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|12th Ministro da Previdência Social do Brasil|
October 15, 1992 – December 15, 1993
|Preceded by||Reinhold Stephanes|
|Succeeded by||Sérgio Cutolo dos Santos|
|Governor of Rio Grande do Sul|
January 1, 1995 – January 1, 1999
|Preceded by||Alceu de Deus Collares|
|Succeeded by||Olívio Dutra|
|Born||Antônio Britto Filho
July 1, 1952
Santana do Livramento, RS
|Profession||Journalist and entrepreneur|
Antonio Britto Filho (born July 1, 1952 in Santana do Livramento) is a Brazilian journalist and executive, who held the positions of Congressman, Social Security Minister, and Governor of the state of Rio Grande do Sul.
Life academic and journalistic
Son of a journalist, he began working in a small local newspaper for his father, before completing his studies in journalism at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. Professionally, he started working in 1970 at the Journal of the Week, Sunday Publishing Group Editorial Sinos, as editor of football. Later, at the suggestion of journalist Paul St. Anne, he worked as a reporter for the paper Zero Hora, group RBS, at 19 years of age.
In 1972, he moved to radio Guaíba (belonging to the Junior Caldas), at the invitation of Peter Pereira Carneiro, where he became coordinator of the area and was head of sports journalism. In 1978, he left Guaíba and returned to the RBS group and started working in the TV Gaucha. That same year he became a professor at the University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos (Unisinos), a position he held until 1979.
RBS, passed in 1979 to further the editorial policy of the Rede Globo in GMT[clarification needed], acting as a commentator and presenter. In early 1985, right after the election of Tancredo Neves for the presidency, he was asked to become press secretary for the new government. In this role, he served as spokesman of medical information on the health of the President, in the period just prior to his death on April 21, 1985.
Early career policy
Known through the television media and author of a book on the last days of Tancredo, he was invited by Ulysses Guimarães to join the Brazilian Democratic Movement (PMDB), to which party he threw himself candidate federal deputy elections 1986, being elected with one of the largest votes in the state (and reelected in 1990).
In the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil, he served in the preparation of the 1988 Constitution and was Chairman of the Committee on Science and Technology, Communication and Computing in the 1990-91 biennium. In 1988 he was appointed as the PMDB candidate for mayor of Porto Alegre, but despite the initial favoritism, faded and finished fourth in the election, which was won by Olivio Dutra (Workers Party, PT).
In 1992, he was invited by President Itamar Franco to take the folder of the Social Welfare. In the presidential decision to upgrade the salaries of retirees, he was then very beneficial, which leveraged the national popularity and put him as one of the probable successors of Itamar own elections in 1994. However, before the government preferred to seek their own state, guiding the support of the PMDB's presidential candidacy to the local Fernando Henrique Cardoso (Social Democratic Party, PSDB), in contrast to the official party candidate, Orestes Quercia.
In the first round of elections, he won 49.2% of the valid votes, against 34.7% of its main competitor, Dutra. In the second round, getting support from the Progressive Party (PPR) and part of the Democratic Labour Party (PDT) (then governor of Alceu Collares), he obtained 52.2% of the votes against 47.8% for Olivio. The polarization PMDB/PT in Rio Grande do Sul was repeated in the elections of 1998 and 2002.
The management ahead of the government of Rio Grande do Sul was marked by administrative reforms and a heated controversy with the opposition (led by the PT), which held the hegemony of the unions of servers, especially the CPERS, which combines the teaching state.
This controversy was not limited to the salary issue, but included measures that Antonio Britto and his government have adopted to pursue the reorganization of state finances, which included the privatisation of the large municipalities of the state of public services, the Riograndense Telecommunications Company (telephony) and the State Company for Electric Energy, both established in the management of Brizola (1959-1962).
For the supporters of government Britto, privatization would increase the scope of services, reducing the cost of installation. To his opponents, the fees charged by the privatized companies would become more expensive over time for the population, benefiting only a few specific business groups.
Another focus of controversy was the policy of attracting major car companies to the state through tax relief, such as exemption from ICMS tax in the early years. To his opponents, the policy of attracting investments (involving the state in the "war tax" to other states) represented a loss to the treasury, not compensating for the generation of jobs.
Another measure of the government, which Britto fought, was the creation of private road poles[clarification needed], which were granted to tolls, a measure that undermined its popularity in some localities. In banking, the government Britto held merger of two state banks, incorporating Caixa Econômica Estadual do Rio Grande do Sul by Banrisul. Some measures of privatizing Antonio Britto (which earned him the charge of "liberal" by its opponents), prior to privatization own federal government, the management of Fernando Henrique Cardoso.
Politically, he sought to govern with a huge party base, isolating only the PT. This allowed the composition of a broad coalition of parties to the 1998 elections, when he ran for reelection by the PMDB. But in some cases favoring the PPB (who appointed his running mate, José Otávio Germano) led to splits within his own party, which in some municipalities announced support for the PT.
He even won the first round of elections by a small margin. But in the second round against his opponent again in 1994, Olivio Dutra (PT), he was defeated by a margin of 87,366 votes. In the election, there was decisive support of the PDT (the opposite of privatization) to the PT candidate.
After the defeat in his bid for reelection, he worked in private practice as a consultant to the Telefonica of Spain, which led to suspicions of favoritism in the privatization of CRT in 1997. In 2001, still tipped as favorite for the succession of Olivio Dutra (who would not be running for reelection), Antonio Britto clashed with Sen. Peter Simon, the main regional leader of the PMDB, and ended up leaving the party.
Then he joined the Socialist People's Party (PSP) (incipient state[clarification needed]), along with its support base, and launched into a succession of state in 2002, in alliance with the Liberal Front Party (PFL) (PDT since refused to support it within the rule of "piggybacking" of coalitions in the states). However, the strong rejection of his name made their voting intentions "migrate" en masse for the candidate of the PMDB, Germano Rigotto. He came in third, with only 12% of the vote, while Rigotto defeated Genro (PT) in the second round, again bringing the PMDB, the state government.
Since then, Britto announced his abandonment of politics, becoming director of the company Azaléia, and its president, after the death of its founder, Nestor de Paula, who approached the government for state. In 2005, he became involved in a national controversy when closing a factory unit in Rio Grande do Sul, laying off 800 employees, while opening a plant in China. Worn with the heirs of Nestor de Paula, on behalf of a conflicting relationship, in late 2006 he announced his withdrawal from Azaléia, by resignation.