Anselmo L. Figueroa
Anselmo L. Figueroa (April 21, 1861 – June 14, 1915) was a Mexican-American anarchist political figure, journalist and member of the Organizing Council of the Mexican Liberal Party (MLP). He was imprisoned in the United States between 1911 and 1914 due to violations of U.S. neutrality laws. He published Regeneración, the official newspaper of the MLP, before and after his imprisonment.
In September 1910, Figueroa was put in charge of the publication of Regeneración in Los Angeles, California. The newspaper was in its fourth season as the official publication of the MLP, and its slogan was "Revolutionary Weekly". He collaborated with Ricardo Flores Magon, Lazaro Gutierrez de Lara, Antonio I. Villarreal and Enrique Flores Magon, who had been released from prison in Arizona in August. Together with Ricardo and Enrique Flores Magón, he signed the Manifesto of the Mexican Liberal Party on September 23, 1911. The document took an openly anarchocommunist stance toward the armed uprisings in Mexico at the time.
At the time of the uprisings, Regeneración generated about US$1,000 per week in subscription fees. Even after covering its publication costs, several hundred dollars per week were made available for MLP revolutionary causes. Smaller sums of money were received from outside donors to the organization.
From June 1911 to January 1914, he was imprisoned with Librado Rivera, Ricardo and Enrique Flores Magón at the McNeil Island Corrections Center in Washington. In a Los Angeles court, they faced charges of violating US neutrality laws related to acts stemming from the Magonista rebellion of 1911. Though MLP forces were defeated in Baja California the year that the men went to prison, MLP uprisings continued through 1914.
Upon leaving prison in 1914, Figueroa and his associates returned to publishing Regeneración. He died on June 14, 1915 after health complications brought about by forced labor in prison. Regeneración was published until 1918. It was distributed in Mexican communities in the United States and used in literacy lessons there, as books were often scarce.
- Regeneración, Vol. IV, No. 1. Archived February 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Electronic File Ricardo Flores Magon (AE-RFM). Spanish.
- Crawford, Richard W. (ed.) (Winter 1999). "The Magonista Revolt in Baja California". Journal of San Diego History. 45 (1). Retrieved June 22, 2013.
- A liberar a los martires de Mc Neil Island Articles by Antonio P. Araujo published in Regeneración between September and December 1912. Compiled by Editorial Antorcha. Spanish.
- Letter to Ralph B. García[permanent dead link] Ricardo Flores Magón, Los Angeles, Ca. 29 de junio de 1915, AE-RFM. Spanish.
- "A History of Mexican Americans in California: Historic Sites". Five Views: An Ethnic Historic Site Survey for California. National Park Service. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
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