Anogeissus latifolia

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Anogeissus latifolia
Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb ex DC) Wall ex Gill.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Anogeissus
Species:
A. latifolia
Binomial name
Anogeissus latifolia

Anogeissus latifolia is a species of small to medium-sized tree native to the India, Nepal, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. Its common names are axlewood (English), bakli, dhau, dhawa, dhawra, or dhaora (Hindi), takhian-nu (Thai), and raam (Vietnamese).

Fruit of Anogeissus latifolia

It is one of the most useful trees in India. Its leaves contain large amounts of gallotannins,[1] and are used in India for tanning and firewood.[2] The tree is the source of Indian gum, also known as ghatti gum, which is used for calico printing among other uses. The leaves are also fed on by the Antheraea paphia moth which produces the tassar silk (Tussah), a form of wild silk of commercial importance.[3]

Bark of Anogeissus latifolia

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Studies on dhava tannins. I. The isolation and constitution of a gallotannin from dhava (Anogeissus latifolia). KK Reddy, S Rajadurai, KNS Sastry and Y Nayudamma, Australian Journal of Chemistry, 17 (2), pp. 238-245, doi:10.1071/CH9640238
  2. ^ Firewood Crops: Shrub and Tree Species for Energy Production : Report of an Ad Hoc Panel of the Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation, Board on Science and Technology for International Development, Commission on International Relations. National Academies. 1980. p. 112. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-18. Retrieved 2012-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

References[edit]

  • "Anogeissus latifolia", AgroForestry Tree Database. Accessed April 20, 2008. [1]