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Annie Wilkes

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Annie Wilkes
Kathy Bates as Annie Wilkes in the 1990 film adaptation
First appearanceMisery (novel)
Last appearanceCastle Rock (season 2)
Created byStephen King
Portrayed byKathy Bates (1990)
Sharon Gless (1992)
Susan Penhaligon (2005)
Laurie Metcalf (2015)
Henna Haverinen (2019)
Lizzy Caplan (2019)
Madison Johnson (2019, child)
Ruby Cruz (2019, teen)
Mari Turunen (2019)
Mirva Tolppanen (2022)
In-universe information
Full nameAnne Marie Wilkes Dugan
NicknameDragon Lady
OccupationNurse (R.N.; formerly)
FamilyCarl Wilkes (father; deceased)
Crysilda B. Wilkes (mother)
Nancy Wilkes (mother; film canon)
Paul E. Wilkes (brother)
Evangeline Wilkes (half-sister, Castle Rock only)
SpouseRalph Dugan (divorced)

Annie Wilkes is a character originating from Stephen King's 1987 novel Misery, in which she acts as one of the two central characters and main antagonist. In 2022, King picked her as his personal favorite character among all those he created in his literary career.

A nurse by training, Annie is a devoted fan of the works of romance author Paul Sheldon, whom she rescues after a car accident and brings back to her home. As she nurses him back to health, Paul gradually realizes how deranged Annie is, and becomes her unwilling captive. The character has become one of the stereotypes of the nurse as a torturer and angel of mercy.

The character has been portrayed in various audio, screen and stage adaptations of Misery, notably in a 1990 film adaptation in which she was portrayed by Kathy Bates, who won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance. A heavily altered version of the character also acts as main protagonist of the second season of the television series Castle Rock (itself loosely based on various works of King) in 2019, in which she is primarily portrayed by Lizzy Caplan.

Character background[edit]

The novel provides Annie's backstory, stating that she was born in Bakersfield, California, on April 1, 1943, and graduated from the University of Southern California's nursing school with honors in 1966. After several years of working in hospitals across the country, she settled in a remote portion of Colorado's Western Slope.

In both the book and film, Annie rescues protagonist Paul Sheldon after he breaks both of his legs in a car accident and takes him to her home to convalesce. She fawns over Paul, a writer of romance novels starring her favorite literary character, Misery Chastain; she professes to be his "number one fan" and says that she loves him. She also implies that she has visited the hotel where Paul finishes his novels as he is staying there. These statements and the fact that she is not in a hurry to take him to a hospital make Paul uneasy. He has studied psychological disorders as part of his research for the Misery series, and suspects early on that Annie is mentally unstable.

Annie is furious when she discovers Paul killed off Misery at the end of his latest novel. She tells him she has not called a hospital or told anybody about him and makes a veiled threat on his life. She holds him captive in her home and subjects him to a series of physical and psychological tortures. She also forces him to burn the only copy of a novel he felt would put him back on track as a mainstream author, and then makes him write a new novel bringing Misery back to life. Paul writes the book as Annie wants but bridles at her treatment of him and manages to sneak out of his room several times while she is away.

On one of his trips out of his room, Paul finds Annie's old scrapbook and learns from the newspaper clippings inside that she is a serial killer whose spree dates back to her childhood in Bakersfield. Among her victims were a neighboring family, her own father, her college roommate, and a hitchhiker with whom she had a brief fling. Paul also learns that she killed several patients at other hospitals where she worked, but no one suspected foul play because the victims were either elderly or gravely injured. However, while serving as head maternity nurse at a hospital in Boulder, eleven infants in her care died under mysterious circumstances. She was tried for their deaths but acquitted due to lack of evidence. Paul also finds that Annie was formerly married to a physical therapist named Ralph Dugan, who later divorced her, citing "mental cruelty." The last picture is an article about Paul's own disappearance, leading him to fear that he is Annie's next victim.

Paul does not know it, but Annie has known all along that he has been sneaking around her house. This sets off one of the film's most infamous scenes, in which she breaks his ankles with a sledgehammer to stop him from escaping. In the book, she chops off his foot with an axe and cauterizes it with a blowtorch and later cuts off one of his thumbs with an electric knife when he complains about a missing letter on his typewriter (neither of these things happen in the film).

In the book, Annie murders a Colorado state trooper who sees Paul in her house by stabbing him with a wooden cross and running him over with a lawnmower. In the film, the local sheriff comes to Annie's farm to investigate Paul's disappearance. Annie drugs Paul and hides him in her basement before subsequently killing the officer by shooting him in the back with a double-barreled shotgun when he hears Paul's cries for help.

Paul then says they should "celebrate" the new novel in a murder–suicide. Paul pretends to go along with it, telling her he needs a bottle of Dom Pérignon champagne and a cigarette, as per his usual practice after finishing a book. He soaks the manuscript with lighter fluid he picked up in the basement and sets it ablaze. While Annie tries to put the fire out, Paul overpowers her by cracking her over the head with his typewriter and choking her. In the film, he chokes her with pages of the burnt novel. In the book, he chokes her with blank pages, which she believes to be the book; the real novel is hidden from sight and was later published.

She ultimately dies of a fractured skull; Paul is then rescued by police. In the book, she fractures her skull when she slips and falls against the mantle of the guest room bed. When the police go in to search the bedroom where Annie is believed to have died, they find it empty. It is later revealed that, despite being mortally wounded, she managed to escape the bedroom and died in her barn with her hands on a chainsaw, which she presumably intended to use on Paul. In the movie, Paul trips her up so she falls and cracks her head on the corner of the typewriter she forced him to use; she recovers from this and attacks him, but he kills her by ramming a metal statue of her pet sow pig – named Misery after his stories – into her head.


King characterizes Annie Wilkes as a cunning, brutal, and devious woman who hides her malice behind a cheery façade. Both the novel and the film portray her as extremely paranoid, and also suggest that she may have borderline personality disorder. In the novel, she has day-long bouts with depression, during which she is seen maiming herself; Paul also finds evidence that she gorges herself on vast quantities of food. She has an unhealthy obsession with romance novels, particularly Paul's Misery series.

She abhors profanity, to the point that she will fly into fits of rage if it is used in front of her. She instead expresses anger with childishly strange words and phrases like "cockadoodie", "mister man", "dirty bird", "dirty birdy", "oogie", "fiddely-foof" and "rooty-patooties". In the novel, however, she lets more conventional profanities slip on occasion. And in both the book and the film adaptation, she curses Paul as a "cocksucker" while threatening to kill him during the final fight scene.[1][2] She has violent tantrums over insignificant matters. For instance, when Paul complains that the packet of Eaton's Corrasable Bond paper she bought for him is smudge-prone, she smashes his still-healing knee; in the book, when he mentions that her typewriter is missing a key, she cuts off his thumb.

King has noted that Annie "may seem psychopathic to us, but it's important to remember that she seems perfectly sane and reasonable to herself – heroic, in fact, a beleaguered woman trying to survive in a hostile world filled with cockadoodie brats".[3]

In a special feature on the collectors' edition DVD, forensic psychologist Reid Meloy said that Annie's personality (as portrayed by Kathy Bates) is a virtual catalog of mental illness. According to Meloy, Annie has bipolar disorder, where someone can have manic psychoses as well as depressions. He also believes her profile is typical of people who stalk celebrities, although she more accurately depicts borderline personality disorder, often confused for bipolar disorder.[4]

In his commentary on the film available on the DVD, director Rob Reiner notes that Annie is loosely based on Genene Jones, a nurse who is believed to have killed as many as 50 children who were in her care over a two-year period.[4]

Other appearances[edit]

The fictional version of King that appears in The Dark Tower VII: The Dark Tower (2004) discusses Annie Wilkes.

Annie Wilkes is mentioned in Kim Newman's novella, The Other Side of Midnight. In the novel, which is set in Newman's alternate history crossover Anno Dracula series, Annie is the murderer of John Lennon. When she is arrested for the crime, she tells the press that she loved Lennon, but that he had to die for splitting up the Beatles.

Kathy Bates reprised her role as Annie Wilkes in a 2008 commercial for DirecTV, with the setting being the infamous scene where she breaks Paul Sheldon's ankles.

The Tamil film Julie Ganapathi (2003), directed by Balu Mahendra,[5] is based loosely on the novel. South Indian actress Saritha plays the film's title character, who is based on the Annie Wilkes character.[6]

The novel was later adapted into a play, which ran on Broadway from November 2015 to February 2016. Annie was played by Laurie Metcalf.[7] At the 70th Annual Tony Awards, Metcalf was nominated for Best Actress in a Play for her performance.

In the United Kingdom, the novel was also adapted into a play in 1992, starring Sharon Gless as Annie Wilkes,[8][9] and later into a 2005 play, starring Susan Penhaligon.[10]

There are also three Finnish play adaptations called Piina based on the 1990 film adaptation's screenplay by William Goldman. In the first of them, Annie Wilkes is played by Mari Turunen[11][12][13] in the second one, played by Henna Haverinen,[14][15] and in the third one, played by Mirva Tolppanen.[16][17]

A version of a young Annie Wilkes appears in the TV series Castle Rock, and is portrayed by Lizzy Caplan.[18]

In the first series of RuPaul's Drag Race: UK Versus the World, contestant Baga Chipz portrayed Kathy Bates as Annie Wilkes for the show’s signature Snatch Game celebrity impersonation challenge, for which she was named one of the two challenge winners.[19]


The American Film Institute included Annie (as played by Bates) in their "100 Heroes and Villains" list, ranking her as the 17th most iconic villain (and sixth most iconic villainess) in film history.[20]

During an interview in April 2022, King selected Annie as his top pick character, just saying that "she [Annie] was fun".[21]


  1. ^ "Stephen King > Quotes > Quotable Quote". Goodreads. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  2. ^ "Kathy Bates: Annie Wilkes". IMDb. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  3. ^ King, Stephen (2002). On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. New York City: Pocket Books. p. 190. ISBN 978-1439156810.
  4. ^ a b Misery: Collector's Edition (DVD). 20th Century Fox. 2007.
  5. ^ Julie Ganapathi at IMDb Edit this at Wikidata
  6. ^ Eat This With Some Fava Beans
  7. ^ Stasio, Marilyn (15 November 2015). "Broadway Review: 'Misery' With Bruce Willis, Laurie Metcalf". Variety. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
  8. ^ Gritten, David (December 29, 1992). "Sharon Gless Out on a Limb". Los Angeles Times.
  9. ^ Wolf, Matt (December 22, 1992). "Shock Novel 'Misery' Comes to the London Stage". Deseret News.
  10. ^ Ings, Richard (1 October 2005). "'Misery' @ King's Head Theatre, London". musicomh.com.
  11. ^ "Piina - Tampereen Teatteri". tampereenteatteri.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  12. ^ Mörttinen, Valtteri (October 4, 2019). "Antti Mikkola ottaa Stephen Kingin Piinasta Tampereen Teatterissa irti sen mitä saa – ja vähän enemmän". kulttuuritoimitus.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  13. ^ Ala-Korpela, Anu (October 4, 2019). "Tampereen Teatteri teki Piinasta hyytävän trillerin, joka on oikeasti jännittävä – päähenkilön kokema kipu tuntuu katsojassa asti" (in Finnish). Aamulehti. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  14. ^ "Kuopion kaupunginteatteri - Piina". kuopionkaupunginteatteri.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved January 19, 2020.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ Myöhänen, Ulriikka (January 9, 2019). "Kauhua näyttämöllä: Kuopion kaupunginteatterissa nähdään syksyllä Stephen Kingin "Piina"" (in Finnish). YLE. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  16. ^ "PIINA – Porin Teatteri".
  17. ^ Salonen, Marita (12 November 2022). "Porilainen Piina ottaa katsojan mukaan hulluuden partaalle – King-klassikko Porin Teatterissa". kulttuuritoimitus.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 23 July 2023.
  18. ^ Squires, John (12 December 2019). "EDITORIALS | The Annie Wilkes Origin Story Reaches a Perfect Conclusion in "Castle Rock" Season Finale". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  19. ^ Swift, Andy (22 February 2022). "Drag Race UK vs. The World Episode 4 Elimination Leaves Everyone Gagged". TVLine.
  20. ^ AFI list of 100 heroes and villains
  21. ^ Vaux, Robert (9 April 2022). "Stephen King's Favorite Characters From His Books (& What Films to Find Them In)". Comic Book Resources.

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