Annibale de Gasparis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Annibale de Gasparis

Annibale de Gasparis (November 9, 1819, Bugnara[1] –March 21, 1892, Naples; Italian pronunciation: [anˈniːbale de ˈɡasparis]) was an Italian astronomer, born in Bugnara to parents originally from Tocco da Casauria.

From 1864 to 1889 he was the director of the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte in Naples.[2] His name was occasionally written Annibal de Gasparis, including by himself.[3]

He won the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1851. Awarded the Lalande Prize in 1851 and 1852.

The main-belt asteroid 4279 De Gasparis as well as the 30-kilometer lunar crater de Gasparis and the nearby 93-kilometer long fracture Rimae de Gasparis, are named in his honour.[2]

Discoveries[edit]

Annibale de Gasparis discovered visually the following 9 asteroids. In addition, he also independently discovered 14 Irene, which discovery was however credited to the English astronomer John Russell Hind.[2][4]

Minor planets discovered: 9 [5]
10 Hygiea April 12, 1849
11 Parthenope May 11, 1850
13 Egeria November 2, 1850
15 Eunomia July 29, 1851
16 Psyche March 17, 1852
20 Massalia September 19, 1852
24 Themis April 5, 1853
63 Ausonia February 10, 1861
83 Beatrix April 26, 1865

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hockey, Thomas (2009). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. Retrieved August 22, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (4279) De Gasparis. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 367. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved June 2016. 
  3. ^ Letter from de Gasparis to Benjamin Valz announcing the discovery of 10 Hygiea in 1849[dead link]
  4. ^ "14 Irene". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 23 May 2016. Retrieved June 2016.