|61st Mayor of Houston|
January 2, 2010 – January 2, 2016
|Preceded by||Bill White|
|Succeeded by||Sylvester Turner|
|14th City Controller of Houston|
January 2, 2004 – January 2, 2010
|Preceded by||Judy Johnson|
|Succeeded by||Ronald Green|
|Member of the Houston City Council
from At-large Position 1
January 2, 1998 – January 2, 2004
|Preceded by||Gracie Saenz|
|Succeeded by||Mark Ellis|
|Born||Annise Danette Parker
May 17, 1956
Houston, Texas, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Kathy Hubbard (m. 2014)|
|Alma mater||Rice University|
Annise Danette Parker (born May 17, 1956) is an American politician who was Mayor of Houston, Texas from 2010 until 2016. She also served as an at-large member of the Houston City Council from 1998 to 2003 and city controller from 2004 to 2010.
Parker was Houston's second female mayor (after Kathy Whitmire), and one of the first openly gay mayors of a major U.S. city, with Houston being the most populous U.S. city to elect an openly gay mayor.
Following the voter-approval of Proposition 2 on November 3, 2015, which extended the terms of the Mayor, City Controller, and City Councilmembers to two four-year terms, Parker became the last Houston Mayor to be limited to serving three two-year terms.
Early life and education
Parker was born in Houston on May 17, 1956 and grew up in the community of Spring Branch, where she attended public schools. Her mother was a bookkeeper, and her adoptive father worked for the Red Cross. In 1971, when Parker was 15, her family moved to a U.S. Army post in Mannheim, Germany for two years. In Germany, she volunteered in the Red Cross youth service organization and worked at the post library.
Parker began attending Rice University on a National Merit scholarship in 1974, working several jobs to pay for her room and board. A member of Jones College, she graduated in 1978 with a bachelor's degree in anthropology, psychology and sociology.
Prior to serving as an elected official, Parker worked in the oil and gas industry as a software analyst for over 20 years, including 18 years at Mosbacher Energy. In addition, she co-owned Inklings Bookshop with business partner Pokey Anderson from the late 1980s until 1997 and served as president of the Neartown Civic Association from 1995 to 1997. In 1986 and 1987, she was president of the Houston GLBT Political Caucus.
Parker currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Holocaust Museum Houston and Girls Inc. and the Advisory Boards of the Houston Zoo, the Montrose Counseling Center, Bering Omega Community Services, and Trees for Houston. She is also involved in historic preservation efforts in Houston and received the “Good Brick Award” from the Greater Houston Preservation Alliance for her restoration of historic properties in the Old Sixth Ward.
In 2014, after the passage of the Houston Equal Rights Ordinance (HERO), opponents of the ordinance submitted 50,000 signatures to the city to force the ordinance to a vote. The city announced that the opponents were over 2,000 signatures short of the 17,269 needed to put the matter to a vote. Following a lawsuit against the city, city attorneys defending the law filed a subpoena for sermons from local Christian pastors. Attorneys for the pastors called the subpoenas retaliation against Christians for opposing the ordinance, but Parker maintained that the attorneys hired to defend the law were working pro bono and that the city was unaware and not connected to the subpoena. After the subpoenas were withdrawn, local city pastors filed a civil rights lawsuit against Parker.
Parker ran unsuccessfully for City Council District C in 1991 and again in 1995, finishing third in the special election for At-Large position 4, the seat vacated by Sheila Jackson Lee after her election to Congress.
In 1997, Parker prevailed in the runoff election for At-Large position 1 to become Houston's first openly gay elected official. She was re-elected twice to the same seat in 1999 and 2001 without being forced to a run-off. As a councilmember, she was recognized as "Councilmember of the Year" by the Houston Police Officers Union and earned the "Distinguished Local Elected Official Award" from the Texas Recreational and Park Society.
In 2003, Parker was elected City Controller. She was re-elected in 2005 and 2007 unopposed. In addition, Parker also secured a seat for a controller's appointee on the Houston Municipal Pension System Board of Trustees, marking the first time the city's chief financial officer has had any involvement in the pension system."
In 2009, Parker announced her candidacy for the office of Mayor of Houston in a video posted online to her campaign website. She was endorsed by several organizations and campaigned on a platform of better city security and financial efficiency. Other people who were in the running for mayor included Houston City Council Member Peter Hoyt Brown and Harris County school board trustee Roy Morales; they were eliminated from the race on November 3, 2009. She entered the run-off election with the most votes to face former Houston City Attorney Gene Locke who garnered the second most votes. In the general election, the city's primary newspaper endorsed both Parker and Locke.
During the run-off election, Parker was endorsed by former rival Peter Hoyt Brown. The city's primary newspaper, the Houston Chronicle, endorsed Parker over Locke citing her experience. Parker was elected mayor on December 12, 2009, and assumed office on January 2, 2010. Houston became the largest U.S. city ever to have an openly gay individual serve as mayor. After the election, Parker declared that the top priorities of her administration would be improving transportation, balancing the city's budget, and selecting a new police chief.
In the 2011 election, Parker won a second term as Houston's Mayor, by defeating Fernando Herrera, Jack O'Connor, Dave Wilson, Kevin Simms, and Amanda Ulman, without a runoff.
In November 2013, Parker won a third term as Houston's Mayor by winning over 57% of the vote, making a runoff unnecessary. She was succeeded on January 2, 2016 by state legislator Sylvester Turner, who is the city's second African American mayor.
Parker and her partner, Kathy Hubbard, have been together since 1990. On January 16, 2014, Parker and Hubbard were married in Palm Springs, California. They have three foster children.
|Candidate||Vote Number||Vote Percentage|
|Annise D. Parker||97,009||57.22%|
|Eric B. Dick||18,302||10.79%|
|Keryl Burgess Douglas||1,192||0.70%|
|Derek A. Jenkins||823||0.49%|
|Charyl L. Drab||767||0.45%|
- "Mayor's Office". City of Houston, TX. Retrieved December 15, 2011.
- "Past City Controllers". The City of Houston. 2013. Archived from the original on 2011-06-23. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
Annise D. Parker (2004 - 2010)
- Bustillo, Miguel (December 12, 2009). "Houston Election May Prove Historic". The Wall Street Journal.
- Olson, Bradley (December 13, 2009). "Annise Parker elected Houston's next mayor". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on December 17, 2009. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
- James C. McKinley Jr (December 12, 2009). "Houston Is Largest City to Elect Openly Gay Mayor". New York Times. Archived from the original on February 25, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
- "About Annise". Annise Parker for Houston. The Annise Parker Campaign. Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. Retrieved March 9, 2009.
- Brotzen, Franz (December 13, 2009). "Rice alumna Annise Parker elected Houston mayor". Rice University.
- James, Randy (December 15, 2009). "Annise Parker, Houston's Gay Mayor". Time. Archived from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
- Todd Starnes (October 14, 2014). "City of Houston demands pastors turn over sermons". Fox News. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- Valerie Richardson (October 29, 2014). "Houston mayor withdraws pastor subpoenas after national uproar". Washington Times. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- Josh Sanburn (October 17, 2014). "Houston's Pastors Outraged After City Subpoenas Sermons Over Transgender Bill". Time. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- Eyder Peralta (October 17, 2014). "Houston Narrows The Scope Of Controversial Subpoena Of Pastors' Sermons". National Public Radio. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- "Pastors sue Houston Mayor Parker over sermons subpoenaed". ABC 13. August 3, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- Verhovek, Sam Howe (December 8, 1997). "Houston Elects Lee Brown As Its First Black Mayor". The New York Times. Retrieved November 25, 2007.
- "Office of the City Secretary". Houstontx.gov. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- "Office of the City Controller". Archived from the original on March 24, 2009. Retrieved March 9, 2009.
- "Annise Parker Official Website". Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- Nancy Ford (August 14, 2008). "Annie's List Makes Early Endorsement of Annise Parker for Houston Mayor in 2009". OutSmart Magazine. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- "Locke Concedes In Mayor's Race – Politics News Story – KPRC Houston". Archived from the original on December 16, 2009. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
- Martin, Jonathan; Smith, Ben (December 16, 2009). "Houston election signals key trend". Politico. politico.com. Archived from the original on December 19, 2009. Retrieved December 16, 2009.
- Olson, Bradley (December 15, 2009). "Budget cuts, HPD top Parker's agenda (w/video)". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- Morris, Mike (January 16, 2014). "Mayor Parker marries longtime partner". Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas: Hearst Newspapers LLC. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
- Turner, Allan (December 27, 2013). "Source: Parker, partner plan January wedding". Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas: Hearst Corporation. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
Mayor Annise Parker and her partner of 23 years, Houston tax preparer Kathy Hubbard, are planning to marry, a source close to the couple said Friday.
- Snyder, Mike. "East Montrose retains flavor after gentrification" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. Sunday May 12, 2002. Retrieved on November 12, 2015. "The design of many of the new townhomes discourages interaction with neighbors, said City Councilwoman Annise Parker, who has lived in East Montrose for more than 11 years."
- "City of Houston General Election - November 4, 2003" (PDF). Election Information and Results - Office of the City Secretary. The City of Houston. p. 3. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "City of Houston Runoff Election - December 6, 2003" (PDF). Election Information and Results - Office of the City Secretary. The City of Houston. p. 1. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "City of Houston Runoff Election - November 3, 2009" (PDF). Election Information and Results, Office of the City Secretary. The City of Houston. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "City of Houston Runoff Election - December 12, 2009" (PDF). Election Information and Results, Office of the City Secretary. The City of Houston. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Annise Parker.|
- Annise Parker campaign website
- CityMayors profile
- Parker, Annise and Madeline Appel. Mayor Annise Parker Oral History, Houston Oral History Project, December 29, 2010.
|Mayor of Houston