Anping District

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Coordinates: 22°59′36.52″N 120°9′53.47″E / 22.9934778°N 120.1648528°E / 22.9934778; 120.1648528

Anping District
Decorative walls in the back streets of Anping
Decorative walls in the back streets of Anping
Anping within Tainan City
Anping within Tainan City
Special municipalityTainan
 • District chiefLin Guo-ming (林國明)[1]
 • Land11.07 km2 (4.27 sq mi)
 (May 2022)
 • Total67,263
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Postal code
Area code(s)06 Edit this at Wikidata (in Chinese)
Anping District office

Anping District is a district of Tainan, Taiwan. In March 2012, it was named one of the Top 10 Small Tourist Towns by the Tourism Bureau of Taiwan. It is home to 67,263 people. [2]


The older place name of Tayouan derives from the ethnonym of a nearby Taiwanese aboriginal tribe, and was written by the Dutch and Portuguese variously as Taiouwang, Tayowan, etc.[3] In his translations of Dutch records, missionary William Campbell used the variant Tayouan and wrote that Taoan and Taiwan also occur.[4] As Dutch spelling varied greatly at the time (see History of Dutch orthography), other variants may be seen.[5] The name was also transliterated into Chinese characters variously as 臺窩灣, 大灣, 臺員, 大員, 大圓 and 梯窩灣.[3]

After the Dutch were ousted c. 1661 by Koxinga, Han immigrants renamed the area "Anping" after the Anping Bridge in Quanzhou, Fujian. Soon after Qing rule was established in 1683, the name "Taiwan" (臺灣) was officially used to refer to the whole island with the establishment of Taiwan Prefecture.


Fort Zeelandia painted around 1635, The Hague National Bureau of Archives

The history of Anping dates back to the 17th century, when the Dutch East India Company occupied a "high sandy down" called Tayouan and built Fort Zeelandia.[6] The Dutch moved their headquarters to Tayouan after leaving the Pescadores in 1624.[4] Due to silting, the islet has joined with mainland Taiwan.[7]

Koxinga's army brought an end to the Dutch colonial period via the Siege of Fort Zeelandia.

In the Japanese period, the history of trade between China and Japan unfolded at Anping. According to the 1904 census, the city's population was 5,972.[8]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The district consists of Jincheng, Yuguang, Jianping, Yiping, Huaping, Pingtong, Wenping, Guoping, Yuping, Yizai, Pingan, Tianfei and Wangcheng Village.[9]

Government institutions[edit]

Tourist attractions[edit]

The remains of Fort Zeelandia
Gate of the Eternal Golden Castle



  1. ^ 首長介紹 [District Chief Introduction] (in Traditional Chinese). Anping District Office.
  2. ^ Wong, Maggie Hiufu (30 Mar 2012). "Taiwan names its 10 top small tourist towns". CNN Go. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-31.
  3. ^ a b Mair, V. H. (2003). "How to Forget Your Mother Tongue and Remember Your National Language". The true derivation of the name "Taiwan" is actually from the ethnonym of a tribe in the southwest part of the island in the area around Ping'an. As early as 1636, a Dutch missionary referred to this group as Taiouwang. From the name of the tribe, the Portuguese called the area around Ping'an as Tayowan, Taiyowan, Tyovon, Teijoan, Toyouan, and so forth. Indeed, already in his ship's log of 1622, the Dutchman Cornelis Reijersen referred to the area as Teijoan and Taiyowan.
  4. ^ a b Campbell (1903), p. 548.
  5. ^ for example: Tayuan, Tayoan, Tayowan
  6. ^ Valentijn (1903), p. 52: quoting Nuyts, Pieter (February 10, 1629)
  7. ^ Campbell (1903), p. 549: "The silting up of the land there has joined on to the mainland of Formosa a number of islets and sandbanks which were well known to the early navigators; one notable case being that of the small island of Tayouan, which is now quite a part of Formosa itself."
  8. ^ Takekoshi (1907), p. 200.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-11-29. Retrieved 2018-11-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)


External links[edit]