António Mascarenhas Monteiro
|António Mascarenhas Monteiro|
|2nd President of Cape Verde|
22 March 1991 – 22 March 2001
|Prime Minister||Pedro Pires
Gualberto do Rosário
|Preceded by||Aristides Pereira|
|Succeeded by||Pedro Pires|
|Born||António Manuel Mascarenhas Gomes Monteiro
16 February 1944
Ribeira da Barca, Portuguese Overseas Province of Cabo Verde
|Died||16 September 2016 (aged 72)
Praia, Cabo Verde
|Political party||Movement for Democracy|
|Spouse(s)||Antonina Mascarenhas Monteiro (?–2009; her death)|
|Alma mater||Catholic University of Leuven|
António Manuel Mascarenhas Gomes Monteiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtɔniu mɐnuˈɛl mɐʃkɐˈɾeɲɐʒ ˈɡomɨʒ mõˈtejɾu]; 16 February 1944 – 16 September 2016) was the first democratically elected President of Cape Verde from 22 March 1991 to 22 March 2001. He died of natural causes on 16 September 2016 in Cape Verde.
Early life and education
During the PAICV government, Monteiro served in various high level positions before running for president in 1991. He served as the Secretary-General of the National Assembly for 3 years from 1977 to 1980 and in 1980 was promoted by Aristides Pereira to the President of the Supreme Court of Justice from 1980 to 1990.
Presidency of Cape Verde
Affiliated with the Movement for Democracy, he was the first president elected in a multi-party election in the country, defeating Aristides Pereira in the February 1991 presidential election. He was re-elected without opposition in 1996, receiving 80% of the vote. After serving two five year terms, he stepped down in 2001; in the 2001 election, Movement for Democracy candidate Carlos Veiga, who had served as Prime Minister under Monteiro, was defeated by Pedro Pires of the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV).
East Timor controversy
On 19 September 2006, it was announced that Monteiro would succeed Sukehiro Hasegawa as head of the United Nations mission in East Timor. The appointment was criticized in East Timor, partly because Monteiro had a poor knowledge of English. It was reported that Timorese president Xanana Gusmão was among those who expressed their concern about the appointment. 
On 25 September, Monteiro announced that he had changed his mind and would not be accepting the position. He told journalists that "I told the Deputy Secretary-General that I already knew that there were reservations about my name on the part of parties engaged in East Timor and that I was no longer interested in serving there."  He explained that "the functions of a representative of the UN Secretary-General in East Timor are very broad and must be exercised with the goodwill of all parties involved." Therefore, "it is better to stand down now than to create problems later on, especially in view of the complexity of the situation in East Timor."
Memberships and awards
|1991||Portugal||Grand Collar Order of Liberty|
|Senegal||Grand Cross, National Order of the Lion|
|Cuba||Order of José Martí|
Global Leadership Foundation
Monteiro is a Member of the Global Leadership Foundation, an organization which works to support democratic leadership, prevent and resolve conflict through mediation and promote good governance in the form of democratic institutions, open markets, human rights and the rule of law. It does so by making available, discreetly and in confidence, the experience of former leaders to today’s national leaders. It is a not-for-profit organization composed of former heads of government, senior governmental and international organization officials who work closely with Heads of Government on governance-related issues of concern to them.
Mascarenhas's wife, Antonina Mascarenhas Monteiro, known widely as Tuna Mascarenhas, the former First Lady of Cape Verde, died in Praia on September 8, 2009, at the age of 65.
- "Cape Verde – Death of former President Antonio Mascarenhas Monteiro (16.09.16) – ForeignAffairs.co.nz". foreignaffairs.co.nz. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- "Breaking: Cape Verde mourns the death of former president Mascarenhas Monteiro". Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- "Global Leadership Foundation | Biography - António Monteiro". Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, pages 113–114.
- "History of Antonio Mascarenhas".
- "East Timor shock as new UN chief changes his mind - World - smh.com.au". www.smh.com.au. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- "Timor UN mission head leaves before he arrives - World - theage.com.au". www.theage.com.au. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- "Tuna Mascarenhas, former first lady, dead at 65". A Semana. 2009-09-10. Archived from the original on 2016-09-18. Retrieved 2016-09-18.
|President of Cape Verde