"Anorak" // is a British slang term which refers to a person who has a very strong interest, perhaps obsessive, in niche subjects. This interest may be unacknowledged or not understood by the general public. The term is sometimes used synonymously with "geek" or "nerd", the Spanish term "friki", or the Japanese term "otaku", albeit referring to different niches.
The first use of the phrase to describe an obsessive fan has been credited to the radio presenter Andy Archer, who used the term in the early 1970s for fans of offshore radio, who would charter boats to come out to sea to visit the radio ships.
In 1983, the first edition of the Anoraks UK Weekly Report was published, featuring news of pirate radio broadcasts. In 1984 the Observer newspaper used the term as a metonym for the prototype group interested in detailed trivia, the trainspotters, as members of this group often wore unfashionable but warm parkas called "anoraks" when standing for hours on station platforms or along railway tracks, noting down details of passing trains.
German journalist Michaela Simon saw a close connection between geeks ("anoraks") and high-functioning autism. Simon's article exhibits one of the rare uses of "anorak" as a synonym of nerd or spotter in the German language. Tony Attwood went as far as to write a book called Confessions of an Autism Anorak, stating his own obsession with the topic. He explains further connections between autism as such and the anorak status in general, based on the extreme male brain theory of Simon Baron-Cohen.
Examples of use
- Roy Cropper, a character from the popular British soap opera Coronation Street, is a stereotypical portrayal of an "anorak".
- In 1992, BBC TV broadcast the Doctor Who documentary Resistance is Useless, in which British actor Steve Steen provided the voice of a faceless anorak-clad narrator known as The Anorak.
- Former British Prime Minister John Major, derided by many for perceived dullness, was described by Anthony Seldon as an "obsessive political anorak".
- Indie pop band Another Sunny Day released a single called "Anorak City" in 1988 on Sarah Records. The "anoraks" described in the lyrics are independent pop fans.
- Progressive rock band Marillion titled their twelfth studio album Anoraknophobia, released in 2001, referring to the long running in-joke that Marillion fans are sometimes called freaks or anoraks. The album cover, tour edition releases, and related press materials feature cartoon graphics of a boy wearing a rain parka in different colors, and holding a wire coat hanger by its hook. Inside the liner notes for the deluxe edition of the album, there is a photograph of each of the band members posed in a similar manner, and standing near a telephone box.
- In the 2011 Ernest Cline novel Ready Player One, "Anorak" is the name of James Halliday's avatar.
- The 2006 BBC TV detective drama series Mayo featured a crime scene expert nicknamed Anorak.
- New Tricks, Season 6, Episode 4 on BBC TV used the phrase anorak to describe the character Jack Halford.
- Anorak of Fire is a 1998 TV movie about a teenaged trainspotter.
- Kate Bush utilizes the term in the song How to be Invisible from the 2005 studio album Aerial.
- Terry Pratchett mentions them frequently in his Discworld novel "Raising Steam", in the classic sense, as the preferred garb for trainspotting railway enthusiasts.
- Peter Capaldi, in an appearance on The Graham Norton Show, described his childhood love of Doctor Who as "my total geekness, my total anorakness."
- Skues, Keith (2009). Pop Went the Pirates II. Horning: Lambs' Meadow Publications. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-907398-05-9.
- "The weekly reports". Anoraks UK - Index. 1983. Retrieved 15 March 2018 – via DX Archive.
- Games, Alex (2007), Balderdash & piffle : one sandwich short of a dog's dinner, London: BBC, ISBN 978-1-84607-235-2
- Oxford Dictionaries: anorak, definition 2 Retrieved 2011-06-05
- Die Geek-Autismus-Connection, Michaela Simon 25.03.2002 Telepolis, given synonyms in the german text comprise "Nerd, anorak, train-spotter, space-cadet, card-board, cut-out, geek, oddball, weirdo, bufty"
- Autism, Access and Inclusion on the Front Line: Confessions of an Autism Anorak Anthony Attwood, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 24.03.2006
- Trends Cogn Sci. 2002 Jun 1;6(6):248-254., The extreme male brain theory of autism. Baron-Cohen
- "Resistance is Useless". Retrieved 7 December 2019.
- Seldon, Anthony. John Major: A Political Life. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998.
- Marillion (1 May 2001). "Anoraknophobia". Racket Records. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- Cline, Ernest (2011). Ready Player One. Random House. p. 54. ISBN 978-0307887443
- "Anorak of Fire (1998)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
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