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Ansari is a surname found mainly in Arab states of the Persian Gulf and South Asian countries as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal etc.. Generally, the people with surname Ansari or Al-Ansari (in some parts of South Asia) are considered to have an Arab lineage originating from modern day Medina, Saudi Arabia.
Widely used in the Middle East and the Indian Subcontinent, the surname Al-Ansari or Ansari originates from Ansar, the Medinan people who helped the Islamic Prophet Muhammad in his migration from Mecca to Medina. They were infact the first initial tribes in Arabia to accept Islam. The literal meaning of Ansar is "supporters".
The surname Ansari or Al-Ansari is used among middle eastern countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Saudi Arabia etc. Mostly in the Persian Gulf region and other Arab nations. Al-Ansar tribe also has other family names that are either الاوس or الخزرج. Many members of the tribe have settled all over the Persian Gulf.
In contrast, Iranians use surnames instead of patronymics. In Iran, it has become a surname, since Iranian use surnames. Some Ansaris escaped Medina after the death of Muhammad because they were Shia Muslims which was unpopular with the caliphates (Leaders) of that time except Imam Ali and Imam Hassan which were Shias themselves. This has also happened with the "Tabatabai", also originally a Nesbat.
South Asian usage
The Ansari surname goes as far as being used in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Through the various waves of migration from the Arabian Peninsula, Iran and Central Asia, descendants of the Ansari tribes arrived in the Indian Subcontinent.
The main settlements and concentrations of Ansaris in the Indian subcontinent, were in Multan (modern day Pakistan); Sindh (modern day Pakistan) and major parts of northern India. Some Ansaris also reside in the western Konkan Coast of India, whose ancestors are said to have firstly came and settled from the Arabian Peninsula via sea routes as scholars or traders.
Although, Ansaris hold a higher status in Islam for the keen support and involvement of their ancestors in many key Islamic events like the Battle of Badr, the Battle of Uhud, the Treaty of Hudaybiyah, etc. Muhammad always considered his Ansar companions as his close allies, as they were the initial supporters of Islam. He is said to have appreciated the Ansar tribes at many events.
Notable Ansari as nesba
- Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, a prominent companion of Muhammad
- Ansari ( other companions of Muhammad)
- Sa'id ibn Aws al-Ansari (died 830), Arab linguist and narrator of hadith
- Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari (d.767), Hanafi Muslim Jurist and scholar
- Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (936–1013), also known as Albucasis, Arab Muslim physician and surgeon who lived in Al-Andalus
- Alāʾ al‐Dīn ʿAlī ibn Ibrāhīm al-Ansari (1304–1375), also known as Ibn al-Shatir, prominent Arab astronomer and instruments maker.
- Khwaja Abdullah Ansari (1006–1088), Perso-Arab mystic and poet, and one of the descendants of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari
- Shams al-Din al-Ansari al-Dimashqi (1256–1327), Syrian Arab geographer
- Zakariyya al-Ansari (1420–1520), Egyptian Sufi mystic
- Khwaja Muhammad Latif Ansari, scholar and descendant of Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, the descendant of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari
- Morteza Ansari (1781–1864), Shia jurist from Dezful, Iran
- Hamidul Ansari Ghazi (1906-1992), Indian freedom fighter, Urdu journalist, graduate of Darul Uloom Deoband, India. Mumbai, India.
- Muhammad Mian Mansoor Ansari (1879-1946), Indian freedom fighter, Hero of the Silken Letters Movement-1904-1916, diplomat, jurist, political scientist Deoband-India, Kabul-Afghanistan, Ankara-Turkey.
- Abbas Ansari (born 1992), Indian sportsman and shooter
- Abdulaziz Rashid Al Ansari (born 1992), Qatari footballer
- Abdul Haq Ansari (1931–2012), Indian Islamic philosopher
- Abdul Qaiyum Ansari (1905–1973), Indian active in the freedom struggle of India
- Abdur Razzaque Ansari, Indian Muslim nationalist, freedom fighter, and a weavers revolution leader
- Afzal Ansari (born 1953), Indian politician
- Akbar Ansari (born 1988), English cricketer of Pakistani descent
- Akram Ansari (born 1954), Pakistani politician
- Ali Ansari, Iranian-British history professor
- Ali Al Ansari, Emirati paralympic athlete
- Allama Mustafa Hussain Ansari, (1945–2006), Kashmiri writer and public speaker
- Amir Ansari (born 1970), American businessman and entrepreneur of Iranian descent
- Anousheh Ansari (born 1966), Iranian-American engineer, businesswoman and entrepreneur
- Asad Ansari, Pakistani-Canadian accused of terrorism
- Aziz Ansari (born 1983), American actor, comedian, writer, producer, and director
- Bushra Ansari, Pakistani television presenter, comedian, singer, actress and playwright
- Faheem Ansari, an Indian national who was charged with involvement in the 2008 Mumbai attacks
- Fahad Al Ansari (born 1987), Kuwaiti footballer
- Faris Muslim al Ansari (born 1984), Afghan held in Guantanamo
- Furkan Ansari (born 1948), Indian politician
- Gholamreza Ansari, Iranian diplomat
- Jaber Ansari (born 1987), Iranian footballer
- Jamshed Ansari (1942–2005), Pakistani film, television and radio actor
- Karim Ansarifard (born 1990), Iranian footballer
- Keyvan Ansari, Iranian imprisoned student leader
- Khalid A. H. Ansari, Indian entrepreneur, journalist
- Khizar Humayun Ansari, British race relations academic
- Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, (1914–1987), popularly known as K. A. Abbas, Indian film director
- Majid Ansari (born 1950), Iranian cleric, politician, Vice President of Legal and Parliamentary Affairs
- Master Taj-ud-Din Ansari, Pakistani politician
- Mateen Ansari (c. 1915–1943), Indian soldier awarded George Cross for conspicuous gallantry in British army
- Maulana Mohammad Abbas Ansari (born 1936), revolutionary Shiite Muslim leader in Jammu & Kashmir and Founder of Ittihadul Muslimeen
- Mohammad Ansari (disambiguation), a number of people named Mohammad Ansari
- Mohammad Ansari (cricketer), Pakistani cricketer
- Mohammad Ebrahim Ansari (1936–2011), Iraqi Twelver Shi'a Marja
- Mohammad Hamid Ansari (born 1937), Indian politician
- Muhammad Hanif Ansari (1937–1985), Pakistani politician, businessman and philatelist
- Muhammad Fazlur Rahman Ansari (1914–1974), Indian Islamic scholar and philosopher
- Mohammed Jaber Al-Ansari (born 1939), Bahraini philosopher
- Mukhtar Ansari, Indian mafia-don turned politician
- Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari (1880–1936), Indian nationalist and political leader
- Mustafa al-Ansari, Saudi accused of terrorism
- Nazenin Ansari, Iranian journalist in exile
- Noushafarin Ansari (born 1939), Indian-born Iranian librarian, educator and manager
- Rais Ansari, Urdu Indian poet
- Sahar Ansari, Pakistani Urdu poet, critic and scholar of Urdu literature and linguistics
- Salim Miya Ansari, Nepalese politician
- Abidullah Ghazi, (1936-), Indian-American Academician, syllabus developer, author, Chicago, Illinois, USA..
- Muhammad Tariq Al-Ansari Ghazi, (1941-), Indian-Canadian journalist, historian, sociologist, author of books, Toronto, Canada
- Shehnaz Kanwal Ghazi, nee Ansari, (1947-), Indian Novelist, short-story writer. Aligarh, Inida.
- Abdullah Ansari Anbehtawi, (1852-1925), Indian Islamic scholar, First Dean of Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental (MAO) College, Aligarh India.
- Arshad Ghazi - Ansari, (1952-), Indian Urdu poet, New Delhi, India.
- Rashid Ahmad Gangohi, (1839-1905). Indian Islamic scholar, jurist, academician, freedom fighter in 1857 War of Independence. Gangoh, Uttar Pradesh, India.
- Abdulrahman al-Ansary, (1935-), Saudi Arabian archaeologist.Tauseef Mohsin Ansari(1985), Indian orthodontist
First Naats in islam
- Tala' al Badru 'Alayna Tala‘ al-Badru ‘Alaynā (Arabic: طلع البدر علينا) is a traditional Islamic song known as nasheed that the Ansar sang to Muhammad upon his arrival at Yathrib after completing the Hijra in 622 CE. The song is currently over 1400 years old, and one of the oldest in the Islam.
- Islam in India
- Banu Khazraj
- Banu Aws
- Tala' al Badru 'Alayna
- Ansar (Islam)
- Brotherhood among the Sahabah