Annona reticulata

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Annona reticulata
Annona reticulata Blanco1.197-cropped.jpg
Custard Apple or Wild Sweetsop
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Annona
A. reticulata
Binomial name
Annona reticulata
Range of Annona reticulata-Native.svg
Native range of A. reticulata

Annona lutescens Saff.[1]
Annona excelsa Kunth
Annona laevis Kunth
Annona longifolia Sessé & Moc.
Annona riparia Kunth

Custard-apple, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy423 kJ (101 kcal)
25.2 g
Dietary fiber2.4 g
0.6 g
1.7 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Thiamine (B1)
0.08 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
0.1 mg
Niacin (B3)
0.5 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
0.135 mg
Vitamin B6
0.221 mg
Vitamin C
19.2 mg
MineralsQuantity %DV
30 mg
0.71 mg
18 mg
21 mg
382 mg
4 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae.[2] It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name it shares with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola[3] and A. squamosa[4] or sometimes it is called wild-sweetsop, bull's heart, bullock's-heart, or ox-heart. The flavor of the fruit is sweet and pleasant, but less popular than that of A. cherimola.


It is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree reaching 8 metres (26 ft) to 10 metres (33 ft) tall with an open, irregular crown.[5]

Custard apple for sale at a fruit vendor near Sangareddi, Telangana, India
Stems and leaves
The slender leaves are hairless, straight and pointed at the apex (in some varieties wrinkled), 10 centimetres (3.9 in) to 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long and 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 7 centimetres (2.8 in) wide.[5]
The yellow-green flowers are generally in clusters of three or four 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 3 centimetres (1.2 in) diameter, with three long outer petals and three very small inner ones.[5] Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads.[6]
Fruits and reproduction
The fruits varies in shape, heart-shaped, spherical, oblong or irregular. The size ranges from 7 centimetres (2.8 in) to 12 centimetres (4.7 in), depending on the cultivar. When ripe, the fruit is brown or yellowish, with red highlights and a varying degree of reticulation, depending again on the variety. The flesh varies from juicy and very aromatic to hard with a repulsive taste.[5] The flavor is sweet and pleasant, akin to the taste of 'traditional' custard.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Possibly a native of the Caribbean[7] and Central America,[1] Annona reticulata is now pantropical[7] and can be found growing between altitudes of 0 metres (0 ft) to 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) in areas of Central America that have alternating wet and dry seasons.[5] It is cultivated in many tropical countries, and also occurs as feral populations in many parts of the world, including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Australia, and Africa.

Cultivated and naturalized[7] in many parts of the world including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Australia, and Africa.

Central Mexico: Veracruz
Central America: Belize, Chiapas, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
Caribbean: The Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Jamaica, Cuba
Northern South America: Guyana, Venezuela
Brazil: Acre, Amazonas, Bahia, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
Western South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Paraguay[1][8]


  1. ^ a b c "Annona reticulata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 16 April 2008.
  2. ^ Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). "PLANTS Profile, Annona reticulata L." The PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
  3. ^ "Annona cherimola". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 17 April 2008.
  4. ^ "Annona squamosa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 17 April 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d e Mahdeem, H. (5 July 1998). "Annona reticulata". Neglected Crops. Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, Purdue University. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
  6. ^ Walker JW (1971) Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, 202: 1-130.
  7. ^ a b c "Annona reticulata Linn. [family ANNONACEAE]". Global Plants. JSTOR. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  8. ^ Bioversity International. "Result set for: Annonaceae Annona reticulata". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 16 April 2008.

External links[edit]