|Minister of Social Affairs|
30 January 1978 – 29 August 1978
|President||António Ramalho Eanes|
|Prime Minister||Mário Soares|
|Preceded by||Armando Bacelar|
|Succeeded by||Acácio Pereira Magro|
António Duarte Arnault|
28 January 1936
21 May 2018 (aged 82)|
Santo António dos Olivais, Portugal
|Political party||Socialist Party|
|Alma mater||University of Coimbra|
António Duarte Arnault, GOL (28 January 1936 – 21 May 2018) was a Portuguese poet, fiction writer, essayist, lawyer, and politician. He was Minister of Social Affairs in the second Constitutional Portuguese Government, led by Mário Soares. He is considered the "father" of the Portuguese national health service (SNS - Serviço Nacional de Saúde, em Português), having created the first basic health law in Portugal and contributed to universal access to medical care for all Portuguese.
Life before politics
In 1975 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly, which had the task of drafting the new Constitution after the Carnation Revolution. He was also elected to the Assembly of the Republic for several times.
In 1978 he was sworn in as Minister of Social Affairs, and despite being in office for only seven months, he founded the Portuguese National Health Service, which created the first universal health system in Portugal.
Although being retired from active politics, António Arnault was still an influential voice in the country.
- "António Arnaut lamenta "hipoteca da soberania" nacional favorável aos "causadores da crise"". Jornal de Notícias (in Portuguese). 6 May 2011.