Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name it shares with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola and A. squamosa or sometimes it is called wild-sweetsop, bull's heart, bullock's-heart, or ox-heart. The flavor of the fruit is sweet and pleasant, but less popular than that of A. cherimola.
- Stems and leaves
- The slender leaves are hairless, straight and pointed at the apex (in some varieties wrinkled), 10 centimetres (3.9 in) to 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long and 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 7 centimetres (2.8 in) wide.
- The yellow-green flowers are generally in clusters of three or four 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 3 centimetres (1.2 in) diameter, with three long outer petals and three very small inner ones.
- Fruits and reproduction
- The fruits varies in shape, heart-shaped, spherical, oblong or irregular. The size ranges from 7 centimetres (2.8 in) to 12 centimetres (4.7 in), depending on the cultivar. When ripe, the fruit is brown or yellowish, with red highlights and a varying degree of reticulation, depending again on the variety. The flesh varies from juicy and very aromatic to hard with a repulsive taste. The flavor is sweet and pleasant, akin to the taste of 'traditional' custard.
Distribution and habitat
Possibly a native of the Caribbean and Central America, Annona reticulata is now pantropical and can be found growing between altitudes of 0 metres (0 ft) to 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) in areas of Central America that have alternating seasons. It is cultivated in many tropical countries, and also occurs as feral populations in many parts of the world, including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Australia, and Africa.
- Central Mexico: Veracruz
- Central America: Belize, Chiapas, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
- Caribbean: The Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Jamaica, Cuba
- Northern South America: Guyana, Venezuela
- Brazil: Acre, Amazonas, Bahia, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
- Western South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Paraguay
- "Annona reticulata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 16 April 2008.
- Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). "PLANTS Profile, Annona reticulata L". The PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
- "Annona cherimola". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 17 April 2008.
- "Annona squamosa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 17 April 2008.
- Mahdeem, H. (5 July 1998). "Annona reticulata". Neglected Crops. Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, Purdue University. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
- Aluka. "Entry for Annona reticulata Linn. [family ANNONACEAE]". African Plants. Ithaka Harbors, Inc. doi:10.5555/AL.AP.UPWTA.1_232 (inactive 2018-05-30). Retrieved 16 April 2008.[permanent dead link]
- Bioversity International. "Result set for: Annonaceae Annona reticulata". New World Fruits Database. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Annona reticulata.|
|Wikispecies has information related to Annona reticulata|
- Dr. Kiran Kharat article - Induction of mitochondria mediated apoptosis in human breast cancer cells (T-47D) by Annona reticulata L. leaves methanolic extracts
- Custard apple with pictures of the fruit and the tree
- Prospects and potential of fatty acid methyl esters of some non-traditional seed oils for use as biodiesel in India
- Purdue Crop Index page
- "Species Annona reticulata". UniProt Consortium. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
- Mahdeem, H. (5 July 1998). "Annona reticulata". hort.purdue.edu. Retrieved 16 April 2008.