Antártica (commune)

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Antártica
Commune
Coat of arms of Antártica
Coat of arms
Location of Antártica
Country  Chile
Region  Magallanes y Antártica Chilena
Province Antártica Chilena
Foundation July 11, 1961
Government
 • Mayor Patricio Fernández (DC)
Population (2002 Census)
 • Total 127
 • Density 0,00,009/km2 (20/sq mi)

Antártica is a Chilean commune in Antártica Chilena Province, Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region, which covers all the Chilean Antarctic Territory, the territory in Antarctica claimed by Chile. It ranges from 53°W to 90°W and from the South Pole to 60°S, overlapping the Argentine and British Antarctic claims, and is the largest and least populated commune in Chile, being over 25 times the size of the next largest commune, Natales. It is administered by the Cabo de Hornos municipality in the South American mainland.

Antártica was created on July 11, 1961, and was dependent on the Magallanes Province until 1975, when the Antártica Chilena Province was created, making it dependent administratively on Puerto Williams, the province capital.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Antártica spans an area of 1,250,000 km2 (482,628 sq mi) and has 130 inhabitants (115 men and 15 women), making the commune an entirely rural area. The population fell by 11.5% (15 people) between the 2002 and 2012 censuses. This does not include the staff of non-Chilean bases in the area.[citation needed]

Census districts[edit]

The commune consists of two census districts:[1]

Administration[edit]

The commune is governed from Puerto Williams in the Cabo de Hornos commune from its municipal office located at O'Higgins 165.[2] Chilean law allows a municipality to govern more than one commune, however, this is the only such case. As a commune, Antártica is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2016-2020 alcalde is Patricio Fernández (DC).[3]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Antártica is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Juan Morano (PDC) and Gabriel Boric (Ind.) as part of the 60th electoral district, which includes the entire Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region. The commune is represented in the Senate by Carlos Bianchi Chelech (Ind.) and Carolina Goic (PDC) as part of the 19th senatorial constituency (Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Territorial division of Chile" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Municipality of Cabo de Hornos" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011. 

Coordinates: 75°00′00″S 71°30′00″W / 75.0000°S 71.5000°W / -75.0000; -71.5000