Anoectochilus

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Jewel orchids
Anoectochilus setaceus.jpg
Anoectochilus setaceus
1844 iIllustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Cranichideae
Subtribe: Goodyerinae
Genus: Anoectochilus
Blume[2]
Type species
Anoectochilus setaceus
Blume
Species

See text.

Anoectochilus is a genus of about fifty plants in the orchid family Orchidaceae and the subfamily Orchidoideae. They are sometimes called "jewel orchids" because of their attractive foliar venation.

Description[edit]

Orchids in the genus Anoectochilus range from the Himalayas to south China, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Guinea, Melanesia and Hawaii,[3] found in moist areas with deep shade. Most are small terrestrials, but a few are lithophytes with green or colored, velvetlike, intricate-veined leaves. The inflorescence on the erect central spike bears a few large pubescent and resupinate flowers with large, prominent lip. The petals form a hood together with the dorsal sepal. There are two stigma and two pollinia.

Taxonomy and naming[edit]

The genus Anoectochilus was first formally described in 1825 by Carl Ludwig Blume and Anoectochilus setaceus was the first species he described, hence it is the type species.[4] The genus name is derived from the Ancient Greek words anoiktos meaning "open"[5]:92 and cheilos meaning "lip" or "rim".[5]:486

List of species[edit]

The following is a list of species recognised by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as at May 2018:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walter Hood Fitch (1817-1892) del. Swan sc. William Jackson Hooker (1785—1865) ed. - "Curtis's botanical magazine" vol. 70 tab. 4123
  2. ^ a b "Anoectochilus". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 
  3. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ "Anoectochilus setaceus". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 
  5. ^ a b Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. 
  6. ^ "New plant and animal species found in Vietnam" Archived October 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. CNN. September 27, 2007.
  • Ormerod Paul (2005). "Notulae Goodyerinae (II)". Taiwania. 50 (1): 1–10.  (online : [1][permanent dead link]).

External links[edit]