Annie Elizabeth Delany
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|Annie Elizabeth Delany|
September 3, 1891|
Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.
|Died||September 25, 1995
Mount Vernon, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||St. Augustine's College
Columbia School of Dental and Oral Surgery
|Known for||Being the second African-American female dentist licensed in New York State|
Annie Elizabeth "Bessie" Delany (3 September 1891 – 25 September 1995) was an American dentist and civil rights pioneer who was the subject, along with her elder sister Sarah "Sadie" Delany, of the New York Times bestselling oral history, Having Our Say, written by journalist Amy Hill Hearth. Delany earned a Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) degree from Columbia University in 1923. She was the second Black woman licensed to practice dentistry in New York State, and became famous, with the publication of the book, when she was aged 101.
Delany was the third of ten children born to the Rt. Rev. Henry Beard Delany (1858–1928), the first Black person elected Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States, and Nanny Logan Delany (1861–1956), an educator. H.B. Delany was born into slavery in St. Mary's, Georgia. Nanny Logan Delany was born in a community then known as Yak, Virginia, seven miles from Danville.
Bessie Delany was born and raised on the campus of St. Augustine's School (now University) in Raleigh, North Carolina, where her father was the Vice-Principal and her mother, a teacher and administrator. Delany was a 1911 graduate of the school. In 1918, she followed her sister to New York City, enrolling at Columbia University, from which she earned her dental degree in 1923. Of 170 students in her graduating class, she was the only Black female. She shared a dental office with her brother, Dr. H. B. Delany Jr., at 2305 Seventh Avenue, and later, 2303 Seventh Avenue, in Harlem. Throughout her life, Bessie, participated in many protests and marches, and encouraged civil rights organizers to meet at her and her brother's office.
The Delany Sisters
In 1991, Delany and her sister Sadie were interviewed by journalist Amy Hill Hearth, who wrote a feature story about them for The New York Times. A New York book publisher read Hearth's newspaper story and asked her to write a full-length book on the sisters. Hearth and the sisters worked closely for two years to create the book, Having our Say: The Delany Sisters' First 100 Years, which dealt with the trials and tribulations the sisters had faced during their century of life. The book was on The New York Times bestseller lists for 105 weeks. It spawned a Broadway play in 1995 and a television film in 1999. Both the play and film adaptations were produced by Judith R. James and Dr. Camille O. Cosby.
In 1994, the sisters and Hearth published The Delany Sisters' Book of Everyday Wisdom, a follow up to Having Our Say. After Bessie's death, Sadie Delany and Hearth created a third book, On my Own at 107; Reflections on Life Without Bessie.
Her siblings were:
- Lemuel Thackara Delany (1887–1956)
- Sarah Louise ("Sadie") Delany (1889–1999)
- Julia Emery Delany (1893–1974)
- Henry Delany, Jr. (1895–1991)
- Lucius Delany (1897–1969)
- William Manross Delany (1899–1955)
- Hubert Thomas Delany (1901–1990)
- Laura Edith Delany (1903–1993)
- Samuel Ray Delany (1906–1960)
Living Relative Families: Delany, Mickey, Stent, and Graham Families
- Delany, Sarah Louise; Delany, Annie Elizabeth; Hearth, Amy Hill (1993). Having Our Say: The Delany Sisters' First 100 Years (First ed.). New York: Kodansha International. ISBN 1-56836-010-X.
- The Delany Sisters' Book of Everyday Wisdom,
- Delany, Sarah Louise; Hearth, Amy Hil (1997). On My Own at 107: Reflections on Life Without Bessie (First ed.). New York: HarperSanFrancisco. ISBN 0-06-251485-7.
- "Sarah Louise "Sadie" Delany". Columbia250. Columbia University. 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-10.
- "The New York Community Trust" (PDF). www.nycommunitytrust.org. Retrieved 2016-03-24.