de Lyon.
- A. COVILLE, L’Evêque Aunemundus et son Testament, Revue d'histoire de Lyon, tome 1, 1902, p. 353-372 & p. 465-456
- James Condamin, Saint Ennemond, évêque de Lyon : sa vie et son culte, 1876.
- Site de la ville de Saint-Ennemond.
|Catholic Church titles|
| Archbishop of Lyon
c. 653 – 658