Ansonia latidisca

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Ansonia latidisca
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Ansonia
Species: A. latidisca
Binomial name
Ansonia latidisca
Inger, 1966

Ansonia latidisca, commonly called the Sambas stream toad or Bornean rainbow toad, is a small true toad rediscovered in 2011 after being unseen since 1924.[2] It is endemic to Borneo (Indonesia and Malaysia).[3] Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland forests and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.[1]

Description[edit]

The three specimens known of A. latidasca are small, ranging in size from 30 to 50 mm (1.2 to 2.0 in) in length.[4] They have long spindly limbs and variegated dorsal skin "splattered in bright green, purple, and red."[5] The colorful spots on the dorsum are not flat but "pebbly" and have been compared to warts. Amphibian expert Robin Moore told the National Geographic that such skin on a toad "usually indicates the presence of poison glands ... You probably don't want to put this in your mouth."[6] Moore was the initiator of Conservation International’s Search for Lost Frogs.[5]

Herpetologist Indraneil Das, leader of the 2011 team that rediscovered the toad, called its coloration "mosslike" and noted that it may be an adaptation for camouflage on the mossy tree bark of its habitat.[5]

Conservation status and rediscovery[edit]

Ansonia latidisca was listed by Conservation International as one of the "world's top 10 most wanted frogs" in its Global Search for Lost Amphibians in 2010. It had not been seen since 1924.[5] Until its recent rediscovery, the only depictions of the toad were drawings of specimens collected by explorers in the 1920s.[4][7] The type specimen were collected by Johann Gottfried Hallier.

In July 2011, scientists from Universiti Malaysia Sarawak led by Dr. Indraneil Das found and photographed three specimens in the high branches of a tree after months of night expeditions in the Gunung Penrissen range of Western Sarawak.[7] According to Moore, the team organized its search based on what was known of similar species, searching at night along streams for a toad they thought might be found climbing trees.[6] Dr. Das said these were "standard search techniques appropriate for amphibians in rainforest habitats," adding that they entailed "dangers and annoyances" that included heavy rainfall, leeches, and poachers.[5]

The scientists were unwilling to make public information about the toads' exact location, citing concern about poachers and the international pet trade.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Inger, R.; Das, I.; Stuebing, R.; Lakim, M. & Yambun, P. (2004). "Ansonia latidisca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 May 2014. 
  2. ^ ""Lost" Amphibian Stages Amazing Reappearing Act in Borneo after Eluding Scientists for 87 years". Conservation International. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  3. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Ansonia latidisca Inger, 1966". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 7 May 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Bryner, Jeanna (13 July 2011). "'Lost' Rainbow Toad Rediscovered After 87 Years". LiveScience. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Lin, Thomas (15 July 2011). "After 8 Decades, Tiny Toad Resurfaces in Asia". NY Times. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Than, Ker (14 July 2011). "Rainbow Toad Rediscovered, Photographed for First Time". National Geographic. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Lost rainbow toad is rediscovered". BBC. 14 July 2011. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-14.