|Birth name||Antauro Humala|
He attained international prominence on 1 January 2005 by occupying a rural police station in Andahuaylas, Apurímac Region. Assisted by a large group of followers (press reports range from 70 to 300 in their estimates), demanded the resignation of President Alejandro Toledo, whom he accused of selling Peru out to foreign (particularly Chilean) investors.
Four police officers and one gunman died on the first day of the siege. The following day Humala agreed to surrender, though had still failed to do so by the third day, claiming that the government had reneged on its promise to guarantee a "surrender with honour". Eventually he surrendered and was taken to Lima under arrest on 4 January 2005.
He and his brother Ollanta Humala had previously led 50 followers in a brief and unsuccessful uprising (Locumba uprising (es)) against President Alberto Fujimori during the dying days of his regime in October 2000. The two brothers call the movement they lead the "Movimiento Etnocacerista". 
Antauro Humala was a candidate for national congress on April 2006 elections.
In September 2009 Antauro Humala was sentenced to 25 years in prison. On 14 May 2011, Antauro Humala filed a lawsuit against journalist Jaime Bayly claiming Bayly was "disseminating inaccurate versions" of the events in 2005.
In 2012 the National Penitentiary Institute transferred him to the high-security Callao Naval Base for “repeated violations of penitentiary regulations by the inmate.” There he joined Abimael Guzman and Vladimiro Montesinos.
- Antauro Humala's public letter from Centro Penitenciario de Piedras Gordas (Peru) / 26 March 2008: [permanent dead link]
- Video of the lawsuit (Lurigancho) and protests of Antauro Humala and etnocaceristas in jail: 
- Carlos Aznárez (1 March 2005). "¿Quién es Antauro Humala?" [Who is Antauro Humala?] (in Spanish). Rebelion.org. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Antauro Humala begins trial for 2005 assault on police station". Andean Air Mail & PERUVIAN TIMES. 28 March 2008. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Perú: insurgentes se rinden" [Peru: insurgents surrender] (in Spanish). BBC News. 4 Jan 2005. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Libón, Oscar (23 May 2011). "Montesinos: "Levantamiento de Locumba facilitó mi fuga del país"". Correo. Lima. Retrieved 28 June 2014.
- "Antauro Humala demands to be set free". livinginperu.com. 17 July 2006. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Eduardo Avila (21 September 2009). "Peru: Antauro Humala Sentenced for 2005 Attack". Global Voices Online. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Antauro Humala presentará demanda contra Jaime Bayly" [Antauro Humala present lawsuit against Jaime Bayly]. Terra (in Spanish). 14 May 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Antauro Humala Transferred To Callao Naval Base". Peruvian Times. April 4, 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2014.
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