Annona montana

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Annona montana
Annona montana.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Annona
A. montana
Binomial name
Annona montana

Annona marcgravii Mart.[2]
Annona muricata Vell.
Annona pisonis Mart.
Annona sphaerocarpa[3]

Ripening fruit, in Pernambuco, Brazil

Annona montana, the mountain soursop, is an edible fruit in the Annonaceae family native to Central America, the Amazon, and islands in the Caribbean. It has fibrous fruits.[4] A. montana may be used as a rootstock for cultivated Annonas.[5]

Etymology and common names[edit]

The Latin specific epithet montana refers to mountains or "coming from mountains".[6]

  • English: mountain soursop, mountain sop, wild soursop
  • Czech: mountain soursop
  • German: Schleimapfel
  • Spanish: guanábana cimarrona, guanábana, guanábana de loma, guanábana de monte, guanábana de perro, taragus, turagua
  • French: corossolier bâtard
  • Guarani: araticu
  • Hungarian: hegyi annóna
  • Portuguese: araticum, araticum açú, araticum apé
  • Slovak: anona[7][8]


The tree is similar to Annona muricata, but has a more spreading crown and glossy leaves. It is slightly hardier and bears fruit throughout the year.[9] It tolerates brief temperature drops down to 24 °F (−4 °C) when full grown.[10] Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads.[11] The fruits are nearly round, with dark green skin covered with many short fleshy spines, and are about 15 centimetres (5.9 in) long. Yellow, fibrous pulp – which is aromatic – is sour and bitter, containing many light-brown, plump seeds.[9] There is history of its use as a traditional medicine.[9]


A. montana grows wild at altitudes from 0 metres (0 ft) to 650 metres (2,130 ft).[9] Its natural distribution is:

Caribbean: West Indies
Central America: Costa Rica, Panama
South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil[2][12]
United States: Southern Florida and Puerto Rico[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Verspagen, N.; Erkens, R.H.J. (2020). "Annona montana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T142423951A142423971. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T142423951A142423971.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Annona montana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2008-04-18.
  3. ^ W3tropicos. "Annona montana Macfad". Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
  4. ^ Cassidy, Frederic Gomes (2002) [1967]. "Mountain Witch". A Dictionary of Jamaican English. University of the West Indies Press. ISBN 976-640-127-6.
  5. ^ Llamas, Kirsten Albrecht (2003). "Annonaceae". Tropical Flowering Plants: A Guide to Identification and Cultivation. University of the West Indies Press. ISBN 0-88192-585-3.
  6. ^ Archibald William Smith A Gardener's Handbook of Plant Names: Their Meanings and Origins, p. 239, at Google Books
  7. ^ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2007-11-21). "Thesaurus, FAO". AGROVOC. United Nations. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
  8. ^ Bioversity International. "Result set for: Annonaceae Annona montana". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 2008-04-18.[dead link]
  9. ^ a b c d e Morton, Julia F (1999-04-02). "Wild Custard Apple". New Crops. Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University. pp. 86–88. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
  10. ^ "Mountain Soursop - Annona montana". Trade Winds Fruit. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  11. ^ Tsou, C.-H.; Fu, Y.-L. (2002). "Tetrad pollen formation in Annona (Annonaceae): proexine formation andbinding mechanism". American Journal of Botany. 89 (5): 734–747. doi:10.3732/ajb.89.5.734. ISSN 0002-9122. PMID 21665673.
  12. ^ "Annona montana". Useful Tropical Plants. Retrieved 15 February 2019.

Data related to Annona montana at Wikispecies