|61st Mayor of Houston|
January 2, 2010 – January 2, 2016
|Preceded by||Bill White|
|Succeeded by||Sylvester Turner|
|14th City Controller of Houston|
January 2, 2004 – January 2, 2010
|Preceded by||Judy Johnson|
|Succeeded by||Ronald Green|
|Member of the Houston City Council|
from At-large Position 1
January 2, 1998 – January 2, 2004
|Preceded by||Gracie Saenz|
|Succeeded by||Mark Ellis|
Annise Danette Parker
May 17, 1956
Houston, Texas, U.S.
|Education||Rice University (BA)|
Annise Danette Parker (born May 17, 1956) is an American politician who served as the 61st Mayor of Houston, Texas, from 2010 until 2016. She also served as an at-large member of the Houston City Council from 1998 to 2003 and city controller from 2004 to 2010.
Parker was Houston's second female mayor (after Kathy Whitmire), and one of the first openly gay mayors of a major U.S. city, with Houston being the most populous U.S. city to date to elect an openly gay mayor, until Lori Lightfoot was elected mayor of Chicago in 2019.
Following the voter-approval of Proposition 2 on November 3, 2015, which extended the terms of the Mayor, City Controller, and City Councilmembers to two four-year terms, Parker became the last Houston Mayor to be limited to serving three two-year terms.
Early life and education
Parker was born in Houston on May 17, 1956, and grew up in the community of Spring Branch, where she attended public schools. Her mother was a bookkeeper, and her adoptive father worked for the Red Cross. She lived briefly in Mississippi and South Carolina. In 1971, when Parker was 15, her family moved to a U.S. Army post in Mannheim, Germany for two years. In Germany, she volunteered in the Red Cross youth service organization and worked at the post library.
Growing up, Parker was extremely shy and suffered from extreme anxiety. Her family even nicknamed her "turtle", and she maintains a turtle collection today.
Parker began attending Rice University on a National Merit scholarship in 1974, working several jobs to pay for her room and board. While at Rice, Parker founded a lesbian student group. A member of Jones College, she graduated in 1978 with a bachelor's degree in anthropology, psychology and sociology. In 2005, Parker completed Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government program for Senior Executives in State and Local Government as a David Bohnett LGBTQ Victory Institute Leadership Fellow.
Prior to serving as an elected official, Parker worked in the oil and gas industry as a software analyst for over 20 years, including 18 years at Mosbacher Energy. In addition, she co-owned Inklings Bookshop with business partner Pokey Anderson from the late 1980s until 1997 and served as president of the Neartown Civic Association from 1995 to 1997. In 1986 and 1987, she was president of the Houston GLBT Political Caucus.
As of January 2018, Parker is currently CEO and President of the Gay and Lesbian Victory Fund and Leadership Institute. She is also a professor at the Doerr Institute for New Leaders at Rice University. In 2017 after her role as Mayor of Houston, she served as Senior Vice President and Chief Strategy Officer for BakerRipley.
Parker currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Holocaust Museum Houston and Girls Inc. and the Advisory Boards of the Houston Zoo, the Montrose Counseling Center, Bering Omega Community Services, and Trees for Houston. She is also involved in historic preservation efforts in Houston and received the “Good Brick Award” from the Greater Houston Preservation Alliance for her restoration of historic properties in the Old Sixth Ward.
Parker ran unsuccessfully for City Council District C in 1991 and again in 1995, finishing third in the special election for At-Large position 4, the seat vacated by Sheila Jackson Lee after her election to Congress.
In 1997, Parker prevailed in the runoff election for At-Large position 1 to become Houston's first openly gay elected official. She was re-elected twice to the same seat in 1999 and 2001 without being forced to a run-off. As a councilmember, she was recognized as "Councilmember of the Year" by the Houston Police Officers Union and earned the "Distinguished Local Elected Official Award" from the Texas Recreational and Park Society.
In 2003, Parker was elected City Controller. She was re-elected in 2005 and 2007 unopposed. In addition, Parker also secured a seat for a controller's appointee on the Houston Municipal Pension System Board of Trustees, marking the first time the city's chief financial officer has had any involvement in the pension system."
In 2009, Parker announced her candidacy for the office of Mayor of Houston in a video posted online to her campaign website. She was endorsed by several organizations and campaigned on a platform of better city security and financial efficiency. Other people who were in the running for mayor included Houston City Council Member Peter Hoyt Brown and Harris County school board trustee Roy Morales; they were eliminated from the race on November 3, 2009. She entered the run-off election with the most votes to face former Houston City Attorney Gene Locke who garnered the second most votes. In the general election, the city's primary newspaper endorsed both Parker and Locke.
During the run-off election, Parker was endorsed by former rival Peter Hoyt Brown. The city's primary newspaper, the Houston Chronicle, endorsed Parker over Locke citing her experience. Parker was elected mayor on December 12, 2009, and assumed office on January 2, 2010. Houston became the largest U.S. city ever to have an openly gay individual serve as mayor. After the election, Parker declared that the top priorities of her administration would be improving transportation, balancing the city's budget, and selecting a new police chief.
In the 2011 election, Parker won a second term as Houston's Mayor by defeating Fernando Herrera, Jack O'Connor, Dave Wilson, Kevin Simms, and Amanda Ulman without a runoff.
In November 2013, Parker won a third term as Houston's Mayor by winning 57.22% of the vote, making a runoff unnecessary.
Parker was succeeded on January 2, 2016, by state legislator Sylvester Turner, who became the city's second African American mayor.
Houston Equal Rights Ordinance
On May 28, 2014, the Houston City Council passed the Houston Equal Rights Ordinance (HERO) which was authored by Parker, by a vote of 11 to 6. Mayor Parker had certified that "there exists a public emergency requiring that this Ordinance be passed finally on the date of its introduction". On July 3, 2014, opponents of the ordinance submitted 50,000 signatures to the city to force the ordinance to a vote of the public. The city announced that the opponents were 2,022 signatures short of the 17,269 needed to put the matter to a vote. HERO opponents filed a lawsuit against Mayor Parker and the city on August 5, 2014. In response, city attorneys defending the law filed subpoenas for sermons from local Christian pastors. Attorneys for the pastors called the subpoenas retaliation against Christians for opposing the ordinance. Parker maintained that the attorneys who dealt with the lawsuit for the city were outside lawyers (i.e., not city employees) and that she and City Attorney David Feldman had been unaware of the subpoenas. After what some news organizations called a "firestorm" of criticism over the subpoenas (Parker said that she had been "vilified coast to coast"), Parker directed the city's attorneys on October 29, 2014, to withdraw the subpoenas. After the subpoenas were withdrawn, local city pastors filed a civil rights lawsuit against Parker. The ordinance was later overturned by Houston voters by a 61%-39% margin.
Parker and her wife, Kathy Hubbard, have been together since 1990. On January 16, 2014, Parker and Hubbard were married in Palm Springs, California. They have two adopted children together as well as a then-teenage boy that they offered a home and whom they consider their son and a god-daughter.
Awards and honors
In June 2020, in honor of the 50th anniversary of the first LGBTQ Pride parade, Queerty named her among the fifty heroes “leading the nation toward equality, acceptance, and dignity for all people”.
|Candidate||Vote Number||Vote Percentage|
|Annise D. Parker||97,009||57.22%|
|Eric B. Dick||18,302||10.79%|
|Keryl Burgess Douglas||1,192||0.70%|
|Derek A. Jenkins||823||0.49%|
|Charyl L. Drab||767||0.45%|
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Annise D. Parker (2004 - 2010)
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- Wright, John (August 6, 2014). "Opponents of Equal Rights Ordinance sue Mayor Annise Parker, city of Houston". Lone Star Q. Archived from the original on October 19, 2014.
a lawsuit filed Tuesday by opponents of the city's Equal Rights Ordinance.
- "Text of Houston Equal Rights Ordinance - Ordinance No. 2014-530" (PDF). City of Houston, Texas. June 3, 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 26, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
Section 6. That there exists a public emergency requiring that this Ordinance be passed finally on the date of its introduction as requested in writing by the Mayor; therefore, this Ordinance shall be passed finally on such date(i.e., upon its first reading before the City Council rather than its second reading as per the normal procedure.)
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- Todd Starnes (October 14, 2014). "City of Houston demands pastors turn over sermons". Fox News. Archived from the original on May 3, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
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- "Houston declares non-discrimination ordinance's repeal petition invalid". KTRK-TV Houston. August 4, 2014. Archived from the original on May 10, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
For this specific petition, a total of 17,269 signatures were needed. Feldman says the number of valid signatures submitted came to only 15,247.
- Eyder Peralta (October 17, 2014). "Houston Narrows The Scope Of Controversial Subpoena Of Pastors' Sermons". National Public Radio. Archived from the original on April 30, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
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- "Editorial: Houston went too far in sermon subpoenas". The Dallas Morning News. October 2014. Archived from the original on January 11, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
Amid a firestorm of criticism
- Weiss, Debra Cassens (October 16, 2014). "Sermon subpoena request was overbroad, Houston mayor acknowledges". ABA Journal. American Bar Association. Archived from the original on January 11, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
After a firestorm erupted over the subpoenas
- Gryboski, Michael (October 29, 2014). "Houston Mayor Annise Parker Drops Subpoenas Demanding Pastors Turn Over Their Sermons". The Christian Post. Archived from the original on August 5, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
I am directing the city legal department to withdraw the subpoenas issued to the five Houston pastors
- "Pastors sue Houston Mayor Parker over sermons subpoenaed". ABC 13. August 3, 2015. Archived from the original on May 8, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
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- Morris, Mike (January 16, 2014). "Mayor Parker marries longtime partner". Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas: Hearst Newspapers, LLC. Archived from the original on January 17, 2014. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
- Turner, Allan (December 27, 2013). "Source: Parker, partner plan January wedding". Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas: Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
Mayor Annise Parker and her partner of 23 years, Houston tax preparer Kathy Hubbard, are planning to marry, a source close to the couple said Friday.
- Melanie Lawson (March 29, 2015). "Houston Mayor Annise Parker Talks About Marriage, Children". Archived from the original on March 4, 2017. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 11, 2019. Retrieved July 11, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Snyder, Mike. "East Montrose retains flavor after gentrification" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. Sunday May 12, 2002. Retrieved on November 12, 2015. "The design of many of the new townhomes discourages interaction with neighbors, said City Councilwoman Annise Parker, who has lived in East Montrose for more than 11 years."
- "Queerty Pride50 2020 Honorees". Queerty. Archived from the original on July 24, 2020. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- Editors (July 2, 2020). "9 queer political figures creating a more perfect union this election year". Queerty. Archived from the original on August 10, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2020.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 14, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Annise Parker.|
- Annise Parker article in Ballotpedia
- Annise Parker campaign website (archived)
- CityMayors Mayor of the Month profile of Annise Parker (February 2015)
- Parker, Annise and Madeline Appel. Mayor Annise Parker Oral History, Houston Oral History Project, December 29, 2010.
| Mayor of Houston