Jump to content


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anoto Group AB (publ)
Company typePublic (Nasdaq StockholmANOT)
PredecessorC Technologies
Revenue173 MSEK[1]
8.9 MSEK
Number of employees
ca. 40

Anoto Group AB (formerly C Technologies) is a Swedish cloud-based software provider (SaaS).


Digital Pen[edit]

Anoto's main product is the Anoto Digital Pen, a combination of an ordinary ink pen and a digital camera that digitally records everything that is written. It works by recognizing a non-repeating dot pattern printed on the paper. The non-repeating nature of the pattern means that the pen is able to determine which page is being written on, and where on the page the pen is.

The dot pattern can be printed on a professional offset printing press or on a laser printer. Dots are printed in black; other colors of ink are invisible to the pen's IR sensor. On a color laser printer, CMY can be mixed to produce a near-black color that is human-readable. For offset printing, Anoto developed an ink color called "Anoto substitute black", a non-carbon-based black ink that is invisible in the IR region, allowing the user to include human-readable black marks with the dot pattern without interference.

While some of Anoto's licensees have targeted the consumer sector, with, for example, learning toys, most licensees sell their products to providers who put together customized vertical market systems. Anoto also sells a software development kit (SDK), numerous software applications, the Anoto Forms Solution (AFS). In addition, Anoto sells an ASIC design for the image processing component of the pen; most pen licensees use the same basic design of optical assembly and pen internals. Anoto has approximately 350 partners, primarily in Europe, the United States, and Japan.

Simplified principle of the Anoto digital pen.
The camera identifies a 6×6 matrix of dots, each displaced from the blue grid (not printed) in one of 4 directions.
The combinations of relative displacements of a 6-bit de Bruijn sequence between the columns, and between the rows gives its absolute position on the digital paper.

Optical scan voting systems are based on Anoto technology.

Models include:

Anoto also has a few other products:

Anoto Forms includes all components required to set up and use digital pen and paper in order to capture, transfer, and incorporate handwritten information from paper forms into any back-end system. Anoto penDocuments Pro allows users to create electronic copies of handwritten documents. Anoto penPresenter is a personal digital whiteboard. By projecting a blank PowerPoint slide, a digital whiteboard is created.


Cognitive Artificial Intelligence is a cloud based AI program designed for offline education use. A digital pen aggregates and converts written analogue data on paper to digital data, and combined with a diagnostics assessment platform, enables an AI algorithm to recommend an individualized study plans.


Anoto's dot pattern, when used with aDNA, allows for the unique and unobtrusive marking of physical objects. This then enables easy identification of individual objects using ubiquitous mobile devices such as phones and tablets. aDNA is opening up new possibilities for product innovation, marketing insights, and supply-chain control.


Anoto used to develop and sell the C-Pen, a one-line text scanner.


Anoto holds more than 300 international patents on their technology and some 300 additional patent applications.

In 2004, Anoto prevailed in a patent infringement lawsuit filed by Oral Sekendur regarding Anoto's dot-pattern technology.[3][4] The Sekendur patent was held invalid.[5]

In 2019, Anoto secured summary judgement against City Soft Limited and one of its directors for infringing on Anoto’s intellectual property.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Anoto Group Year End Report 2017" (PDF). Stockholm, Sweden: Anoto Group. 2017. p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-03-29. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  2. ^ "Oxford Papershow digital pen - E-learning Toolbox". www.elearning.dtu.dk. Retrieved 2023-03-09.
  3. ^ "Patent containing mere germ of an idea invalid for lack of enablement" (PDF). Colorado Bar Association Intellectual Property Newsletter. 2004-11-19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2008-08-23.
  4. ^ Schmetterer, The Honorable Jack (2005-12-15). "In re Oral F. Sekendur" (PDF). United States Bankruptcy Court, Northern District of Illinois. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-23.
  5. ^ Sekendur, Oral F. (1995-12-19). "Optical position determination". United States Patent 5,477,012. Retrieved 2008-08-23.
  6. ^ AB, Anoto Group (2019-03-11). "Anoto secures summary judgement against City Soft Limited and one of its directors". GlobeNewswire News Room. Retrieved 2021-03-16.

External links[edit]