Anorisaki Lighthouse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Anori Saki Lighthouse

Anorizaki-todai 01.JPG
Anori Saki Lighthouse
Anorisaki Lighthouse is located in Japan
Anorisaki Lighthouse
Location South of Shima
Mie Prefecture
Coordinates 34°21′54.5″N 136°54′30.9″E / 34.365139°N 136.908583°E / 34.365139; 136.908583Coordinates: 34°21′54.5″N 136°54′30.9″E / 34.365139°N 136.908583°E / 34.365139; 136.908583
Year first constructed April 1, 1873 (1873-04-01)[1]
Year first lit 1948 (current)
Automated October 1988
Foundation concrete
Construction concrete tower
Tower shape square frustum tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower and lantern
Height 12.7 metres (42 ft) [1]
Focal height 33.3 metres (109 ft) [1]
Original lens Fourth Order Fresnel
Intensity 330,000 cd
Range 16.5 nautical miles (30.6 km; 19.0 mi)
Characteristic Fl W 15s.[2]
Admiralty number M6042
NGA number 6356
ARLHS number JPN-021
Japan number JCG-2769[3]

Anorisaki Lighthouse (安乗埼灯台 Anorisaki tōdai?) is a lighthouse located on the top of Shima Peninsula in the city of Shima, Mie Prefecture, Japan.


The Anorisaki Lighthouse was designed and constructed by British engineer Richard Henry Brunton, and was first lit on April 1, 1873. It is noteworthy in that it is the first lighthouse in Japan to use a rotating Fresnel lens. The octagonal structure was built of Zelkova serrata wood, and had a total height of 10.6 metres. Brunton constructed a total of 25 lighthouses in Japan from far northern Hokkaidō to southern Kyūshū during his career in Japan, each with a different design. Although Anorisaki Lighthouse was the 20th of the 25 built by Brunton, it was the oldest with a wooden construction.

This lighthouse was relocated five meters inland from its original location in 1911 due to coastal erosion. It was electrified in 1932. In 1948, it was replaced by a more modern design, and the original structure designed by Brunton was later relocated to the Museum of Maritime Science in Tokyo.

The modern replacement was completed in August 1948, and is a square ferro-concrete structure with a total height of 12.7 metres. The lens was upgraded to a 4th order Fresnel in 1950. The lighthouse was fully automated and has been unattended since October 1988. From April 29, 2004 it has been open to the public for tours, with a small museum attached containing displays about the filming of the 1957 Japanese movie Yorokobi mo kanashimi mo ikutoshitsuki.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c 安乗埼灯台 (in Japanese). 4th Regional Coast Guard Headquarters (Japan). Retrieved 31 December 2010. 
  2. ^ Anorisaki Lighthouse
  3. ^ The Lighthouse Directory


  • Brunton, Richard. Building Japan, 1868–1879. Japan Library, 1991. ISBN 1-873410-05-0
  • Pedlar, Neil. The Imported Pioneers: Westerners who Helped Build Modern Japan. Routledge, 1990. ISBN 0-904404-51-X

External links[edit]

Original Brunton-designed structure now at the Museum of Maritime Science, Tokyo