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Jewel orchids
Anoectochilus setaceus.jpg
Anoectochilus setaceus
1844 iIllustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Cranichideae
Subtribe: Goodyerinae
Genus: Anoectochilus
Type species
Anoectochilus setaceus

See text.

Anoectochilus is a genus of about fifty plants in the orchid family Orchidaceae and the subfamily Orchidoideae. They are sometimes called "jewel orchids" because of their attractive foliar venation.


Orchids in the genus Anoectochilus range from the Himalayas to south China, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Guinea, Melanesia and Hawaii,[3] found in moist areas with deep shade. Most are small terrestrials, but a few are lithophytes with green or colored, velvetlike, intricate-veined leaves. The inflorescence on the erect central spike bears a few large pubescent and resupinate flowers with large, prominent lip. The petals form a hood together with the dorsal sepal. There are two stigma and two pollinia.

Taxonomy and naming[edit]

The genus Anoectochilus was first formally described in 1825 by Carl Ludwig Blume and Anoectochilus setaceus was the first species he described, hence it is the type species.[4] The genus name is derived from the Ancient Greek words anoiktos meaning "open"[5]:92 and cheilos meaning "lip" or "rim".[5]:486

List of species[edit]

The following is a list of species recognised by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as at May 2018:[2]


  1. ^ Walter Hood Fitch (1817-1892) del. Swan sc. William Jackson Hooker (1785—1865) ed. - "Curtis's botanical magazine" vol. 70 tab. 4123
  2. ^ a b "Anoectochilus". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 
  3. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ "Anoectochilus setaceus". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 
  5. ^ a b Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. 
  6. ^ "New plant and animal species found in Vietnam" Archived October 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. CNN. September 27, 2007.
  • Ormerod Paul (2005). "Notulae Goodyerinae (II)". Taiwania. 50 (1): 1–10.  (online : [1][permanent dead link]).

External links[edit]