It is one of the most useful trees in India. Its leaves contain large amounts of gallotannins, and are used in India for tanning. The tree is the source of Indian gum, also known as ghatti gum, which is used for calico printing among other uses. The leaves are also fed on by the Antheraea paphia moth which produces the tassar silk (Tussah), a form of wild silk of commercial importance.
^Studies on dhava tannins. I. The isolation and constitution of a gallotannin from dhava (Anogeissus latifolia). KK Reddy, S Rajadurai, KNS Sastry and Y Nayudamma, Australian Journal of Chemistry, 17 (2), pp. 238-245, doi:10.1071/CH9640238