António Ferreira Gomes

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The Right Reverend
António Ferreira Gomes
Bishop of Porto
Estátua de António Ferreira Gomes.jpg
Statue of António Ferreira Gomes, in Porto, by Arlindo Rocha
Diocese Diocese of Porto
Appointed 1952
Installed 1952
Term ended 1982
Personal details
Born (1906-05-10)May 10, 1906
Milhundos, Penafiel
Died November 13, 1989(1989-11-13)
Ermesinde
Nationality Portuguese
Denomination Roman Catholic
Previous post Bishop of Portalegre
Styles of
António Ferreira Gomes
Mitre (plain).svg
Reference style The Right Reverend
Spoken style Your Excellency
Religious style Your Excellency

António Ferreira Gomes (Milhundos, Penafiel, 10 May 1906 - Ermesinde, 13 April 1989) was a Portuguese Roman Catholic bishop, and is considered one of the most notable figures of Portuguese Catholic hierarchy in the 20th century. He was forced into a 10-year exile from Portugal due to his opposition to the fascist regime.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

Dom António was first appointed by Pope Pius XII as bishop of Portalegre, from 1949 to 1952. He was appointed bishop of Porto in 1952, a position that he held until 1982.

Background[edit]

Gomes was a believer in Catholic social doctrine, which was emphasized by Pius XII, particularly after World War II. Gomes was widely sympathetic to General Humberto Delgado, the Democratic Opposition candidate of the 1958 presidential elections, who was also a Catholic, and a former supporter of the Estado Novo. Gomes was unable to vote in those elections, as he was out of the country. Therefore, Gomes decided to write a letter to the Portuguese prime minister of the time, António de Oliveira Salazar, on 13 July 1958, the month after the presidential elections.

Letter to Salazar and Exile (1958-1969)[edit]

The letter, which was meant to be private, acknowledged his former admiration for Salazar and some of Salazar's politics in the first years of his regime, but ultimately criticized his social politics, saying that they were promoters of poverty and social inequality; against some of the basic tenets recognized in Catholic social doctrine, such as the right to political association. He accused Salazar that instead of fighting Communism, his reactionary politics were promoting it, since they gave reason to many of the fair demands of the Communists. Gomes suggested that the regime should start political reforms, which would eventually lead to true democracy in Portugal, which was in line with the Catholic Church's social doctrine. The letter asked for a private meeting between Gomes and Salazar to debate these issues.

Salazar was outraged by the letter, since it broke the traditional mould of the Portuguese Catholic Church hierarchy being a mere tool of the regime. Salazar refused to answer it, but was unable to act against the bishop as he hadn't committed any crime within Portuguese legislation. Salazar decided to act more cynically: when the bishop was returning to Portugal in 1959, after a trip to Italy, he was denied entrance into Portugal. Salazar tried several times to force Gomes to resign, but he repeatedly refused. In a letter to António de Faria, the Portuguese ambassador at the Vatican in 1962, Salazar called Gomes "a sick person and the greatest evil was having made him a bishop".[1] Gomes was still refused entry to Portugal when his mother died, forcing him to not attend the service. His exile abroad would last until the new Council President Marcello Caetano allowed his return in 1969.

Return from Exile[edit]

The Cathedral of Porto

In the last years of Salazar's regime, Gomes kept a low profile, but he remained a reference for the Catholic wing of the Democratic Opposition, to which he was widely sympathetic. In the aftermath of the revolution that overthrew the fascist regime on April 25, 1974, he warned against the dangers of "philosophical materialism" and "money materialism".[citation needed]

He retired as Bishop of Porto in 1982 and died in 1989.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Letter to ambassador António de Faria, 13 December 1962, quoted by Franco Nogueira, Salazar, volume 5, p. 445

External links[edit]