Anson Stager

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Anson Stager
General-Anson-Stager.jpg
Anson Stager
Born(1825-04-22)April 22, 1825
Ontario County, New York
DiedMarch 26, 1885(1885-03-26) (aged 59)
Chicago, Illinois
AllegianceUnited States of America
Union
Service/branchUnion Army
Years of service1861 - 1866
RankUnion Army colonel rank insignia.png Colonel
Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brevet Brigadier General
Commands heldMilitary Telegraph Department
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War
Other workPresident of Western Electric Manufacturing Company

Anson Stager (April 20, 1825 - March 26, 1885) was the co-founder of Western Union, the first president of Western Electric Manufacturing Company and a Union Army officer, where he was head of the Military Telegraph Department during the American Civil War.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Ontario County, New York.[2] At age sixteen, Stager began working as an apprentice on the Rochester Daily Advertiser [3] for a printer and telegraph builder named Henry O'Reilly of Rochester, New York. After the latter had a telegraph line constructed from Philadelphia to Harrisburg he placed Stager in operator positions in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, and then at age 21 he was put in charge of the first Lancaster, Pennsylvania, office in 1846. In the spring of 1848, he was made chief operator of the "National lines" at Cincinnati, Ohio, where he made several improvements in battery and wire arrangement. In 1852 Stager was promoted to superintendent, and also served as the first general superintendent of Western Union Company, newly consolidated in 1856.[4]

After the Civil War broke out in April 1861, Stager was requested by Ohio governor William Dennison, Jr. to manage the telegraphs in southern Ohio and along the Virginia Line. Stager obliged and immediately prepared a cipher by which he could securely communicate with those who had the key (notably the governors of Illinois and Indiana). In October he was called to Washington and appointed head of the Military Telegraph Department, which oversaw government telegraphs in all departments.[5] He remained in service until 1866, continuing to lead the department as civilian until September 1868; and was made a brevet brigadier general of volunteers for his war service.

In 1869 Stager moved to Chicago, Illinois, where he served as president of Western Electric. He was also president of the Chicago Telephone Company and president of the Western Edison Company, and secured a consolidation of the two.[6]

Anson Stager died in Chicago, Illinois, on March 26, 1885, and was survived by three daughters.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biography at soyankee.blogspot.com". Archived from the original on 2011-08-27. Retrieved 2008-10-07.
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). "Stager, Anson" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
  3. ^ Biography at pbwiki.com
  4. ^ Cleveland Past and Present at fulltextarchive.com
  5. ^ Biography Archived 2009-01-19 at the Wayback Machine at gordon.army.mil
  6. ^ The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. New York City, New York: J. T. White Co. 1910. p. 110.

Further reading[edit]

  • Robert Luther Thompson, Wiring A Continent, The History of the Telegraph Industry in the United States, Princeton University Press, 1947

External links[edit]