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Jewel orchids
Anoectochilus setaceus.jpg
Anoectochilus setaceus
1844 iIllustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Cranichideae
Subtribe: Goodyerinae
Genus: Anoectochilus
Blume, 1825
Type species
Anoectochilus setaceus

See text.

Anoectochilus is a genus of about 50 orchids (family Orchidaceae) belonging to the subfamily Orchidoideae. They are sometimes called "Jewel orchids" because of their attractive foliar venation.


The name is derived from the Greek words: aniktos (open) and cheilos (lip).


They range from the Himalayas to south China, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Guinea, Melanesia and Hawaii,[2] found in moist areas with deep shade. Most are small terrestrials, but a few are lithophytes with green or colored, velvetlike, intricate-veined leaves. The inflorescence on the erect central spike bears a few large pubescent and resupinate flowers with large, prominent lip. The petals form a hood together with the dorsal sepal. There are two stigma and two pollinia.

List of species[edit]


  1. ^ Walter Hood Fitch (1817-1892) del. Swan sc. William Jackson Hooker (1785—1865) ed. - "Curtis's botanical magazine" vol. 70 tab. 4123
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ "New plant and animal species found in Vietnam" Archived October 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. CNN. September 27, 2007.
  • Ormerod Paul (2005). "Notulae Goodyerinae (II)". Taiwania. 50 (1): 1–10.  (online : [1][permanent dead link]).

External links[edit]