Annona montana

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Annona montana
Annona montana.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Annona
A. montana
Binomial name
Annona montana

Annona marcgravii Mart.[1]
Annona muricata Vell.
Annona pisonis Mart.
Annona sphaerocarpa[2]

Annona montana, the mountain soursop, is an edible fruit and medicinal plant in the Annonaceae family native to Central America, the Amazon, and islands in the Caribbean. It has fibrous fruits.[3] A. montana might find its greatest impact as rootstock for cultivated Annonas.[4] The Latin specific epithet montana refers to mountains or coming from mountains.[5]

Common names[edit]

  • English: Mountain soursop, wild soursop
  • Czech: mountain soursop
  • German: Schleimapfel
  • Spanish: guanábana cimarrona, guanábana, guanábana de loma, guanábana de monte, guanábana de perro, taragus, turagua
  • Persian: ساپاديل كوهي
  • French: corossolier bâtard
  • Guarani: araticu
  • Japanese: ヤマトゲバンレイシ
  • Hindi: पहाड़ी जार साप
  • Hungarian: hegyi annóna
  • Portuguese: araticum, araticum açú, araticum apé
  • Chinese: 山刺果番荔枝
  • Slovak: anona[6][7]


The tree somewhat resembles that of Annona muricata but has a more spreading crown and very glossy leaves. It is slightly hardier and bears more or less continuously.[8] It tolerates brief temperature drops down to 24F when full grown.[9] Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads.[10]

Nearly round, dark green skin that is covered with many short fleshy spines and about 15 centimetres (5.9 in) long. Yellow, fiberous pulp which is aromatic, sour to subacid and bitter and contains many light-brown, plump seeds.[8] The fibrous fruits are considered inedible by the Jamaicans.

On the other hand, there are some varieties which has a better quality; are used much like the soursop.[9]


Found growing at altitudes from 0 metres (0 ft) to 650 metres (2,130 ft).[8]

Caribbean: West Indies
Central America: Costa Rica, Panama
Western South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador[1]
United States
Southern Florida
Israel (unlike Soursop it is cultivated and fruited at Galilee in Israel)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Annona montana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2008-04-18.
  2. ^ W3tropicos. "Annona montana Macfad". Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
  3. ^ Cassidy, Frederic Gomes (2002) [1967]. "Mountain Witch". A Dictionary of Jamaican English. University of the West Indies Press. ISBN 976-640-127-6.
  4. ^ Llamas, Kirsten Albrecht (2003). "Annonaceae". Tropical Flowering Plants: A Guide to Identification and Cultivation. University of the West Indies Press. ISBN 0-88192-585-3.
  5. ^ Archibald William Smith A Gardener's Handbook of Plant Names: Their Meanings and Origins, p. 239, at Google Books
  6. ^ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2007-11-21). "AGROVOC Thesaurus". AGROVOC. United Nations. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
  7. ^ Bioversity International. "Result set for: Annonaceae Annona montana". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 2008-04-18.[dead link]
  8. ^ a b c Morton, Julia F (1999-04-02). "Wild Custard Apple". New Crops. Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, Purdue University. pp. 86–88. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
  9. ^ a b [tradewindsfruit internet site]
  10. ^ Tsou, C.-H.; Fu, Y.-L. (2002). "Tetrad pollen formation in Annona (Annonaceae): proexine formation andbinding mechanism". American Journal of Botany. 89 (5): 734–747. doi:10.3732/ajb.89.5.734. ISSN 0002-9122.

External links[edit]

Data related to Annona montana at Wikispecies