List of Antarctic expeditions

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Terra Australis
Typus Orbis Terrarum drawn by Abraham Ortelius.jpg
Terra Australis is the large continent on the bottom of this 1570 map.

This list of Antarctic expeditions is a chronological list of expeditions involving Antarctica. Although the existence of a southern continent had been hypothesized as early as the writings of Ptolemy in the 1st century AD, the South Pole was not reached until 1911.

Pre-exploration theories[edit]

Pre-19th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

  • 2001/2 - First and longest sea kayak expedition by New Zealanders Graham Charles, Marcus Waters and Mark Jones paddle unsupported from Hope Bay to Adelaide Island in 35 days.
  • 2004 — Scot100 First ever Scottish Expedition to South Pole [7] began in October 2004 - a century after a historic expedition led by William Speirs Bruce, Edinburgh's "unknown" explorer, who Craig Mathieson views as "truly the greatest polar explorer of all time".
  • 2004 — Together to the Pole - a Polish four-man expedition led by Marek Kamiński, with Jan Mela (a teenage double amputee, who in the same year reached also the North Pole)
  • 2004–2005 — Chilean South Pole Expedition.
  • 2004–2005 — Tangra 2004/05 created Camp Academia.
  • 2005 — Ice Challenger Expedition travelled to the South Pole in a six-wheeled vehicle.[8]
  • 2005–2006 — Spanish Trans-Antarctic Expedition, led by Ramon Larramendi, reached the Southern Pole of Inaccessibility using kite-sleds.[9]
  • 2006 Hannah McKeand sets coast-to-pole solo/unsupported record of 39 days, 9 hours and 33 minutes[10]
  • 2006-2007 — Jenny and Ray Jardine 57-day ski trek to South Pole [11]
  • 2007 — Pat Falvey leads an Irish team to reach the South Pole, skiing 1140 km only weeks after completing an unsupported Ski traverse of the Greenland Ice Cap in August 2007 in honour of Irish Polar Explorers such as Shakelton and Tom Crean. Clare O'Leary becomes the first Irish female to reach the South Pole.
  • 2007–2008 — Norwegian-U.S. Scientific Traverse of East Antarctica.[12]
  • 2007–2008 — British Army Antarctic Expedition 2007–2008 [13]
  • 2008 — Todd Carmichael sets coast-to-pole solo/unsupported record of 39 days, 7 hours and 49 minutes[14]
  • 2008 — First Venezuelan Scientific Expedition to Antarctica.
  • 2008–2009 — Impossible 2 Possible (i2P) unsupported South Pole quest by Ray Zahab, Kevin Vallely and Richard Weber.[15]
  • 2009 — Azerbaijan Scientific Expedition
  • 2009 — Kaspersky Commonwealth Antarctic Expedition, largest and most international group of women to ski to South Pole.
  • 2009 — Second Venezuelan Scientific Expedition to Antarctica.
  • 2009−2010 — Unsupported/Unassisted Antarctica Ski Traverse from Berkner Island to South Pole to Ross Sea by Cecilie Skog and Ryan Waters.
  • 2010 — Moon Regan Transantarctic Crossing, first wheeled transantarctic crossing and first bio-fuelled vehicle to travel to the South Pole.[16]
  • 2010 — Third Venezuelan Scientific Expedition to Antarctica.
  • 2011 — Fourth Venezuelan Scientific Expedition to Antarctica.
  • 2011−2012 — From Novolazarevskaya to Pole of Inaccessibility to South Pole to Hercules inlet by Sebastian Copeland and Eric McNair Landry by kites and skis.[17]
  • 2011−2012 — British Services Antarctic Expedition 2012[18]
  • 2012 — Felicity Aston becomes the first person to ski alone across Antarctica using only personal muscle power, as well as the first woman to cross Antarctica alone.[19][20] Her journey began on 25 November 2011, at the Leverett Glacier, and continued for 59 days and a distance of 1,084 miles (1,744 kilometers).[21]
  • 2012 — Fifth Venezuelan Scientific Expedition to Antarctica.
  • 2012−2013 — Aaron Linsdau becomes the second only American to ski solo from the Hercules Inlet to the South Pole. His original plan was to make a round trip but through a series of problems, like all other expeditions this year, was unable to make the return journey.[22]
  • 2012 — Eric Larsen attempts a bicycle ride from coast to South Pole. Completes a quarter of the distance.
  • 2012 — Grant Korgan becomes the first person with a spinal cord injury to literally "push" himself to the geographic South Pole![23][24][25][26][27]
  • 2012−2013 — Shackleton's centenary re-enactment expedition of the journey of the James Caird aboard the replica Alexandra Shackleton. Six British and Australian Explorers completed the "double journey" on 10 February 2013 after the 800-mile journey from Elephant Island to South Georgia and the mountain crossing.[28]
  • 2013 — Sixth Venezuelan Scientific Expedition to Antarctica.
  • 2013–2014 — Ben Saunders and Tarka L'Herpiniere make the first ever completion of the Terra Nova Expedition first taken by Robert Falcon Scott in January 1912. Their 1,801-mile, 105-day return journey to the South Pole is the longest ever polar journey on foot.[29]
  • 2013 — Parker Liautaud and Douglas Stoup attempt in December 2013 the Willis Resilience Expedition [30] to set a "coast to Pole" speed record [31] by reaching the geographical South Pole on skis in the fastest miles per hour ever recorded from an interior of continent start while being followed by a support vehicle.
  • 2013 — Antony Jinman will walk to the South Pole solo for the 2013 ETE Teachers South Pole Mission, during which he will be in daily contact with schoolchildren from across the United Kingdom and will make films using the world's first drone flights at the South Pole.
  • 2013 — Maria Leijerstam completes the first tricycle ride from coast to South Pole.
  • 2013−14 — Lewis Clarke (aged 16) guided by Carl Alvey (aged 30) became the youngest person to trek from the Antarctic coast at Hercules Inlet to the South Pole. His expedition was in support of the Prince's Trust and his achievement is recognised by Guinness World Records.
  • 2013−14 — Daniel P. Burton completes the first bicycle ride from coast to the South Pole.
  • 2013−14 — Chris Turney led an expedition, entitled "Spirit of Mawson", aimed at highlighting the decline in sea ice due to climate change. The expedition was abandoned when its Russian ship became stuck in unusually large amounts of sea ice.
  • 2013 — In December 2013 the Expeditions 7 Team led by Scott Brady made a successful east-to-west crossing in four-wheel drive vehicles from Novolazarevskaya to the Ross Ice Shelf via the Scott-Amundsen South Pole Station. Expeditions 7’s logistic plan included providing assistance to the Walking With The Wounded expedition, which was required at latitude 88°S. From the Ross Ice Shelf the Expeditions 7 team returned to Novolazarevskaya via the same route.
  • 2015−16 — Henry Worsley died while attempting to complete the first solo and unaided crossing of the Antarctic.[32]
  • 2016−17 — Spear17, a six man team from the British Army Reserves successfully completed a full traverse of Antarctica unsupported. They set off on 16 November from Hercules Inlet, arrived at the South Pole on Christmas Day, and completed a full traverse reaching Ross Ice Shelf on 20 January 2017. The aim of the expedition was to raise the profile of the army reservists, and to honour the memory of fellow explorer Henry Worsley. The team was led by Lou Rudd [33]
  • 2016−17 — February 7 Mike Horn completes first ever solo, unsupported north-to-south traverse of Antarctica from the Princess Astrid Coast (lat -70.1015 lon 9.8249) to the Dumont D'urville Station (lat -66.6833 lon 139.9167) via the South Pole. He arrived at the pole on February 7, 2017. A total distance of 5100 km was covered utilizing kites and skis in 57 days.[34]

Agreements[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ O'Connor, Tom Polynesians in the Southern Ocean: Occupation of the Auckland Islands in Prehistory in New Zealand Geographic 69 (September–October 2004): 6–8
  2. ^ Anderson, Atholl J., & Gerard R. O'Regan To the Final Shore: Prehistoric Colonisation of the Subantarctic Islands in South Polynesia in Australian Archaeologist: Collected Papers in Honour of Jim Allen Canberra: Australian National University, 2000. 440–454.
  3. ^ Anderson, Atholl J., & Gerard R. O'Regan The Polynesian Archaeology of the Subantarctic Islands: An Initial Report on Enderby Island Southern Margins Project Report. Dunedin: Ngai Tahu Development Report, 1999
  4. ^ Anderson, Atholl J. Subpolar Settlement in South Polynesia Antiquity 79.306 (2005): 791–800
  5. ^ David McGonigalm Antarctica: Secrets of the Southern Continent Frances Lincoln Ltd., 2009 ISBN 0-7112-2980-5 page 288-289
  6. ^ a b Hoare, James E. (2012). "Antarctic Exploration". Historical Dictionary of Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Lanham: Scarecrow Press. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-8108-7987-4. 
  7. ^ http://v1.explorapoles.org/UK/Whos/PT_M-N/Mathieson_Craig.htm
  8. ^ IceChallenger.co.uk Archived 8 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine., 2005. Retrieved on 2008-10-14[self-published source]
  9. ^ Tierraspolared.es, Transantarctica 2005–06 at Tierras Polares Archived 7 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Aislinn Simpson (29 December 2006), "Woman treks alone to South Pole in 39 days", The Guardian, retrieved 2013-03-12 
  11. ^ http://www.rayjardine.com/adventures/2006-SouthPole/index.htm
  12. ^ Traverse.npolar.no[self-published source]
  13. ^ Conor J. Ryan Joys and Hardships of Antarctic Fieldwork, retrieved 2011 Aug 24
  14. ^ Martin, Peter (Dec 2011), "Todd Carmichael, American", Esquire: 202, retrieved 2013-03-13 
  15. ^ Southpolequest.com[self-published source]
  16. ^ Moon Regan transantarctic crossing[self-published source]
  17. ^ http://www.explorersweb.com/polar/news.php?id=20632
  18. ^ BSAE 2012 - Spirit of Scott[self-published source]
  19. ^ "Long Day's Journey into White | Adventure". Reader's Digest Asia. Retrieved 2012-01-28. 
  20. ^ Michael Warren. "First woman to cross Antarctica solo sets two records". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2012-01-28. 
  21. ^ "British adventurer Felicity Aston caps first ski crossing of Antarctica by woman". ESPN. 2012-01-23. Retrieved 2012-01-28. 
  22. ^ Antarctic Tears, Sastrugi Press, 2014
  23. ^ http://www.thepushison.com
  24. ^ http://xgames.espn.com/xgames/skiing/article/9926125/sit-skier-grant-korgan-pushed-way-antarctica
  25. ^ http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/paralyzed-nevada-man-grant-korgan-reaches-south-pole-article-1.1008718
  26. ^ http://www.sfgate.com/outdoors/article/Paralyzed-athlete-Grant-Korgan-achieves-polar-goal-2803082.php
  27. ^ http://www.choosepositivitynow.com/
  28. ^ Shackleton Epic [self-published source]
  29. ^ "The Scott Expedition". 
  30. ^ "Willis Resilience Expedition". 
  31. ^ Explorersweb (2011-01-13). "Breaking news: Christian Eide bags the South Pole solo speed ski world record". explorersweb.com. Retrieved 2011-01-13. 
  32. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-35398552
  33. ^ http://www.spear17.org
  34. ^ http://www.illustre.ch/news/mike-horn-dompte-lantarctique-en-solitaire

References[edit]

  • Savatyugin, L. M.; Preobrazhenskaya, M. A. (1999). Российские исследования в Антарктике [Russian Exploration of Antarctica] (in Russian). Saint Petersburg: Gidrometeoizdat, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI), Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring of Russian Federation (Roshydromet). ISBN 5-286-01265-5. 
  • "Soviet Antarctic Expedition". Information Bulletin. Amsterdam: Elsevier Pub. Co. 1958–1974. ISSN 0038-5271. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]