Ansar (Islam)

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The Ansar (Arabic: الأنصار‎, romanizedal-Anṣār, lit.'The Helpers') were the local inhabitants of Medina who, in Islamic tradition, took the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers (the Muhajirun) into their homes when they emigrated from Mecca during the hijra.[citation needed]

They belonged to two main tribes of Azd, the Banu Khazraj and the Banu Aus.

List of Ansaris[edit]

Banu Khazraj[edit]



Banu Aus[edit]


Battles where the Ansar helped Muhammad[edit]

The Ansar helped Muhammad in several battles. One of the earliest battles they helped him in was the Patrol of Buwat. A month after the raid at al-Abwa that was ordered by Muhammad, he personally led two hundred men including Muhajirs and Ansars to Bawat, a place on the caravan route of the Quraysh merchants. A herd of fifteen hundred camels was proceeding, accompanied by one hundred riders under the leadership of Umayyah ibn Khalaf, a Quraysh. The purpose of the raid was to plunder this rich Quraysh caravan. No battle took place and the raid resulted in no booty. This was due to the caravan taking an untrodden unknown route. Muhammad then went up to Dhat al-Saq, in the desert of al-Khabar. He prayed there and a mosque was built at the spot. This was the first raid where a few Ansars took part. [13][14]

After the death of Muhammad[edit]

Banner of the Ansar at the Battle of Siffin

During the tenure of Caliphates after Muhammad, the Ansar mainly became important military elements in many conquests, (as indicated with the appointing of Thabit, bin Qays bin Shammas, an orator of Ansar), to lead Ansaris in support of Khalid ibn al-Walid in the Battle of Buzakha[15] at the time of Caliph Abu Bakr. Later they also played a prominent role in the Battle of Yamama where Ansars under Al Bara bin Malik Al Ansari charged at a perilous moment of the battle marking its turning point.[16] The battle of Yamama is also where the Ansar's most prominent warrior, Abu Dujana, fell.

During the caliphate of Umar, prominent Ansaris contributed greatly during campaigns against Byzantium. The Ansari chief 'Ubadah ibn al-Samit particularly played many significant roles during Muslim conquest of Egypt and Muslim conquest of Levant under the likes of Abu Ubaydah, Khalid ibn Walid, Amr ibn al-Aas, and Muawiyah

In the year 24/645, during the caliphate of Uthman Ibn Affan, prominent Ansaris also held major positions like Al-Bara' ibn `Azib who was made governor of al-Ray (in Persia). He eventually retired to Kūfā and there he died in the year 71/690.[17]

During the Umayyad era the Ansar became somewhat of an opposing political faction of the regime.[18][19] They are described as closely affiliated with the Hashim Clan Contingent rather than with the incumbent Umayyad. Such Ansar-Hashim connections are described as forming a new elite local political hegemony in Hejaz.[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Imamate: The Vicegerency of the Prophet". Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b c "Narrators of Hadith al Thaqalayn From Among the Sahabah". Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project. 4 November 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  3. ^ "A Restatement of the History of Islam and Muslims, Umar bin al-Khattab, the Second Khalifa of the Muslims". Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project. 10 November 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Al-Bara' ibn Malik Al-Ansari: Allah & Paradise". Archived from the original on 16 June 2010.
  5. ^ a b "Letter 80". A Shi'i-Sunni dialogue. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  6. ^ "The life of Rufaydah Al-Aslamiyyah". Islamweb. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  7. ^ William Montgomery Watt, Muhammad at Medina, Oxford, 1966.
  8. ^ a b c d "Seventh Session, Wednesday Night, 29th Rajab 1345 A.H." Peshawar Nights. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014. Tarikh al-Yaqubi, as quoted in Peshawar Nights. Also, a list composed of sources such as Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani and Al-Baladhuri, each in his Tarikh. Muhammad ibn Khwand in his Rawdatu 's-safa and, Ibn 'Abd al-Barr in his The Comprehensive Compilation of the Names of the Prophet's Companions
  9. ^ "Seventh Session, Wednesday Night, 29th Rajab 1345 A.H." Peshawar Nights. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  10. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 3:34:439
  11. ^ "253. Chapter: The miracles of the friends of Allah and their excellence". Qibla. Archived from the original on 1 January 2007.
  12. ^ History of the Caliphs by al-Suyuti
  13. ^ Mubarakpuri, Saifur Rahman Al (2005), The sealed nectar: biography of the Noble Prophet, Darussalam Publications, p. 244, ISBN 978-9960899558
  14. ^ "List of Battles of Muhammad". Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2014-10-04.
  15. ^ The History of al-Tabari Vol. 10: The Conquest of Arabia: The Riddah Wars A.D. 632-633/A.H. 11
  16. ^ Golden Stories of Accepted Prayers By Abdul Malik Mujahid
  17. ^ Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh Baghdad, vol.1, pg.177
  18. ^ Literary Criticism in Medieval Arabic-Islamic Culture: The Making of a Tradition By Wen-chin Ouyang
  19. ^ The History of al-Tabari Vol. 26: The Waning of the Umayyad Caliphate Footnote by W. Montgomery Watt
  20. ^ The Religious Elite of the Early Islamic Ḥijāz: Five Prosopographical Case Studies by Asad Q. Ahmed