António Bernardo da Costa Cabral, 1st Marquis of Tomar

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António Bernardo da Costa Cabral
Antonio Bernardo da Costa Cabral.jpg
President of the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves
In office
9 February 1842 – 20 May 1846
Monarch Maria II and Fernando II
Preceded by Pedro de Sousa Holstein, 1st Duke of Palmela
Succeeded by Pedro de Sousa Holstein, 1st Duke of Palmela
In office
18 June 1849 – 26 April 1851
Monarch Maria II and Fernando II
Preceded by João Carlos Saldanha de Oliveira Daun, 1st Duke of Saldanha
Succeeded by António José Severim de Noronha, 1st Duke of Terceira
Personal details
Born (1803-05-09)9 May 1803
Fornos de Algodres, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 1 September 1889(1889-09-01) (aged 86)
Porto, Kingdom of Portugal
Political party Chartist

António Bernardo da Costa Cabral, 1st Count and 1st Marquess of Tomar (9 May 1803 – 1 September 1889) was a Portuguese 19th century statesman.

Early life[edit]

Born in Fornos de Algodres he trained as a lawyer in Coimbra and was later appointed as a judge. A liberal, he earned a mixed reputation of fear and admiration.

Career[edit]

He was appointed Governor of Lisbon in 1836 and was a confidant of Queen Maria II of Portugal. The year he was appointed, he used force to put down radical mobs in Lisbon (the Massacre do Rossio). He restored diplomatic relations with the Vatican and re-introduced a conservative Constitutional Charter. Following an 1842 coup d'état, he was appointed as Minister and Secretary for Royal State Affairs (the equivalent of a today's Interior minister) in 1843. In 1846 famine led to the peasant revolt of Maria da Fonte in the north of Portugal, and he was removed from office. He fled to England but was restored to power in 1848. Again due to his unpopularity and the now poor economic state of Portugal he was replaced for a second time by the Duque de Saldanha in 1851.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Pedro de Sousa Holstein, 1st Duke of Palmela
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Council of Ministers)

1842–1846
Succeeded by
Pedro de Sousa Holstein, 1st Duke of Palmela
Preceded by
Duke of Saldanha
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Council of Ministers)

1849–1851
Succeeded by
Duke of Terceira