The Annisquam River is a tidal, salt-water estuary in Annisquam and Gloucester, Massachusetts, connecting Annisquam Harbor on the north to Gloucester Harbor on the south. The segment between Gloucester Harbor and the Newburyport/Rockport Line bridge is also known as the Blynman Canal.
The estuary is about 4.5 miles (7.2 km) long, navigable, and open to the ocean at both ends. Its surface area is 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2). The name "Annisquam" comes from an Algonquian term meaning "top of the rock, containing <wanashque>, "on top of", and <-ompsk>, "rock". The first European settlement in Annisquam was established in 1631. The river was dredged by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in 1965 to create a channel some 8 feet (2.4 m) deep, and 60 to 200 feet (61 m) wide. Annisquam Harbor Light stands on the east, Cape Ann, side of the north entrance to the river.
There are strong tidal currents in the river, and unusually the current flows in opposite directions at the two ends.
- Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-8061-3598-4. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
- "Gloucester Harbor and Annisquam River". U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Archived from the original on August 20, 2010. Retrieved December 24, 2010.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Blynman Canal
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Annisquam River