Anselm Eckart

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Anselm Eckart
Religion Society of Jesus
Personal
Born (1721-08-04)4 August 1721
Mainz
Died 29 June 1809(1809-06-29) (aged 87)
Polotsk, Polish Russia

Anselm Eckart (4 August 1721 – 29 June 1809) was a German Jesuit missionary.[1][2]

Eckart was born in Mainz, in what is now Germany. Entering the Society of Jesus at nineteen, he was sent as a missionary to Brazil. Two years after his arrival in that country, he and his Jesuit brethren were arrested in the aftermath of the Távora affair and carried to Portugal. There they were kept in prison.[1][2][3]

Eckart was confined for eighteen years in the underground dungeons of Almeida and St. Julian. He wrote the story of his own sufferings and those of his companions in prison. Upon the death of Joseph I of Portugal in 1777, the Jesuits' opponent Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal fell into disgrace, and those of his victims who survived were released.[1][2][3][4]

The Society of Jesus, which had been suppressed four years earlier by the Brief of Pope Clement XIV, had continued to exist in Russia. Father Eckart applied for readmission, and spent another 32 years in this way in the order. After filling the office of Master of Novices at Dünaburg, he was sent to the College of Polotsk, Polish Russia, where he died aged 87.[1][2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Wikisource-logo.svg "Anselm Eckart". Catholic Encyclopedia 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1909. 
  2. ^ a b c d  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1909). "Anselm Eckart". Catholic Encyclopedia 5. Robert Appleton Company. 
  3. ^ a b c Ronnie Po-Chia Hsia, Das Schicksal der Jesuiten aus der Oberdeutschen und den beiden Rheinischen Ordensprovinzen nach ihrer Vertreibung aus den Missionsgebieten des portugiesischen und spanischen Patronats (1755-1809) The Catholic Historical Review 96.1 (2010): 148-149. Project MUSE. Web. 25 Jan. 2013
  4. ^ Nelson Papavero, Antonio Porro (Hrs.): Anselm Eckart SJ e o Estado do Grao-Pará e Maranhao Setecentista (1785) (= Anselm Eckart SJ und die Staatsprovinz von Groß-Para und Maranhao im 18. Jahrhundert), Museo Goeldi in collaboration with Institut für Mainzer Kirchengeschichte, Belém, 2013, 406 pages, ISBN 978-85-61377-73-1