Anoye

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Anoye
Commune
Town hall
Town hall
Anoye is located in France
Anoye
Anoye
Coordinates: 43°23′44″N 0°08′11″W / 43.3956°N 0.1364°W / 43.3956; -0.1364Coordinates: 43°23′44″N 0°08′11″W / 43.3956°N 0.1364°W / 43.3956; -0.1364
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Lembeye
Intercommunality Canton de Lembeye en Vic-Bilh
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Alain Lavoye
Area1 9.65 km2 (3.73 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 149
 • Density 15/km2 (40/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64028 /64350
Elevation 199–344 m (653–1,129 ft)
(avg. 275 m or 902 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Anoye is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Anoyais or Anoyaises.[1]

Geography[edit]

The Léez River
Entry to Anoye.
The War Memorial.
The Church of Notre-Dame.
The Town Hall.

Anoye is located some 25 km north-east of Pau and 15 km west of Vic-en-Bigorre. It can be accessed by the D604 road coming north from the D7 just west of Baleix and continuing through the village and the commune north to Maspie-Lalonquere-Juillacq. The D224 road also goes east from the village to Momy and the D207 road forms part of the western border of the commune. The commune is heavily forested in the east and central west however there is a large area of farmland in a central north-south strip and also in the west.

The Léez river, a tributary of the Adour, flows from south to north in the east of the commune with a tributary forming the north-western border of the commune and another tributary forming part of the southern border. A further tributary flows east just south of the village into the Lees.

Historical Places and Hamlets[edit]

  • Astis[2][3]
  • Bourdallé[4]
  • Cantou[5]
  • Capdepont
  • Chambord
  • la Commande[6] or Lacommande
  • Dibat
  • Fustié[7]
  • Gassiabère
  • Gué
  • l'Honoré[8]
  • Hourticq[9]
  • Lasbarthes
  • Latare
  • Lermanou[10]
  • Mandou[11]
  • Mouly d'Anoye[12]
  • Mouly deu Poun[13]
  • Nouaou[14]
  • Perrieu
  • Pessarthou[15]
  • Talabot
  • Teulé
  • Trianon
  • Les Trois Fontaines
  • Les Tuquets

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in Bearnais is Anoja (according to the classical norm of Occitan).

Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[16] states that the origin of the name is Latin (noda or noia) and refers to a "marshland".

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Anoye Noja 1060 Grosclaude Marca Village
Anoia 11th century Raymond
6
Saint-Pé
Anoia 1131 Grosclaude
Noye 1212 Grosclaude Marca
Noia 13th century Raymond
6
Fors de Béarn
le casteg d'Anoge 1372 Raymond
6
Malta
Noye 1385 Raymond
6
Census
Sanctus Orentius de Anoya 1485 Raymond
6
Malta
Noye 1750 Cassini
Annoye 1801 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini Bulletin des lois
La Brouste La Brouste 1778 Raymond
36
Denombrement Wood
Caubin de Sendets Los Ospitals de Sendegs e de Caubin de l'ordie de Sent Johan de Jherusalem 1341 Raymond
47
Malta Commandery of the Order of St John of Jerusalem.
L'Espitau de Sendetz d'Anoya 1492 Raymond
47
Pau
L'Espitau de Scendetz 1538 Raymond
47
Reformation
l'Espitau quy lo comanday de Cauby thien 1548 Raymond
47
Reformation
Caubii de Sendets 1585 Raymond
47
Anoye
Boirie Saint-Jacques 1585 Raymond
47
Anoye
la Commande de Sendets 1585 Raymond
47
Anoye
La Cave La Cave 1863 Raymond
47
Place
Chemin de la Commande lo molin deu Pont sur le Lés 1538 Raymond
51-52
Reformation A way between Momy and Anoye, part of the Romiu way on the Way of St James. In 1538 it designated a Mill of the Commandery of the Order of St John of Jerusalem of Caubin and Morlaàs.

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[16] indicates that the village, a stop on the Way of Saint James of Compostela, was identified in the 11th century. There was also a hospital at Anoye run by the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem under the responsibility of the Commander of Caubin.

In 1385, according to the census demanded by Gaston Phoebus, the village of Anoye had 45 fires and depended on the Bailiwick of Lembeye. There was a market, three to four bakeries, and seven shops.[27]

In 1648[18] the Barony of Lons became a marquisate which included Abitain, Anoye, Baleix, Castillon, Juillacq, Le Leu (a hamlet in Oraàs), Lion, Lons, Maspie, Oraàs, Peyrède (fief of Oraàs), Sauvagnon, and Viellepinte. Paul Raymond[18] noted that Anoye was a former archpreisthood of the diocese of Lescar, a member of the Commandery of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Caubin, and of Morlaàs.

Anoye was the chief town of a district called the Clau of Anoye[18] comprising Anoye, Maspie, Juillacq, and Lion.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[28]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Jean Puyo
2014 2020 Alain Lavoye

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

Anoye is a member of four inter-communal structures:

  • The Community of communes of the Canton de Lembeye en Vic-Bilh;
  • The SIVU of Highways of the Canton de Lembeye;
  • The AEP association of the Lembeye Region;
  • The Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 149 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
498 454 480 557 605 543 547 552 535
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
500 438 433 360 379 337 339 330 298
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
294 279 277 233 230 215 202 183 176
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
171 123 111 121 139 142 - 149 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Anoye

Anoye is part of the urban area of Pau.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Fountain (1652)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[29]
  • A Hospital (ruins)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[30][31] of the Hospitallers of Saint John of Jerusalem and the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem of Sendets, founded in 1315. The hospital had two Maltese Boundary Markers (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg called maltaises which are registered as historical objects. One has been in the Museum of Morlaàs since 1965 and the second has disappeared.[32]
  • A Mill at Mouly deu Poun (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • A Mill at Mouly d'Anoye (1838)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • A Bridge (1784)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[33] over the Léez.
  • A Fortified Complex (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[34] (Motte-and-bailey castle, outer courtyard, moat, entry portal, church, castle) was a lordship present in the 11th century.
  • A former Lay Abbey at Astis (1784)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[2]
  • The Castaing House (1831)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[35]
  • The Sanglar House (1788)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[36]
  • The Teinto House (1861)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[37]
  • The Puyo-Ladevèse Farmhouse at Mandou (1803)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • The Poudjet Farmhouse (1844)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[38]
  • A Farmhouse at Pessarthou (1639)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • A Farmhouse at Nouaou (1793)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • A former Town Hall and School (1783)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[39]
  • The Loste Farmhouse (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[40]
  • A Farmhouse at l'Honoré (1793)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Farmhouse at Lermanou (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A Farmhouse at Bourdallé (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • A Farmhouse at la Commande (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Farmhouse at Hourticq (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • The Guithou House (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[41]
  • A Farmhouse at Fustié (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Farmhouse at Cantou (1807)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • Houses and Farms (17th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[42]
  • The Chateau de Salettes (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[43]
  • The Maison Commune (Communal House) (1771)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[44]

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Presbytery (1701)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[45]
  • The Parish Church of Saint-Orens (remains)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[3] which was at a place called Astis until the 18th century.
  • The Parish Church of Notre Dame (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[46] was a former chapel from the 12th, 13th, and 14th centuries and was rebuilt in 1757, 1764, and 1878. The church contains many items which are registered as historical objects:

Anoye is a stage on the via Tolosane (or Toulouse route) on the Way of St James.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026870 Lay Abbey (French)
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026421 Parish Church of Saint-Orens (French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026428 Farmhouse at Bourdallé (French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026423 Farmhouse at Cantou (French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026427 Farmhouse at la Commande (French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026424 Farmhouse at Fustié (French)
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026430 Farmhouse at l'Honoré (French)
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026426 Farmhouse at Hourticq (French)
  10. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026429 Farmhouse at Lermanou (French)
  11. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026437 Puyo-Ladevèse Farmhouse (French)
  12. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027287 Mill at Mouly d'Anoye (French)
  13. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027508 Mill at Mouly deu Poun (French)
  14. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026433 Farmhouse at Nouaou (French)
  15. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026434 Farmhouse at Pessarthou (French)
  16. ^ a b Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of Place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  17. ^ Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  18. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  19. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Anoye
  20. ^ Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn
  21. ^ Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn (French)
  22. ^ a b Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  23. ^ Titles of the Order of St John of Jérusalem, Caubin in the Departmental Archives of Haute-Garonne (French)
  24. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th and 18th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  25. ^ Notaries of Pau in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  26. ^ Titles in the Town Hall of Anoye (French)
  27. ^ Paul Raymond, General Census of Houses in the Viscounty of Béarn in 1385 by order of Gaston Fébus, reprint Manucius, Pau, (ISBN 2-84578-018-4) (French)
  28. ^ List of Mayors of France
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027521 Fountain (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027520 Hospital (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027290 Hospitallers Hospital (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002095 Maltese Boundary Markers (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027291 Bridge (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027289 Fortified Complex (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026440 Castaing House (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026439 Sanglar House (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026438 Teinto House (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026435 Poudjet Farmhouse (French)
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026432 Former Town Hall and School (French)
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026431 Loste Farmhouse (French)
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026425 Guitho House (French)
  42. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026422 Houses and Farms (French)
  43. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026419 Chateau de Salettes (French)
  44. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026418 Maison Commune (French)
  45. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026436 Presbytery (French)
  46. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026420 Parish Church of Notre-Dame (French)
  47. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000031 Retable, Altar, Tabernacle PM64002070 The whole main Altar PM64002071 Main Altar PM64002072 2 Altar seating etc. PM64002073 Retable PM64002076 Relief: God the Father PM64002078 6 Altar Candlesticks PM64002079 Lighting Arm PM64002080 Altar PM64002081 Confessional PM64002082 Baptismal font PM64002083 Pulpit PM64002084 Lectern PM64002085 2 Chandeliers PM64002090 Altar Candlestick PM64002091 Stations of the Cross PM64002092 Processional Lantern PM64002093 Monstrance PM64002094 Baptismal water storage (French)
  48. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002069 7 Stained glass windows (French)
  49. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002077 Assumption PM64002089 Appearance of Christ to St Francis of Assisi PM64002088 Virgin & Child and Virgin at the foot of the Cross (French)
  50. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002074 4 Statues: Biblical figures PM64002075 4 Statues PM64002087 Immaculate Conception (French)
  51. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002067 Cemetery Cross (French)
  52. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64002068 Tombstone (French)

External links[edit]