António Arnault

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António Arnault
António Arnaut.jpg
Minister of Social Affairs
In office
30 January 1978 – 29 August 1978
President António Ramalho Eanes
Prime Minister Mário Soares
Preceded by Armando Bacelar
Succeeded by Acácio Pereira Magro
Personal details
Born António Duarte Arnault
(1936-01-28) 28 January 1936 (age 81)
Cumieira, Penela, Portugal
Political party Socialist Party
Alma mater University of Coimbra
Occupation Poet
Fiction writer
Profession Lawyer

António Duarte Arnault, GOL (born 28 January 1936 in Cumieira, Penela, Portugal) is a Portuguese poet, fiction writer, essayist, lawyer, and politician. He was Minister of Social Affairs in the II Constitutional Portuguese Government, led by Mário Soares.

Life before politics[edit]

António Arnault was born in Cumieira, a small town located in Penela Municipality. He graduated in law from University of Coimbra in 1959.

Political career[edit]

In 1973, together with personalities like Mário Soares or Salgado Zenha, he founded Socialist Party, in Bad Münstereifel, Germany. He was a member of the party board until 1983.

In 1975 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly, which had the task of drafting the new Constitution after the Carnation Revolution. He was also elected to the Assembly of the Republic for several times.

In 1978 he was sworn in as Minister of Social Affairs, and despite being in office for only seven months, he founded the Portuguese National Health Service, which created the first universal health system in Portugal.

Although being retired from active politics, António Arnault is still an influential voice in the country.[1]

Other activities[edit]

He was President of the Portuguese Bar Association council in Coimbra District.

He is a freemason, and was Grand Master of Grande Oriente Lusitano between 2002 and 2005.